Spidr

Description

Spidr is a versatile Ruby web spidering library that can spider a site, multiple domains, certain links or infinitely. Spidr is designed to be fast and easy to use.

Features

  • Follows:
    • a tags.
    • iframe tags.
    • frame tags.
    • Cookie protected links.
    • HTTP 300, 301, 302, 303 and 307 Redirects.
    • Meta-Refresh Redirects.
    • HTTP Basic Auth protected links.
  • Black-list or white-list URLs based upon:
    • URL scheme.
    • Host name
    • Port number
    • Full link
    • URL extension
  • Provides call-backs for:
    • Every visited Page.
    • Every visited URL.
    • Every visited URL that matches a specified pattern.
    • Every origin and destination URI of a link.
    • Every URL that failed to be visited.
  • Provides action methods to:
    • Pause spidering.
    • Skip processing of pages.
    • Skip processing of links.
  • Restore the spidering queue and history from a previous session.
  • Custom User-Agent strings.
  • Custom proxy settings.
  • HTTPS support.

Examples

Start spidering from a URL:

Spidr.start_at('http://tenderlovemaking.com/')

Spider a host:

Spidr.host('coderrr.wordpress.com')

Spider a site:

Spidr.site('http://rubyflow.com/')

Spider multiple hosts:

Spidr.start_at(
  'http://company.com/',
  :hosts => [
    'company.com',
    /host\d\.company\.com/
  ]
)

Do not spider certain links:

Spidr.site('http://matasano.com/', :ignore_links => [/log/])

Do not spider links on certain ports:

Spidr.site(
  'http://sketchy.content.com/',
  :ignore_ports => [8000, 8010, 8080]
)

Print out visited URLs:

Spidr.site('http://rubyinside.org/') do |spider|
  spider.every_url { |url| puts url }
end

Build a URL map of a site:

url_map = Hash.new { |hash,key| hash[key] = [] }

Spidr.site('http://intranet.com/') do |spider|
  spider.every_link do |origin,dest|
    url_map[dest] << origin
  end
end

Print out the URLs that could not be requested:

Spidr.site('http://sketchy.content.com/') do |spider|
  spider.every_failed_url { |url| puts url }
end

Finds all pages which have broken links:

url_map = Hash.new { |hash,key| hash[key] = [] }

spider = Spidr.site('http://intranet.com/') do |spider|
  spider.every_link do |origin,dest|
    url_map[dest] << origin
  end
end

spider.failures.each do |url|
  puts "Broken link #{url} found in:"

  url_map[url].each { |page| puts "  #{page}" }
end

Search HTML and XML pages:

Spidr.site('http://company.withablog.com/') do |spider|
  spider.every_page do |page|
    puts "[-] #{page.url}"

    page.search('//meta').each do |meta|
      name = (meta.attributes['name'] || meta.attributes['http-equiv'])
      value = meta.attributes['content']

      puts "    #{name} = #{value}"
    end
  end
end

Print out the titles from every page:

Spidr.site('http://www.rubypulse.com/') do |spider|
  spider.every_html_page do |page|
    puts page.title
  end
end

Find what kinds of web servers a host is using, by accessing the headers:

servers = Set[]

Spidr.host('generic.company.com') do |spider|
  spider.all_headers do |headers|
    servers << headers['server']
  end
end

Pause the spider on a forbidden page:

spider = Spidr.host('overnight.startup.com') do |spider|
  spider.every_forbidden_page do |page|
    spider.pause!
  end
end

Skip the processing of a page:

Spidr.host('sketchy.content.com') do |spider|
  spider.every_missing_page do |page|
    spider.skip_page!
  end
end

Skip the processing of links:

Spidr.host('sketchy.content.com') do |spider|
  spider.every_url do |url|
    if url.path.split('/').find { |dir| dir.to_i > 1000 }
      spider.skip_link!
    end
  end
end

Requirements

Install

$ gem install spidr

License

Copyright (c) 2008-2014 Hal Brodigan

See LICENSE for license information.