JSON-LD reader/writer

JSON-LD reader/writer for RDF.rb and fully conforming JSON-LD API processor. Additionally this gem implements JSON-LD Framing.

Gem Version Build Status

Features

JSON::LD parses and serializes JSON-LD into RDF and implements expansion, compaction and framing API interfaces.

JSON::LD can now be used to create a context from an RDFS/OWL definition, and optionally include a JSON-LD representation of the ontology itself. This is currently accessed through the script/gen_context script.

Install with gem install json-ld

JSON-LD Streaming Profile

This gem implements an optimized streaming writer used for generating JSON-LD from large repositories. Such documents result in the JSON-LD Streaming Profile:

  • Each statement written as a separate node in expanded/flattened form.
  • RDF Lists are written as separate nodes using rdf:first and rdf:rest properties.

Examples

require 'rubygems'
require 'json/ld'

Expand a Document

input = JSON.parse %({
  "@context": {
    "name": "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name",
    "homepage": "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage",
    "avatar": "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/avatar"
  },
  "name": "Manu Sporny",
  "homepage": "http://manu.sporny.org/",
  "avatar": "http://twitter.com/account/profile_image/manusporny"
})
JSON::LD::API.expand(input) =>

[{
    "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name": ["Manu Sporny"],
    "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage": ["http://manu.sporny.org/"],
    "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/avatar": ["http://twitter.com/account/profile_image/manusporny"]
}]

Compact a Document

input = JSON.parse %([{
    "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name": ["Manu Sporny"],
    "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage": [{"@id": "http://manu.sporny.org/"}],
    "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/avatar": [{"@id": "http://twitter.com/account/profile_image/manusporny"}]
}])

context = JSON.parse(%({
  "@context": {
    "name": "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name",
    "homepage": {"@id": "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage", "@type": "@id"},
    "avatar": {"@id": "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/avatar", "@type": "@id"}
  }
}))['@context']

JSON::LD::API.compact(input, context) =>
{
    "@context": {
      "name": "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name",
      "homepage": {"@id": "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/homepage", "@type": "@id"},
      "avatar": {"@id": "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/avatar", "@type": "@id"}
    },
    "avatar": "http://twitter.com/account/profile_image/manusporny",
    "homepage": "http://manu.sporny.org/",
    "name": "Manu Sporny"
}

Frame a Document

input = JSON.parse %({
  "@context": {
    "Book":         "http://example.org/vocab#Book",
    "Chapter":      "http://example.org/vocab#Chapter",
    "contains":     {"@id": "http://example.org/vocab#contains", "@type": "@id"},
    "creator":      "http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator",
    "description":  "http://purl.org/dc/terms/description",
    "Library":      "http://example.org/vocab#Library",
    "title":        "http://purl.org/dc/terms/title"
  },
  "@graph":
  [{
    "@id": "http://example.com/library",
    "@type": "Library",
    "contains": "http://example.org/library/the-republic"
  },
  {
    "@id": "http://example.org/library/the-republic",
    "@type": "Book",
    "creator": "Plato",
    "title": "The Republic",
    "contains": "http://example.org/library/the-republic#introduction"
  },
  {
    "@id": "http://example.org/library/the-republic#introduction",
    "@type": "Chapter",
    "description": "An introductory chapter on The Republic.",
    "title": "The Introduction"
  }]
})

frame = JSON.parse %({
  "@context": {
    "Book":         "http://example.org/vocab#Book",
    "Chapter":      "http://example.org/vocab#Chapter",
    "contains":     "http://example.org/vocab#contains",
    "creator":      "http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator",
    "description":  "http://purl.org/dc/terms/description",
    "Library":      "http://example.org/vocab#Library",
    "title":        "http://purl.org/dc/terms/title"
  },
  "@type": "Library",
  "contains": {
    "@type": "Book",
    "contains": {
      "@type": "Chapter"
    }
  }
})

JSON::LD::API.frame(input, frame) =>
{
  "@context": {
    "Book": "http://example.org/vocab#Book",
    "Chapter": "http://example.org/vocab#Chapter",
    "contains": "http://example.org/vocab#contains",
    "creator": "http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator",
    "description": "http://purl.org/dc/terms/description",
    "Library": "http://example.org/vocab#Library",
    "title": "http://purl.org/dc/terms/title"
  },
  "@graph": [
    {
      "@id": "http://example.com/library",
      "@type": "Library",
      "contains": {
        "@id": "http://example.org/library/the-republic",
        "@type": "Book",
        "contains": {
          "@id": "http://example.org/library/the-republic#introduction",
          "@type": "Chapter",
          "description": "An introductory chapter on The Republic.",
          "title": "The Introduction"
        },
        "creator": "Plato",
        "title": "The Republic"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Turn JSON-LD into RDF (Turtle)

input = JSON.parse %({
  "@context": {
    "":       "http://manu.sporny.org/",
    "foaf":   "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
  },
  "@id":       "http://example.org/people#joebob",
  "@type":          "foaf:Person",
  "foaf:name":      "Joe Bob",
  "foaf:nick":      { "@list": [ "joe", "bob", "jaybe" ] }
})

graph = RDF::Graph.new << JSON::LD::API.toRdf(input)

require 'rdf/turtle'
graph.dump(:ttl, prefixes: {foaf: "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"})
@prefix foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/> .

<http://example.org/people#joebob> a foaf:Person;
   foaf:name "Joe Bob";
   foaf:nick ("joe" "bob" "jaybe") .

Turn RDF into JSON-LD

require 'rdf/turtle'
input = RDF::Graph.new << RDF::Turtle::Reader.new(%(
  @prefix foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/> .

  <http://manu.sporny.org/#me> a foaf:Person;
     foaf:knows [ a foaf:Person;
       foaf:name "Gregg Kellogg"];
     foaf:name "Manu Sporny" .
))

context = JSON.parse %({
  "@context": {
    "":       "http://manu.sporny.org/",
    "foaf":   "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
  }
})

compacted = nil
JSON::LD::API::fromRdf(input) do |expanded|
  compacted = JSON::LD::API.compact(expanded, context['@context'])
end
compacted =>
  [
    {
      "@id": "_:g70265766605380",
      "@type": ["http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Person"],
      "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name": [{"@value": "Gregg Kellogg"}]
    },
    {
      "@id": "http://manu.sporny.org/#me",
      "@type": ["http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Person"],
      "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/knows": [{"@id": "_:g70265766605380"}],
      "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name": [{"@value": "Manu Sporny"}]
    }
  ]

RDF Reader and Writer

JSON::LD also acts as a normal RDF reader and writer, using the standard RDF.rb reader/writer interfaces:

graph = RDF::Graph.load("etc/doap.jsonld", format: :jsonld)
graph.dump(:jsonld, standard_prefixes: true)

RDF::GRAPH#dump can also take a :context option to use a separately defined context

As JSON-LD may come from many different sources, included as an embedded script tag within an HTML document, the RDF Reader will strip input before the leading { or [ and after the trailing } or ].

Documentation

Full documentation available on RubyDoc

Differences from JSON-LD API

The specified JSON-LD API is based on a WebIDL definition implementing Promises intended for use within a browser. This version implements a more Ruby-like variation of this API without the use of promises or callback arguments, preferring Ruby blocks. All API methods execute synchronously, so that the return from a method can typically be used as well as a block.

Note, the API method signatures differed in versions before 1.0, in that they also had a callback parameter. And 1.0.6 has some other minor method signature differences than previous versions. This should be the only exception to the use of semantic versioning.

Principal Classes

Dependencies

Installation

The recommended installation method is via RubyGems. To install the latest official release of the JSON-LD gem, do:

% [sudo] gem install json-ld

Download

To get a local working copy of the development repository, do:

% git clone git://github.com/ruby-rdf/json-ld.git

Mailing List

Author

Contributing

  • Do your best to adhere to the existing coding conventions and idioms.
  • Don’t use hard tabs, and don’t leave trailing whitespace on any line.
  • Do document every method you add using YARD annotations. Read the tutorial or just look at the existing code for examples.
  • Don’t touch the json-ld.gemspec, VERSION or AUTHORS files. If you need to change them, do so on your private branch only.
  • Do feel free to add yourself to the CREDITS file and the corresponding list in the the README. Alphabetical order applies.
  • Do note that in order for us to merge any non-trivial changes (as a rule of thumb, additions larger than about 15 lines of code), we need an explicit public domain dedication on record from you.

License

This is free and unencumbered public domain software. For more information, see http://unlicense.org/ or the accompanying UNLICENSE file.