Amazon S3 output plugin for Fluentd

Overview

s3 output plugin buffers event logs in local file and upload it to S3 periodically.

This plugin splits files exactly by using the time of event logs (not the time when the logs are received). For example, a log '2011-01-02 message B' is reached, and then another log '2011-01-03 message B' is reached in this order, the former one is stored in “20110102.gz” file, and latter one in “20110103.gz” file.

Installation

Simply use RubyGems:

gem install fluent-plugin-s3

Configuration

<match pattern>
  type s3

  aws_key_id YOUR_AWS_KEY_ID
  aws_sec_key YOUR_AWS_SECRET/KEY
  s3_bucket YOUR_S3_BUCKET_NAME
  s3_region ap-northeast-1
  s3_object_key_format %{path}%{time_slice}_%{index}.%{file_extension}
  path logs/
  buffer_path /var/log/fluent/s3

  time_slice_format %Y%m%d-%H
  time_slice_wait 10m
  utc
</match>
aws_key_id

AWS access key id. This parameter is required when your agent is not running on EC2 instance with an IAM Role.

aws_sec_key

AWS secret key. This parameter is required when your agent is not running on EC2 instance with an IAM Role.

s3_bucket (required)

S3 bucket name.

s3_region

s3 region name. For example, US West (Oregon) Region is “us-west-2”. The full list of regions are available here. > docs.aws.amazon.com/general/latest/gr/rande.html#s3_region. We recommend using `s3_region` instead of `s3_endpoint`.

s3_object_key_format

The format of S3 object keys. You can use several built-in variables:

  • %path

  • %time_slice

  • %index

  • %file_extension

to decide keys dynamically.

%path is exactly the value of path configured in the configuration file. E.g., “logs/” in the example configuration above. %time_slice is the time-slice in text that are formatted with time_slice_format. %index is the sequential number starts from 0, increments when multiple files are uploaded to S3 in the same time slice. %file_extention is always “gz” for now.

The default format is “%path%time_slice_%index.%file_extension”.

For instance, using the example configuration above, actual object keys on S3 will be something like:

"logs/20130111-22_0.gz"
"logs/20130111-23_0.gz"
"logs/20130111-23_1.gz"
"logs/20130112-00_0.gz"

With the configuration:

s3_object_key_format %{path}/events/ts=%{time_slice}/events_%{index}.%{file_extension}
path log
time_slice_format %Y%m%d-%H

You get:

"log/events/ts=20130111-22/events_0.gz"
"log/events/ts=20130111-23/events_0.gz"
"log/events/ts=20130111-23/events_1.gz"
"log/events/ts=20130112-00/events_0.gz"

The fluent-mixin-config-placeholders mixin is also incorporated, so additional variables such as %hostname, %uuid, etc. can be used in the s3_object_key_format. This could prove useful in preventing filename conflicts when writing from multiple servers.

s3_object_key_format %{path}/events/ts=%{time_slice}/events_%{index}-%{hostname}.%{file_extension}
store_as

archive format on S3. You can use serveral format:

  • gzip (default)

  • json

  • text

  • lzo (Need lzop command)

See 'Use your compression algorithm' section for adding another format.

format

Change one line format in the S3 object. Supported formats are “out_file”, “json”, “ltsv” and “single_value”.

  • out_file (default).

    time\ttag\t{..json1..}
    time\ttag\t{..json2..}
    ...
    
  • json

    {..json1..}
    {..json2..}
    ...
    

At this format, “time” and “tag” are omitted. But you can set these information to the record by setting “include_tag_key” / “tag_key” and “include_time_key” / “time_key” option. If you set following configuration in S3 output:

format json
include_time_key true
time_key log_time # default is time

then the record has log_time field.

{"log_time":"time string",...}
  • ltsv

    key1:value1\tkey2:value2
    key1:value1\tkey2:value2
    ...
    

“ltsv” format also accepts “include_xxx” related options. See “json” section.

  • single_value

Use specified value instead of entire recode. If you get 'log”', then contents are

my log1
my log2
...

You can change key name by “message_key” option.

auto_create_bucket

Create S3 bucket if it does not exists. Default is true.

check_apikey_on_start

Check AWS key on start. Default is true.

proxy_uri

uri of proxy environment.

path

path prefix of the files on S3. Default is “” (no prefix).

buffer_path (required)

path prefix of the files to buffer logs.

time_slice_format

Format of the time used as the file name. Default is '%Y%m%d'. Use '%Y%m%d%H' to split files hourly.

time_slice_wait

The time to wait old logs. Default is 10 minutes. Specify larger value if old logs may reache.

utc

Use UTC instead of local time.

IAM Policy

The following is an example for a minimal IAM policy needed to write to an s3 bucket (matches my-s3bucket/logs, my-s3bucket-test, etc.).

{ "Statement": [
 { "Effect":"Allow",
   "Action":"s3:*",
   "Resource":"arn:aws:s3:::my-s3bucket*"
  } ]
}

Note that the bucket must already exist and auto_create_bucket has no effect in this case.

Refer to the AWS documentation for example policies.

Using IAM roles with a properly configured IAM policy are preferred over embedding access keys on EC2 instances.

Use your compression algorithm

s3 plugin has plugabble compression mechanizm like Fleuntd's input / output plugin. If you set 'store_as xxx', s3 plugin searches `fluent/plugin/s3_compressor_xxx.rb`. You can define your compression with 'S3Output::Compressor' class. Compressor API is here:

module Fluent
  class S3Output
    class XXXCompressor < Compressor
      S3Output.register_compressor('xxx', self)

      # Used to file extension
      def ext
        'xxx'
      end

      # Used to file content type
      def content_type
        'application/x-xxx'
      end

      # chunk is buffer chunk. tmp is destination file for upload
      def compress(chunk, tmp)
        # call command or something
      end
    end
  end
end

See bundled Compressor classes for more detail.

Website, license, et. al.

Web site

fluentd.org/

Documents

docs.fluentd.org/

Source repository

github.com/fluent

Discussion

groups.google.com/group/fluentd

Author

Sadayuki Furuhashi

Copyright

© 2011 FURUHASHI Sadayuki

License

Apache License, Version 2.0