Build::Dependency

Build::Dependency provides dependency resolution algorithms.

Build Status Code Climate Coverage Status

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'build-dependency'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install build-dependency

Usage

A dependency graph is a DAG (directed acyclic graph), such that if A depends on B, A has an edge pointing to B.

A dependency list is an ordered list of dependencies, such that if A depends on B, B will be listed earlier than A.

A dependency chain is the result of traversing the dependency graph from a given set of dependencies. It contains an ordered list of providers, a list of specific provisions.

Full Dependency Graph

A private dependency is not traversed when creating a partial chain. When building a partial chain for app, we don't follow lib's private dependency on Language/C++17.

Partial Dependency Graph

The orange box is the top level dependency, the grey box is an alias, the blue box is a specific provider, and the bold boxes are specific provisions which are being included.

Model

To create your own dependency graph, you need to expose a model object which represents something that has dependencies and can be depended on.

Here is an example of a package model for Arch Linux PKGBUILD files:

# A specific package.
class Package
    include Build::Dependency

    def initialize(path, )
        @path = path
         = 

        .each do |key, value|
            case key
            when 'pkgname'
                @name = value
            when 'depends'
                self.depends(value)
            when 'provides'
                self.provides(value)
            when 'pkgver'
                @pkgver = value
            when 'pkgrel'
                @pkgrel = value
            when 'arch'
                @arch = value
            end
        end

        @name ||= File.basename(path)
        self.provides(@name)
    end

    attr :path
    attr :name
    attr :metadata

    def package_path
        File.join(@path, package_file)
    end

    def package_file
        "#{@name}-#{@pkgver}-#{@pkgrel}-#{@arch}.pkg.tar.xz"
    end
end

# A context represents a directory full of packages.
class Context
    def initialize(path)
        @path = path
        @packages = {}

        load_packages!
    end

    def packages_path
        @path
    end

    attr :packages

    def load_packages!
        Dir.foreach(packages_path) do |package_name|
            next if package_name.start_with?('.')

            package_path = File.join(packages_path, package_name)
            next unless File.directory?(package_path)

            LOGGER.info "Loading #{package_path}..."
            output, status = Open3.capture2("makepkg", "--printsrcinfo", chdir: package_path)

             = output.lines.collect(&:strip).delete_if(&:empty?).collect{|line| line.split(/\s*=\s*/, 2)}

            package = Package.new(package_path, )
            @packages[package.name] = package

            if package.name != package_name
                LOGGER.warn "Package in directory #{package_name} has pkgname of #{package.name}!"
            end
        end
    end

    # Compute the dependency chain for the selection of packages.
    def provision_chain(selection)
        Build::Dependency::Chain.new(selection, @packages.values, selection)
    end
end

Chains

A chain represents a list of resolved packages. You generate a chain from a list of dependencies, a list of all available packages, and a selection of packages which help to resolve ambiguities (e.g. if two packages provide the same target, selection and then priority is used to resolve the ambiguity).

Here is a rake task for the above model which can build a directory of packages including both local PKGBUILDs and upstream packages:

desc "Build a deployment of packages, specify the root package using TARGET="
task :collect do
    target = ENV['TARGET'] or fail("Please supply TARGET=")

    LOGGER.info "Resolving packages for #{target}"

    context = Servers::Context.new(__dir__)

    chain = context.provision_chain([target])

    deploy_root = File.join(__dir__, "../deploy", target)

    FileUtils::Verbose.rm_rf deploy_root
    FileUtils::Verbose.mkdir_p deploy_root

    system_packages = Set.new

    # Depdencies that could not be resolved by our local packages must be resolved the system:
    chain.unresolved.each do |(depends, source)|
        output, status = Open3.capture2("pactree", "-lsu", depends.name)

        abort "Failed to resolve dependency tree for package #{depends.name}" unless status.success?

        system_packages += output.split(/\s+/)
    end

    # Copy system packages from pacman repositories:
    Dir.chdir(deploy_root) do
        Open3.pipeline(
            ["pacman", "-Sp", *system_packages.to_a],
            ['wget', '-nv', '-i', '-'],
        )
    end

    # Copy local packages:
    chain.ordered.each do |resolution|
        package = resolution.provider
        FileUtils::Verbose.cp package.package_path, File.join(deploy_root, package.package_file)
    end
end

Wildcards

It's possible to include wildcards in the dependency name. This is useful if you use scoped names, e.g. Test/* would depend on all test targets. The wildcard matching is done by File.fnmatch?.

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

License

Released under the MIT license.

Copyright, 2017, by Samuel G. D. Williams.

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.