ActiveRecord (all-year) pooling "alternatives" ... in a relaxed 'spa' fashion.


Bogács is a village in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Hungary.

WiP: do not put this on production if you do not understand the consequences!


add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'activerecord-bogacs', :require => 'active_record/bogacs'

... or install it yourself as:

$ gem install activerecord-bogacs


Bogacs' pools rely on a small monkey-patch that allows to change the AR pool. The desired pool class needs to be set before establish_connection happens, thus an initializer won't work, you might consider setting the pool class at the bottom of your application.rb e.g. :


module MyApp
  class Application < Rails::Application
    # config.middleware.delete 'ActiveRecord::QueryCache'

# sample AR-Bogacs setup using the "false" pool :
if Rails.env.production?
  pool_class = ActiveRecord::Bogacs::FalsePool
  ActiveRecord::ConnectionAdapters::ConnectionHandler.connection_pool_class = pool_class

pools are expected to work with older ActiveRecord versions, if not let us know.

Default Pool

Meant as a back-port for users stuck with old Rails versions (< 4.0) on production, facing potential (pool related) concurrency bugs e.g. with high-loads under JRuby.

Based on pool code from 4.x (which works much better than any previous version), with a few minor tunings and extensions such as pool_initial: 0.5 which allows to specify how many connections to initialize in advance when the pool is created.

False Pool

The false pool won't do any actual pooling, it is assumed that an underlying pool is configured. Still, it does maintain a hash of AR connections mapped to threads. Ignores pool related configurations such as pool: 42 or checkout_timeout: 2.5.

NOTE: be sure to configure an underlying pool e.g. with Trinidad (using the default Tomcat JDBC pool) :

  http: # true
    port: 3000
    # ...
      url: jdbc:mysql:///my_production
      username: root
      jndi: jdbc/BogacsDB
      initialSize: <%= ENV['POOL_INITIAL'] || 25 %> # connections created on start
      maxActive: <%= ENV['POOL_SIZE'] || 100 %> # default 100 (AR pool: size)
      maxIdle: <%= ENV['POOL_SIZE'] || 100 %> # max connections kept in the pool
      minIdle: <%= ENV['POOL_INITIAL'] || 50 %>
      # idle connections are checked periodically (if enabled) and connections
      # that been idle for longer than minEvictableIdleTimeMillis will be released
      minEvictableIdleTimeMillis: <%= 3 * 60 * 1000 %> # default 60s
      # AR checkout_timeout: 5
      maxWait: <%= (( ENV['POOL_TIMEOUT'] || 5.0 ).to_f * 1000).to_i %> # default 30s

ActiveRecord-JDBC adapter allows you to lookup connection from JNDI using the following configuration :

  adapter: mysql2
  jndi: java:/comp/env/jdbc/BogacsDB

NOTE: when using FalsePool there's nothing to configure (in database.yml)!

Shareable Pool

This pool allows for a database connection to be "shared" among threads, this is very dangerous normally. You will need to understand the underlying driver's connection whether it is thread-safe.

You'll need to manually declare blocks that run with a shared connection (make sure only read operations happen within such blocks) similar to the built-in with_connection e.g. :

cache_fetch( [ 'user', user_id ] ) do
  ActiveRecord::Base.with_shared_connection { User.find(user_id) }

The pool will only share connections among such blocks and only if it runs out of all connections (until than it will always prefer checking out a connection just like a "regular" pool).

Only tested with ActiveRecord-JDBC-Adapter using the official Postgres' driver.

Copyright (c) 2015 Karol Bucek. See LICENSE ( for details.