Method: Array#slice

Defined in:
array.c

#[](index) ⇒ Object? #[](start, length) ⇒ nil #[](range) ⇒ nil #slice(index) ⇒ Object? #slice(start, length) ⇒ nil #slice(range) ⇒ nil

Element Reference — Returns the element at index, or returns a subarray starting at the start index and continuing for length elements, or returns a subarray specified by range of indices.

Negative indices count backward from the end of the array (-1 is the last element). For start and range cases the starting index is just before an element. Additionally, an empty array is returned when the starting index for an element range is at the end of the array.

Returns nil if the index (or starting index) are out of range.

a = [ "a", "b", "c", "d", "e" ]
a[2] +  a[0] + a[1]    #=> "cab"
a[6]                   #=> nil
a[1, 2]                #=> [ "b", "c" ]
a[1..3]                #=> [ "b", "c", "d" ]
a[4..7]                #=> [ "e" ]
a[6..10]               #=> nil
a[-3, 3]               #=> [ "c", "d", "e" ]
# special cases
a[5]                   #=> nil
a[6, 1]                #=> nil
a[5, 1]                #=> []
a[5..10]               #=> []

Overloads:

  • #[](index) ⇒ Object?

    Returns:

  • #[](start, length) ⇒ nil

    Returns:

    • (nil)
  • #[](range) ⇒ nil

    Returns:

    • (nil)
  • #slice(index) ⇒ Object?

    Returns:

  • #slice(start, length) ⇒ nil

    Returns:

    • (nil)
  • #slice(range) ⇒ nil

    Returns:

    • (nil)


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# File 'array.c', line 1248

VALUE
rb_ary_aref(int argc, const VALUE *argv, VALUE ary)
{
    VALUE arg;
    long beg, len;

    if (argc == 2) {
	beg = NUM2LONG(argv[0]);
	len = NUM2LONG(argv[1]);
	if (beg < 0) {
	    beg += RARRAY_LEN(ary);
	}
	return rb_ary_subseq(ary, beg, len);
    }
    if (argc != 1) {
	rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", NULL, NULL);
    }
    arg = argv[0];
    /* special case - speeding up */
    if (FIXNUM_P(arg)) {
	return rb_ary_entry(ary, FIX2LONG(arg));
    }
    /* check if idx is Range */
    switch (rb_range_beg_len(arg, &beg, &len, RARRAY_LEN(ary), 0)) {
      case Qfalse:
	break;
      case Qnil:
	return Qnil;
      default:
	return rb_ary_subseq(ary, beg, len);
    }
    return rb_ary_entry(ary, NUM2LONG(arg));
}

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