scrypt

The scrypt key derivation function is designed to be far more secure against hardware brute-force attacks than alternative functions such as PBKDF2 or bcrypt.

Why you should use scrypt

The designers of scrypt estimate that on modern (2009) hardware, if 5 seconds are spent computing a derived key, the cost of a hardware brute-force attack against scrypt is roughly 4000 times greater than the cost of a similar attack against bcrypt (to find the same password), and 20000 times greater than a similar attack against PBKDF2.

How to install scrypt

gem install scrypt

How to use scrypt

It works pretty similarly to ruby-bcrypt with a few minor differences, especially where the cost factor is concerned.

include “scrypt”

# hash a user's password @password = Password.create(“my grand secret”) @password #=> “2000$8$1$f5f2fa5fe5484a7091f1299768fbe92b5a7fbc77$6a385f22c54d92c314b71a4fd5ef33967c93d679”

# store it safely @user.update_attribute(:password, @password)

# read it back @user.reload! @db_password = Password.new(@user.password)

# compare it after retrieval @db_password == “my grand secret” #=> true @db_password == “a paltry guess” #=> false

Password.create takes three options which will determine the cost limits of the computation.

  • :max_time specifies the maximum number of seconds the computation should take.

  • :max_mem specifies the maximum number of bytes the computation should take. A value of 0 specifies no upper limit. The minimum is always 1 MB.

  • :max_memfrac specifies the maximum memory in a fraction of available resources to use. Any value equal to 0 or greater than 0.5 will result in 0.5 being used.

Default options will result in calculation time of approx. 200 ms with 1 MB memory use.