Montrose

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Montrose is an easy-to-use library for defining recurring events in Ruby. It uses a simple chaining system for building recurrences, inspired heavily by the design principles of HTTP.rb and rule definitions available in Recurrence.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem "montrose"

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install montrose

Why

Dealing with recurring events is hard. Montrose provides a simple interface for specifying and enumerating recurring events as Time objects for Ruby applications.

More specifically, this project intends to:

  • model recurring events in Ruby
  • embrace Ruby idioms
  • support Ruby 2.1+
  • be reasonably performant
  • serialize to yaml, hash, and ical formats
  • be suitable for integration with persistence libraries

What Montrose doesn't do:

Concepts

Montrose allows you to easily create "recurrence objects" through chaining:

# Every Monday at 10:30am
Montrose.weekly.on(:monday).at("10:30 am")
=> #<Montrose::Recurrence...>

Each chained recurrence returns a new object so they can be composed and merged. In both examples below, recurrence r4 represents 'every week on Tuesday and Thursday at noon for four occurrences'.

# Example 1 - building recurrence in succession
r1 = Montrose.every(:week)
r2 = r1.on([:tuesday, :thursday])
r3 = r2.at("12 pm")
r4 = r3.total(4)

# Example 2 - merging distinct recurrences
r1 = Montrose.every(:week)
r2 = Montrose.on([:tuesday, :thursday])
r3 = Montrose.at("12 pm")
r4 = r1.merge(r2).merge(r3).total(4)

Most recurrence methods accept additional options if you favor the hash-syntax:

Montrose.r(every: :week, on: :monday, at: "10:30 am")
=> #<Montrose::Recurrence...>

See the docs for Montrose::Chainable for more info on recurrence creation methods.

A Montrose recurrence responds to #events, which returns an Enumerator that can generate timestamps:

r = Montrose.hourly
=> #<Montrose::Recurrence...>

r.events
=> #<Enumerator:...>

r.events.take(10)
=> [2016-02-03 18:26:08 -0500,
2016-02-03 19:26:08 -0500,
2016-02-03 20:26:08 -0500,
2016-02-03 21:26:08 -0500,
2016-02-03 22:26:08 -0500,
2016-02-03 23:26:08 -0500,
2016-02-04 00:26:08 -0500,
2016-02-04 01:26:08 -0500,
2016-02-04 02:26:08 -0500,
2016-02-04 03:26:08 -0500]

Montrose recurrences are themselves enumerable:

# Every month starting a year from now on Friday the 13th for 5 occurrences
r = Montrose.monthly.starting(1.year.from_now).on(friday: 13).repeat(5)

r.map(&:to_date)
=> [Fri, 13 Oct 2017,
Fri, 13 Apr 2018,
Fri, 13 Jul 2018,
Fri, 13 Sep 2019,
Fri, 13 Dec 2019]

Conceptually, recurrences can represent an infinite sequence. When we say simply "every day", there is no implied ending. It's therefore possible to create a recurrence that can enumerate forever, so use your Enumerable methods wisely.

# Every day starting now
r = Montrose.daily

# this expression will never complete, Ctrl-c!
r.map(&:to_date)

# use `lazy` enumerator to avoid eager enumeration
r.lazy.map(&:to_date).select { |d| d.mday > 25 }.take(5).to_a
=> [Fri, 26 Feb 2016,
Sat, 27 Feb 2016,
Sun, 28 Feb 2016,
Mon, 29 Feb 2016,
Sat, 26 Mar 2016]

It's straightforward to convert a recurrence to a hash and back.

opts = Montrose::Recurrence.new(every: 10.minutes).to_h
=> {:every=>:minute, :interval=>10}

Montrose::Recurrence.new(opts).take(3)
=> [2016-02-03 19:06:07 -0500,
2016-02-03 19:16:07 -0500,
2016-02-03 19:26:07 -0500]

A recurrence object must minimally specify a frequency, e.g. :minute, :hour, :day, :week, :month, or, :year, to be viable. Otherwise, you'll see an informative error message when attempting to enumerate the recurrence.

r = Montrose.at("12pm")
=> #<Montrose::Recurrence...>
r.each
Montrose::ConfigurationError: Please specify the :every option

Usage

require "montrose"

# a new recurrence
Montrose.r
Montrose.recurrence
Montrose::Recurrence.new

# daily for 10 occurrences
Montrose.daily(total: 10)

# daily until December 23, 2015
starts = Date.new(2015, 1, 1)
ends = Date.new(2015, 12, 23)
Montrose.daily(starts: starts, until: ends)

# every other day forever
Montrose.daily(interval: 2)

# every 10 days 5 occurrences
Montrose.every(10.days, total: 5)

# everyday in January for 3 years
starts = Time.current.beginning_of_year
ends = Time.current.end_of_year + 2.years
Montrose.daily(month: :january, between: starts...ends)

# weekly for 10 occurrences
Montrose.weekly(total: 10)

# weekly until December 23, 2015
ends_on = Date.new(2015, 12, 23)
starts_on = ends_on - 15.weeks
Montrose.every(:week, until: ends_on, starts: starts_on)

# every other week forever
Montrose.every(2.weeks)

# weekly on Tuesday and Thursday for five weeks
# from September 1, 2015 until October 5, 2015
Montrose.weekly(on: [:tuesday, :thursday],
  between: Date.new(2015, 9, 1)..Date.new(2015, 10, 5))

# every other week on Monday, Wednesday and Friday until December 23 2015,
# but starting on Tuesday, September 1, 2015
Montrose.every(2.weeks,
  on: [:monday, :wednesday, :friday],
  starts: Date.new(2015, 9, 1))

# every other week on Tuesday and Thursday, for 8 occurrences
Montrose.weekly(on: [:tuesday, :thursday], total: 8, interval: 2)

# monthly on the first Friday for ten occurrences
Montrose.monthly(day: { friday: [1] }, total: 10)

# monthly on the first Friday until December 23, 2015
Montrose.every(:month, day: { friday: [1] }, until: Date.new(2016, 12, 23))

# every other month on the first and last Sunday of the month for 10 occurrences
Montrose.every(:month, day: { sunday: [1, -1] }, interval: 2, total: 10)

# monthly on the second-to-last Monday of the month for 6 months
Montrose.every(:month, day: { monday: [-2] }, total: 6)

# monthly on the third-to-the-last day of the month, forever
Montrose.every(:month, mday: [-3])

# monthly on the 2nd and 15th of the month for 10 occurrences
Montrose.every(:month, mday: [2, 15], total: 10)

# monthly on the first and last day of the month for 10 occurrences
Montrose.monthly(mday: [1, -1], total: 10)

# every 18 months on the 10th thru 15th of the month for 10 occurrences
Montrose.every(18.months, total: 10, mday: 10..15)

# every Tuesday, every other month
Montrose.every(2.months, on: :tuesday)

# yearly in June and July for 10 occurrences
Montrose.yearly(month: [:june, :july], total: 10)

# every other year on January, February, and March for 10 occurrences
Montrose.every(2.years, month: [:january, :february, :march], total: 10)

# every third year on the 1st, 100th and 200th day for 10 occurrences
Montrose.yearly(yday: [1, 100, 200], total: 10)

# every 20th Monday of the year, forever
Montrose.yearly(day: { monday: [20] })

# Monday of week number 20 forever
Montrose.yearly(week: [20], on: :monday)

# every Thursday in March, forever
Montrose.monthly(month: :march, on: :thursday, at: "12 pm")

# every Thursday, but only during June, July, and August, forever" do
Montrose.monthly(month: 6..8, on: :thursday)

# every Friday 13th, forever
Montrose.monthly(on: { friday: 13 })

# first Saturday that follows the first Sunday of the month, forever
Montrose.monthly(on: { saturday: 7..13 })

# every four years, the first Tuesday after a Monday in November, forever (U.S. Presidential Election day)
Montrose.every(4.years, month: :november, on: { tuesday: 2..8 })

# every 3 hours from 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM on a specific day
date = Date.new(2016, 9, 1)
Montrose.hourly(between: date..(date+1), hour: 9..17, interval: 3)

# every 15 minutes for 6 occurrences
Montrose.every(90.minutes, total: 6)

# every hour and a half for four occurrences
Montrose.every(90.minutes, total: 4)

# every 20 minutes from 9:00 AM to 4:40 PM every day
Montrose.every(20.minutes, hour: 9..16)

# Minutely
Montrose.minutely
Montrose.r(every: :minute)

Montrose.every(10.minutes)
Montrose.r(every: 10.minutes)
Montrose.r(every: :minute, interval: 10) # every 10 minutes

Montrose.minutely(until: "9:00 PM")
Montrose.r(every: :minute, until: "9:00 PM")

# Daily
Montrose.daily
Montrose.every(:day)
Montrose.r(every: :day)

Montrose.every(9.days)
Montrose.r(every: 9.days)
Montrose.r(every: :day, interval: 9)

Montrose.daily(at: "9:00 AM")
Montrose.every(:day, at: "9:00 AM")
Montrose.r(every: :day, at: "9:00 AM")

Montrose.daily(total: 7)
Montrose.every(:day, total: 7)
Montrose.r(every: :day, total: 7)

# Weekly
Montrose.weekly
Montrose.every(:week)
Montrose.r(every: :week)

Montrose.every(:week, on: :monday)
Montrose.every(:week, on: [:monday, :wednesday, :friday])
Montrose.every(2.weeks, on: :friday)
Montrose.every(:week, on: :friday, at: "3:41 PM")
Montrose.weekly(on: :thursday)

# Monthly by month day
Montrose.monthly(mday: 1) # first of the month
Montrose.every(:month, mday: 1)
Montrose.r(every: :month, mday: 1)

Montrose.monthly(mday: [2, 15]) # 2nd and 15th of the month
Montrose.monthly(mday: -3) # third-to-last day of the month
Montrose.monthly(mday: 10..15) # 10th through the 15th day of the month

# Monthly by week day
Montrose.monthly(day: :friday, interval: 2) # every Friday every other month
Montrose.every(:month, day: :friday, interval: 2)
Montrose.r(every: :month, day: :friday, interval: 2)

Montrose.monthly(day: { friday: [1] }) # 1st Friday of the month
Montrose.monthly(day: { sunday: [1, -1] }) # first and last Sunday of the month

Montrose.monthly(mday: 7..13, day: :saturday) # first Saturday that follow the first Sunday of the month

# Yearly
Montrose.yearly
Montrose.every(:year)
Montrose.r(every: :year)

Montrose.yearly(month: [:june, :july]) # yearly in June and July
Montrose.yearly(month: 6..8, day: :thursday) # yearly in June, July, August on Thursday
Montrose.yearly(yday: [1, 100]) # yearly on the 1st and 100th day of year

Montrose.yearly(on: { january: 31 })
Montrose.r(every: :year, on: { 10 => 31 }, interval: 3)

# Chaining
Montrose.weekly.starting(3.weeks.from_now).on(:friday)
Montrose.every(:day).at("4:05pm")
Montrose.yearly.between(Time.current..10.years.from_now)

# Enumerating events
r = Montrose.every(:month, mday: 31, until: "January 1, 2017")
r.each { |time| puts time.to_s }
r.take(10).to_a

# Merging rules
r.merge(starts: "2017-01-01").each { |time| puts time.to_s }

# Using #events Enumerator
r.events # => #<Enumerator: ...>
r.events.take(10).each { |date| puts date.to_s }
r.events.lazy.select { |time| time > 1.month.from_now }.take(3).each { |date| puts date.to_s }

Inspiration

Montrose is named after the beautifully diverse and artistic neighborhood in Houston, Texas.

Related Projects

Check out following related projects, all of which have provided inspiration for Montrose.

Development

After checking out the repo, run bin/setup to install dependencies. Then, run bin/rake to run the tests.

You can also run bin/console for an interactive prompt that will allow you to experiment.

Contributing

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at https://github.com/rossta/montrose. This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the Contributor Covenant code of conduct.

License

The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.