A note for < 1.2 users

There was a lot of confusion about explit/implicit hash parameter notation, with people expecting this to generate an OR query :

User.where.any_of(name: 'Doe', active: true)

This wouldn't work, since there is only one parameter, here : {name: 'Doe', active: true}, so there's a single group of condition that is joined as a AND. To achieve expected result, this should have been used :

User.where.any_of({name: 'Doe'}, {active: true})

To be true to principle of least surprise, we now automatically expand parameters consisting of a single Hash as a hash for each key, so first query will indeed generate :

User.where.any_of(name: 'Doe', active: true)
# => SELECT * FROM users WHERE name = 'Doe' OR active = '1'

Grouping conditions can still be achieved using explicit curly brackets :

User.where.any_of({first_name: 'John', last_name: 'Doe'}, active: true)
# => SELECT * FROM users WHERE (first_name = 'John' AND last_name = 'Doe') OR active = '1'


This gem provides #any_of and #none_of on ActiveRecord.

#any_of is inspired by any_of from mongoid.

Its main purpose is to both :

  • remove the need to write a sql string when we want an OR
  • allows to write dynamic OR queries, which would be a pain with a string



It allows to compute an OR like query that leverages AR's #where syntax:


User.where.any_of(first_name: 'Joe', last_name: 'Joe')
# => SELECT * FROM users WHERE first_name = 'Joe' OR last_name = 'Joe'

grouped conditions

You can separate sets of hash condition by explicitly group them as hashes :

User.where.any_of({first_name: 'John', last_name: 'Joe'}, {first_name: 'Simon', last_name: 'Joe'})
# => SELECT * FROM users WHERE ( first_name = 'John' AND last_name = 'Joe' ) OR ( first_name = 'Simon' AND last_name = 'Joe' )

it's plain #where syntax

Each #any_of set is the same kind you would have passed to #where :

Client.where.any_of("orders_count = '2'", ["name = ?", 'Joe'], {email: '[email protected]'})

with relations

You can as well pass #any_of to other relations :

Client.where("orders_count = '2'").where.any_of({ email: '[email protected]' }, { email: '[email protected]' })

with associations

And with associations :

User.find(1).posts.where.any_of({published: false}, "user_id IS NULL")

dynamic OR queries

The best part is that #any_of accepts other relations as parameter, to help compute dynamic OR queries :

banned_users = User.where(banned: true)
unconfirmed_users = User.where("confirmed_at IS NULL")
inactive_users = User.where.any_of(banned_users, unconfirmed_users)


#none_of is the negative version of #any_of. This will return all active users :

banned_users = User.where(banned: true)
unconfirmed_users = User.where("confirmed_at IS NULL")
active_users = User.where.none_of(banned_users, unconfirmed_users)


activerecord_any_of uses WhereChain, which has been introduced in rails-4. In rails-3, simply call #any_of and #none_of directly, without using #where :

manual_removal = User.where(id: params[:users][:destroy_ids])
User.any_of(manual_removal, "email like ''", {banned: true})
@company.users.any_of(manual_removal, "email like ''", {banned: true})
User.where(offline: false).any_of( manual_removal, "email like ''", {banned: true})


In your Gemfile :

gem 'activerecord_any_of'

Activerecord_any_of supports rails >= 3.2.13 and rails-4 (let me know if tests pass for rails < 3.2.13, I may edit gem dependencies).

Why not an #or method instead ?

User.where( "email LIKE '" ).where( active: true ).or( offline: true )

What does this query do ? where (email LIKE '' AND active = '1' ) OR offline = '1' ? Or where email LIKE '' AND ( active = '1' OR offline = '1' ) ? This can quickly get messy and counter intuitive.

The MongoId solution is quite elegant. Using #any_of, it is made clear which conditions are grouped through OR and which are grouped through AND :

  • User.where( "email LIKE '" ).any_of({ active: true }, { offline: true })
  • fakes = User.where( "email LIKE ''" ).where( active: true ); User.any_of( fakes, { offline: true })

I want this in active_record

You can say it there.

Running test

Activerecord_any_of allows to run tests against both rails-3 and rails-4. You have to run them seperately, but it's ok to use the same directory / machine to run both.

Running tests with rails-4

# One time setup
bundle install --gemfile Gemfile.rails4
cd test/dummy_rails4
BUNDLE_GEMFILE=../../Gemfile.rails4 bundle exec rake db:migrate
BUNDLE_GEMFILE=../../Gemfile.rails4 bundle exec rake db:test:prepare
cd ../..

# Then
bundle exec rake test

Running tests with rails-3

# One time setup
bundle install --gemfile Gemfile.rails3
cd test/dummy_rails3
BUNDLE_GEMFILE=../../Gemfile.rails3 bundle exec rake db:migrate
BUNDLE_GEMFILE=../../Gemfile.rails3 bundle exec rake db:test:prepare
cd ../..

# Then
RAILS_VERSION=3 bundle exec rake test

Pull requests

This gem is extracted from a pull request made to activerecord core, and still hope to be merged. So, any pull request here should respects usual Rails contributing rules when it makes sense (especially : coding conventions) to make integration in source pull request easy.