Heapy (Ruby Heap Dump Inspector)
A CLI for analyzing Ruby Heap dumps. Thanks to Sam Saffron for the idea and initial code.
Add this line to your application's Gemfile:
And then execute:
Or install it yourself as:
$ gem install heapy
Step 2) Once you've got the heap dump, you can analyze it using this CLI:
$ heapy read tmp/2015-10-01T10:18:59-05:00-heap.dump Generation: nil object count: 209191 Generation: 14 object count: 407 Generation: 15 object count: 638 Generation: 16 object count: 748 Generation: 17 object count: 1023 Generation: 18 object count: 805 # ...
NOTE: The reason you may be getting a "nil" generation is these objects were loaded into memory before your code began tracking the allocations. To ensure all allocations are tracked you can execute your ruby script this trick. First create a file
trace.rb that only starts allocation tracing:
# trace.rb require 'objspace' ObjectSpace.trace_object_allocations_start
Now make sure this command is loaded before you run your script, you can use Ruby's
-I to specify a load path and
-r to specify a library to require, in this case our trace file
$ ruby -I ./ -r trace script_name.rb
If the last line of your file is invalid JSON, make sure that you are closing the file after writing the ruby heap dump to it.
Digging into a Generation
You can drill down into a specific generation. In the previous example, the 17'th generation looks strangely large, you can drill into it:
$ heapy read tmp/2015-10-01T10:18:59-05:00-heap.dump 17 Analyzing Heap (Generation: 17) ------------------------------- allocated by memory (44061517) (in bytes) ============================== 39908512 /app/vendor/ruby-2.2.3/lib/ruby/2.2.0/timeout.rb:79 1284993 /app/vendor/ruby-2.2.3/lib/ruby/2.2.0/openssl/buffering.rb:182 201068 /app/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.2.0/gems/json-1.8.3/lib/json/common.rb:223 189272 /app/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.2.0/gems/newrelic_rpm-22.214.171.1242/lib/new_relic/agent/stats_engine/stats_hash.rb:39 172531 /app/vendor/ruby-2.2.3/lib/ruby/2.2.0/net/http/header.rb:172 92200 /app/vendor/bundle/ruby/2.2.0/gems/activesupport-4.2.3/lib/active_support/core_ext/numeric/conversions.rb:131
Reviewing all generations
If you want to read all generations you can use the "all" directive
$ heapy read tmp/2015-10-01T10:18:59-05:00-heap.dump all
You can also use T-Lo's online JS based Heap Analyzer for visualizations.
After checking out the repo, run
$ bundle install to install dependencies. Then, run
rake spec to run the tests.
To install this gem onto your local machine, run
bundle exec rake install. To release a new version, update the version number in
version.rb, and then run
bundle exec rake release, which will create a git tag for the version, push git commits and tags, and push the
.gem file to rubygems.org.
Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at https://github.com/schneems/heapy. This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the Contributor Covenant code of conduct.
The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.