Module: Paperclip::Storage::Fog

Defined in:
lib/paperclip/storage/fog.rb

Overview

fog is a modern and versatile cloud computing library for Ruby. Among others, it supports Amazon S3 to store your files. In contrast to the outdated AWS-S3 gem it is actively maintained and supports multiple locations. Amazon's S3 file hosting service is a scalable, easy place to store files for distribution. You can find out more about it at aws.amazon.com/s3 There are a few fog-specific options for has_attached_file, which will be explained using S3 as an example:

  • fog_credentials: Takes a Hash with your credentials. For S3, you can use the following format:

    aws_access_key_id: '<your aws_access_key_id>'
    aws_secret_access_key: '<your aws_secret_access_key>'
    provider: 'AWS'
    region: 'eu-west-1'
    scheme: 'https'
    
  • fog_directory: This is the name of the S3 bucket that will store your files. Remember that the bucket must be unique across all of Amazon S3. If the bucket does not exist, Paperclip will attempt to create it.

  • +fog_file*: This can be hash or lambda returning hash. The value is used as base properties for new uploaded file.

  • path: This is the key under the bucket in which the file will be stored. The URL will be constructed from the bucket and the path. This is what you will want to interpolate. Keys should be unique, like filenames, and despite the fact that S3 (strictly speaking) does not support directories, you can still use a / to separate parts of your file name.

  • fog_public: (optional, defaults to true) Should the uploaded files be public or not? (true/false)

  • fog_host: (optional) The fully-qualified domain name (FQDN) that is the alias to the S3 domain of your bucket, e.g. 'images.example.com'. This can also be used in conjunction with Cloudfront (aws.amazon.com/cloudfront)

  • fog_options: (optional) A hash of options that are passed to fog when the file is created. For example, you could set the multipart-chunk size to 100MB with a hash:

    { :multipart_chunk_size => 104857600 }
    

Constant Summary

AWS_BUCKET_SUBDOMAIN_RESTRICTON_REGEX =
/\A(?:[a-z]|\d(?!\d{0,2}(?:\.\d{1,3}){3}\z))(?:[a-z0-9]|\.(?![\.\-])|\-(?![\.])){1,61}[a-z0-9]\z/

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Class Method Details

.extended(base) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/paperclip/storage/fog.rb', line 42

def self.extended base
  begin
    require 'fog'
  rescue LoadError => e
    e.message << " (You may need to install the fog gem)"
    raise e
  end unless defined?(Fog)

  base.instance_eval do
    unless @options[:url].to_s.match(/\A:fog.*url\z/)
      @options[:path]  = @options[:path].gsub(/:url/, @options[:url]).gsub(/\A:rails_root\/public\/system\//, '')
      @options[:url]   = ':fog_public_url'
    end
    Paperclip.interpolates(:fog_public_url) do |attachment, style|
      attachment.public_url(style)
    end unless Paperclip::Interpolations.respond_to? :fog_public_url
  end
end

Instance Method Details

#copy_to_local_file(style, local_dest_path) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/paperclip/storage/fog.rb', line 172

def copy_to_local_file(style, local_dest_path)
  log("copying #{path(style)} to local file #{local_dest_path}")
  ::File.open(local_dest_path, 'wb') do |local_file|
    file = directory.files.get(path(style))
    return false unless file
    local_file.write(file.body)
  end
rescue ::Fog::Errors::Error => e
  warn("#{e} - cannot copy #{path(style)} to local file #{local_dest_path}")
  false
end

#exists?(style = default_style) ⇒ Boolean



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# File 'lib/paperclip/storage/fog.rb', line 63

def exists?(style = default_style)
  if original_filename
    !!directory.files.head(path(style))
  else
    false
  end
end

#expiring_url(time = (Time.now + 3600), style_name = default_style) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/paperclip/storage/fog.rb', line 151

def expiring_url(time = (Time.now + 3600), style_name = default_style)
  time = convert_time(time)
  http_url_method = "get_#{scheme}_url"
  if path(style_name) && directory.files.respond_to?(http_url_method)
    expiring_url = directory.files.public_send(http_url_method, path(style_name), time)

    if @options[:fog_host]
      expiring_url.gsub!(/#{host_name_for_directory}/, dynamic_fog_host_for_style(style_name))
    end
  else
    expiring_url = url(style_name)
  end

  return expiring_url
end

#flush_deletesObject



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# File 'lib/paperclip/storage/fog.rb', line 131

def flush_deletes
  for path in @queued_for_delete do
    log("deleting #{path}")
    directory.files.new(:key => path).destroy
  end
  @queued_for_delete = []
end

#flush_writesObject



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# File 'lib/paperclip/storage/fog.rb', line 103

def flush_writes
  for style, file in @queued_for_write do
    log("saving #{path(style)}")
    retried = false
    begin
      attributes = fog_file.merge(
        :body         => file,
        :key          => path(style),
        :public       => fog_public(style),
        :content_type => file.content_type
      )
      attributes.merge!(@options[:fog_options]) if @options[:fog_options]
      directory.files.create(attributes)
    rescue Excon::Errors::NotFound
      raise if retried
      retried = true
      directory.save
      retry
    ensure
      file.rewind
    end
  end

  after_flush_writes # allows attachment to clean up temp files

  @queued_for_write = {}
end

#fog_credentialsObject



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# File 'lib/paperclip/storage/fog.rb', line 71

def fog_credentials
  @fog_credentials ||= parse_credentials(@options[:fog_credentials])
end

#fog_fileObject



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# File 'lib/paperclip/storage/fog.rb', line 75

def fog_file
  @fog_file ||= begin
    value = @options[:fog_file]
    if !value
      {}
    elsif value.respond_to?(:call)
      value.call(self)
    else
      value
    end
  end
end

#fog_public(style = default_style) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/paperclip/storage/fog.rb', line 88

def fog_public(style = default_style)
  if @options.key?(:fog_public)
    value = @options[:fog_public]
    if value.respond_to?(:key?) && value.key?(style)
      value[style]
    elsif value.respond_to?(:call)
      value.call(self)
    else
      value
    end
  else
    true
  end
end

#parse_credentials(creds) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/paperclip/storage/fog.rb', line 167

def parse_credentials(creds)
  creds = find_credentials(creds).stringify_keys
  (creds[RailsEnvironment.get] || creds).symbolize_keys
end

#public_url(style = default_style) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/paperclip/storage/fog.rb', line 139

def public_url(style = default_style)
  if @options[:fog_host]
    "#{dynamic_fog_host_for_style(style)}/#{path(style)}"
  else
    if fog_credentials[:provider] == 'AWS'
      "#{scheme}://#{host_name_for_directory}/#{path(style)}"
    else
      directory.files.new(:key => path(style)).public_url
    end
  end
end