Module: Prawn::Graphics

Includes:
BlendMode, CapStyle, Color, Dash, JoinStyle, Patterns, Transformation, Transparency
Included in:
Document
Defined in:
lib/prawn/graphics.rb,
lib/prawn/graphics/dash.rb,
lib/prawn/graphics/color.rb,
lib/prawn/graphics/patterns.rb,
lib/prawn/graphics/cap_style.rb,
lib/prawn/graphics/join_style.rb,
lib/prawn/graphics/blend_mode.rb,
lib/prawn/graphics/transparency.rb,
lib/prawn/graphics/transformation.rb

Overview

Implements the drawing facilities for Prawn::Document. Use this to draw the most beautiful imaginable things.

This file lifts and modifies several of PDF::Writer's graphics functions ruby-pdf.rubyforge.org

Defined Under Namespace

Modules: BlendMode, CapStyle, Color, Dash, JoinStyle, Patterns, Transformation, Transparency

Constant Summary

KAPPA =

This constant is used to approximate a symmetrical arc using a cubic Bezier curve.

4.0 * ((Math.sqrt(2) - 1.0) / 3.0)

Constants included from JoinStyle

JoinStyle::JOIN_STYLES

Constants included from CapStyle

CapStyle::CAP_STYLES

Stable API collapse

Methods included from Patterns

#fill_gradient, #stroke_gradient

Methods included from Transformation

#rotate, #scale, #transformation_matrix, #translate

Methods included from Transparency

#transparent

Methods included from JoinStyle

#join_style

Methods included from CapStyle

#cap_style

Methods included from Dash

#dash, #dashed?, #undash

Methods included from Color

#fill_color, hex2rgb, rgb2hex, #stroke_color

Methods included from BlendMode

#blend_mode

Instance Method Details

#circle(center, radius) ⇒ Object

Draws a circle of radius radius with the centre-point at point as a complete subpath. The drawing point will be moved to the centre-point upon completion of the drawing the circle.

pdf.circle [100,100], 25


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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 195

def circle(center, radius)
  ellipse(center, radius, radius)
end

#close_and_strokeObject

Closes and strokes the current path. If a block is provided, yields to the block before closing the path. See Graphics::Color for color details.



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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 286

def close_and_stroke
  yield if block_given?
  renderer.add_content "s"
end

#close_pathObject

Closes the current path.



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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 387

def close_path
  renderer.add_content "h"
end

#curve(origin, dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Draws a Bezier curve between two points, bounded by two additional points

pdf.curve [50,100], [100,100], :bounds => [[90,90],[75,75]]


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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 179

def curve(origin, dest, options = {})
  move_to(*origin)
  curve_to(dest, options)
end

#curve_to(dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Draws a Bezier curve from the current drawing position to the specified point, bounded by two additional points.

pdf.curve_to [100,100], :bounds => [[90,90],[75,75]]


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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 68

def curve_to(dest, options = {})
  options[:bounds] or fail Prawn::Errors::InvalidGraphicsPath,
                           "Bounding points for bezier curve must be specified " \
                           "as :bounds => [[x1,y1],[x2,y2]]"

  curve_points = PDF::Core.real_params(
    (options[:bounds] << dest).flat_map { |e| map_to_absolute(e) }
  )

  renderer.add_content("#{curve_points} c")
end

#ellipse(point, r1, r2 = r1) ⇒ Object

Draws an ellipse of x radius r1 and y radius r2 with the centre-point at point as a complete subpath. The drawing point will be moved to the centre-point upon completion of the drawing the ellipse.

# draws an ellipse with x-radius 25 and y-radius 50
pdf.ellipse [100,100], 25, 50


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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 207

def ellipse(point, r1, r2 = r1)
  x, y = point
  l1 = r1 * KAPPA
  l2 = r2 * KAPPA

  move_to(x + r1, y)

  # Upper right hand corner
  curve_to [x,  y + r2],
           :bounds => [[x + r1, y + l2], [x + l1, y + r2]]

  # Upper left hand corner
  curve_to [x - r1, y],
           :bounds => [[x - l1, y + r2], [x - r1, y + l2]]

  # Lower left hand corner
  curve_to [x, y - r2],
           :bounds => [[x - r1, y - l2], [x - l1, y - r2]]

  # Lower right hand corner
  curve_to [x + r1, y],
           :bounds => [[x + l1, y - r2], [x + r1, y - l2]]

  move_to(x, y)
end

#fill(options = {}) ⇒ Object

Closes and fills the current path. See Graphics::Color for color details.

If the option :fill_rule => :even_odd is specified, Prawn will use the even-odd rule to fill the path. Otherwise, the nonzero winding number rule will be used. See the PDF reference, “Graphics -> Path Construction and Painting -> Clipping Path Operators” for details on the difference.



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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 366

def fill(options = {})
  yield if block_given?
  renderer.add_content(options[:fill_rule] == :even_odd ? "f*" : "f")
end

#fill_and_stroke(options = {}) ⇒ Object

Closes, fills, and strokes the current path. If a block is provided, yields to the block before closing the path. See Graphics::Color for color details.

If the option :fill_rule => :even_odd is specified, Prawn will use the even-odd rule to fill the path. Otherwise, the nonzero winding number rule will be used. See the PDF reference, “Graphics -> Path Construction and Painting -> Clipping Path Operators” for details on the difference.



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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 380

def fill_and_stroke(options = {})
  yield if block_given?
  renderer.add_content(options[:fill_rule] == :even_odd ? "b*" : "b")
end

#horizontal_line(x1, x2, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Draws a horizontal line from x1 to x2 at the current y position, or the position specified by the :at option.

# draw a line from [25, 75] to [100, 75]
horizontal_line 25, 100, :at => 75


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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 148

def horizontal_line(x1, x2, options = {})
  if options[:at]
    y1 = options[:at]
  else
    y1 = y - bounds.absolute_bottom
  end

  line(x1, y1, x2, y1)
end

#horizontal_ruleObject

Draws a horizontal line from the left border to the right border of the bounding box at the current y position.



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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 161

def horizontal_rule
  horizontal_line(bounds.left, bounds.right)
end

#line(*points) ⇒ Object

Draws a line from one point to another. Points may be specified as tuples or flattened argument list:

pdf.line [100,100], [200,250]
pdf.line(100,100,200,250)


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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 136

def line(*points)
  x0, y0, x1, y1 = points.flatten
  move_to(x0, y0)
  line_to(x1, y1)
end

#line_to(*point) ⇒ Object

Draws a line from the current drawing position to the specified point. The destination may be described as a tuple or a flattened list:

pdf.line_to [50,50]
pdf.line_to(50,50)


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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 58

def line_to(*point)
  xy = PDF::Core.real_params(map_to_absolute(point))
  renderer.add_content("#{xy} l")
end

#line_width(width = nil) ⇒ Object

When called without an argument, returns the current line thickness. When called with an argument, sets the line thickness to the specified value (in PDF points)

pdf.line_width #=> 1
pdf.line_width(5)
pdf.line_width #=> 5


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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 122

def line_width(width = nil)
  if width
    self.line_width = width
  else
    current_line_width
  end
end

#line_width=(width) ⇒ Object

Sets line thickness to the width specified.



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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 109

def line_width=(width)
  self.current_line_width = width
  write_line_width
end

#move_to(*point) ⇒ Object

Moves the drawing position to a given point. The point can be specified as a tuple or a flattened argument list

pdf.move_to [100,50]
pdf.move_to(100,50)


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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 47

def move_to(*point)
  xy = PDF::Core.real_params(map_to_absolute(point))
  renderer.add_content("#{xy} m")
end

#polygon(*points) ⇒ Object

Draws a polygon from the specified points.

# draws a snazzy triangle
pdf.polygon [100,100], [100,200], [200,200]


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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 238

def polygon(*points)
  move_to points[0]
  (points[1..-1] << points[0]).each do |point|
    line_to(*point)
  end
  # close the path
  renderer.add_content "h"
end

#rectangle(point, width, height) ⇒ Object

Draws a rectangle given point, width and height. The rectangle is bounded by its upper-left corner.

pdf.rectangle [300,300], 100, 200


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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 85

def rectangle(point, width, height)
  x, y = map_to_absolute(point)
  box = PDF::Core.real_params([x, y - height, width, height])

  renderer.add_content("#{box} re")
end

#rounded_polygon(radius, *points) ⇒ Object

Draws a rounded polygon from specified points using the radius to define bezier curves

# draws a rounded filled in polygon
 pdf.fill_and_stroke_rounded_polygon(10, [100, 250], [200, 300], [300, 250],
               [300, 150], [200, 100], [100, 150])


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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 252

def rounded_polygon(radius, *points)
  move_to point_on_line(radius, points[1], points[0])
  sides = points.size
  points << points[0] << points[1]
  (sides).times do |i|
    rounded_vertex(radius, points[i], points[i + 1], points[i + 2])
  end
  # close the path
  renderer.add_content "h"
end

#rounded_rectangle(point, width, height, radius) ⇒ Object

Draws a rounded rectangle given point, width and height and radius for the rounded corner. The rectangle is bounded by its upper-left corner.

pdf.rounded_rectangle [300,300], 100, 200, 10


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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 98

def rounded_rectangle(point, width, height, radius)
  x, y = point
  rounded_polygon(radius, point, [x + width, y], [x + width, y - height], [x, y - height])
end

#rounded_vertex(radius, *points) ⇒ Object

Creates a rounded vertex for a line segment used for building a rounded polygon requires a radius to define bezier curve and three points. The first two points define the line segment and the third point helps define the curve for the vertex.



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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 266

def rounded_vertex(radius, *points)
  radial_point_1 = point_on_line(radius, points[0], points[1])
  bezier_point_1 = point_on_line((radius - radius * KAPPA), points[0], points[1])
  radial_point_2 = point_on_line(radius, points[2], points[1])
  bezier_point_2 = point_on_line((radius - radius * KAPPA), points[2], points[1])
  line_to(radial_point_1)
  curve_to(radial_point_2, :bounds => [bezier_point_1, bezier_point_2])
end

#strokeObject

Strokes the current path. If a block is provided, yields to the block before closing the path. See Graphics::Color for color details.



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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 278

def stroke
  yield if block_given?
  renderer.add_content "S"
end

#stroke_axis(options = {}) ⇒ Object

Draws and strokes X and Y axes rulers beginning at the current bounding box origin (or at a custom location).

Options

:at

Origin of the X and Y axes (default: [0, 0] = origin of the bounding box)

:width

Length of the X axis (default: width of the bounding box)

:height

Length of the Y axis (default: height of the bounding box)

:step_length

Length of the step between markers (default: 100)

:negative_axes_length

Length of the negative parts of the axes (default: 20)

:color:

The color of the axes and the text.


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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 321

def stroke_axis(options = {})
  options = {
    :at => [0, 0],
    :height => bounds.height.to_i - (options[:at] || [0, 0])[1],
    :width => bounds.width.to_i - (options[:at] || [0, 0])[0],
    :step_length => 100,
    :negative_axes_length => 20,
    :color => "000000"
  }.merge(options)

  Prawn.verify_options([:at, :width, :height, :step_length,
                        :negative_axes_length, :color], options)

  save_graphics_state do
    fill_color(options[:color])
    stroke_color(options[:color])

    dash(1, :space => 4)
    stroke_horizontal_line(options[:at][0] - options[:negative_axes_length],
                           options[:at][0] + options[:width], :at => options[:at][1])
    stroke_vertical_line(options[:at][1] - options[:negative_axes_length],
                         options[:at][1] + options[:height], :at => options[:at][0])
    undash

    fill_circle(options[:at], 1)

    (options[:step_length]..options[:width]).step(options[:step_length]) do |point|
      fill_circle([options[:at][0] + point, options[:at][1]], 1)
      draw_text(point, :at => [options[:at][0] + point - 5, options[:at][1] - 10], :size => 7)
    end

    (options[:step_length]..options[:height]).step(options[:step_length]) do |point|
      fill_circle([options[:at][0], options[:at][1] + point], 1)
      draw_text(point, :at => [options[:at][0] - 17, options[:at][1] + point - 2], :size => 7)
    end
  end
end

#stroke_boundsObject

Draws and strokes a rectangle represented by the current bounding box



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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 293

def stroke_bounds
  stroke_rectangle bounds.top_left, bounds.width, bounds.height
end

#vertical_line(y1, y2, params) ⇒ Object

Draws a vertical line at the x cooordinate given by :at from y1 to y2.

# draw a line from [25, 100] to [25, 300]
vertical_line 100, 300, :at => 25


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# File 'lib/prawn/graphics.rb', line 170

def vertical_line(y1, y2, params)
  line(params[:at], y1, params[:at], y2)
end