Sunlight Labs API Gem

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Description

A little gem that integrates with the Sunlight Labs API. From the official site:

The Sunlight Labs API provides methods for obtaining basic information on Members of Congress, legislator IDs used by various websites, and lookups between places and the politicians that represent them. The primary purpose of the API is to facilitate mashups involving politicians and the various other APIs that are out there.

Full API documentation available here.

Also, the Sunlight gem integrates with the Google Maps API for street address geocoding. Because some zip codes overlap two or more congressional districts, passing in a latitude/longitude will give users the most accurate information. Since it’s highly unlikely a user would know their exact lat/long, the Google Maps API is used to translate a street address string into a lat/long pair.

Installation

The following gems are required:

  • json
  • geocoder

$ sudo gem install json geocoder

Then, install the gem:

$ sudo gem install sunlight

Set Up

First, register for an API key here.

Then, you’ll want to stick the following lines somewhere in your Ruby environment. Note, this set up changed slightly as of version 0.9.0:


	require 'rubygems'
	require 'sunlight'
	Sunlight::Base.api_key = 'yourapikeyfromtheurlabove'

If you’re testing this out in IRB, you’ll run them one at a time. If you’re using Rails >=2.1, stick them in a file called sunlight.rb in RAILS_ROOT/config/initializers. They’ll load on app startup.

Usage

The Sunlight gem fully wraps the Sunlight Labs API.

Legislator

Time to get to the good stuff. The most useful method is Legislator#all_for:


	congresspeople = Sunlight::Legislator.all_for(:address => "123 Fifth Ave New York, NY 10003")
	senior_senator = congresspeople[:senior_senator]
	junior_senator = congresspeople[:junior_senator]
	representative = congresspeople[:representative]

	junior_senator.firstname          # returns "Kirsten" 
	junior_senator.lastname           # returns "Gillibrand"   
	junior_senator.congress_office    # returns "531 Dirksen Senate Office Building"
	junior_senator.phone              # returns "202-224-4451"  

Note that you should make the best attempt to get a full street address, as that is geocoded behind the scenes into a lat/long pair. If all you have is a five-digit zip code, you should not use Legislator#all_for, instead opting for Legislator#all_in_zipcode (see below). If you pass in a zip+4, then go ahead and use Legislator#all_for.

So Legislator#all_for returns a hash of Legislator objects, and the keys are :senior_senator, :junior_senator, and :representative. Make sure to review all the available fields from the Sunlight Labs API. You can also pass in a lat/long pair:


	congresspeople = Sunlight::Legislator.all_for(:latitude => 33.876145, :longitude => -84.453789)

This bypasses the geocoding necessary by the Google Maps API. For social networks and other applications with a User object, it makes sense to geocode the user’s address up front and save the lat/long data in the local database. Then, use the lat/long pair instead of address, which cuts a substantial bit of time from the Legislator#all_for request since the Google Maps API Geocoding function doesn’t have to be called.

Have a five-digit zip code only? You can use the Legislator#all_in_zipcode method, but keep in mind that a single zip may have multiple U.S. Representatives, as congressional district lines frequently divide populous zip codes. Unlike Legislator#all_for, this method returns an array of legislators, and it’ll be up to you to parse through them (there will be a senior senator, a junior senator, and one or more representatives).


	members_of_congress = Sunlight::Legislator.all_in_zipcode(90210)

	members_of_congress.each do |member|
		# do stuff
	end

You can also use the Legislator#all_where method for searching based on available fields. Again, you’ll get back an array of Legislator objects:


	johns = Sunlight::Legislator.all_where(:firstname => "John")
	floridians = Sunlight::Legislator.all_where(:state => "FL")
	dudes = Sunlight::Legislator.all_where(:gender => "M")

	johns.each do |john|
	  # do stuff
	end

Lastly, to provide your users with a name search functionality, use Legislator#search_by_name, which uses fuzzy matching to compensate for nicknames and misspellings. So “Ed Markey” (real name Edward Markey) and “Jack Murtha” (real name John Murtha) will return the correct matches. You can specify a higher confidence threshold (default set to 0.80) if you feel that the matches being returned aren’t accurate enough. This also returns an array of Legislator objects:


	legislators = Sunlight::Legislator.search_by_name("Ed Markey")
	legislators = Sunlight::Legislator.search_by_name("Johnny Boy Kerry", 0.91)

District

There’s also the District object. District#get takes in either lat/long or an address and does it’s best to return the correct Congressional District:


	district = Sunlight::District.get(:latitude => 33.876145, :longitude => -84.453789)
	district.state            # returns "GA"
	district.number           # returns "6"

	district = Sunlight::District.get(:address => "123 Fifth Ave New York, NY") 

Finally, two more methods, District.all_from_zipcode and District.zipcodes_in, help you out when you want to get all districts in a given zip code, or if you want to get back all zip codes in a given district.


	districts = Sunlight::District.all_from_zipcode(90210)    # returns array of District objects
	zipcodes = Sunlight::District.zipcodes_in("NY", "10")     # returns array of zip codes as strings  ["11201", "11202", "11203",...]

Committees

Members of Congress sit on all-important Committees, the smaller bodies that hold hearings and are first to review legislation.

The Committee object has three identifying fields, and an array of subcommittees, which are Committee objects themselves. To get all the committees for a given chamber of Congress:


  committees = Sunlight::Committee.all_for_chamber("Senate") # or "House" or "Joint"
  some_committee = committees.last
  some_committee.name       # "Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry"
  some_committee.id         # "SSAF"
  some_committee.chamber    # "Senate"
  
  some_committee.subcommittees.each do |subcommittee|
    # do some stuff...
  end

The Committee object also keeps a collection of members in that committee, but since that’s an API-heavy call, it must be done for each Committee one at a time:


  committees = Sunlight::Committee.all_for_chamber("Senate") # or "House" or "Joint"
  some_committee = committees.last    # some_committee.members starts out as nil
  some_committee.load_members         # some_committee.members is now populated
  some_committee.members.each do |legislator|
    # do some stuff...
  end

Coming from the opposite direction, the Legislator object has a method for getting all committees for that particular Legislator, returning an array of Committee objects:


  legislators = Sunlight::Legislator.search_by_name("Byron Dorgan")
  legislator = legislators.first
  legislator.committees.each do |committee|
    # do some stuff...
  end

License

See the terms of usage for the Sunlight Labs API and the Google Maps API.

Copyright © 2009 by Luigi Montanez and the Sunlight Foundation. See LICENSE.textile for more information.