opal-jquery: jQuery Wrapper For Opal

Build Status

opal-jquery provides DOM access to opal by wrapping jQuery (or zepto) and providing a nice ruby syntax for dealing with jQuery instances.

See the Opal website for documentation.

Installation

Install opal-jquery from RubyGems:

$ gem install opal-jquery

Or include it in your Gemfile for Bundler:

gem 'opal-jquery'

Running Specs

Get the dependencies:

$ bundle install

Browser

You can run the specs in any web browser, by running the config.ru rack file:

$ bundle exec rackup

And then visiting http://localhost:9292 in any web browser.

Phantomjs

You will need phantomjs to run the specs outside the browser. It can be downloaded at http://phantomjs.org/download.html

On osx you can install through homebrew

$ brew update; brew install phantomjs

Run the tests inside a phantom.js runner:

$ bundle exec rake

Zepto

opal-jquery also supports zepto. To run specs for zepto use the rake task:

$ bundle exec rake zepto

Getting Started

Usage

opal-jquery can now be easily added to your opal application sources using a standard require:

# app/application.rb
require 'opal'
require 'jquery'
require 'opal-jquery'

alert "Hello from jquery + opal"

Note: this file requires two important dependencies, jquery and opal-jquery. You need to bring your own jquery.js file as the gem does not include one. If you are using the asset pipeline with rails, then this should be available already, otherwise download a copy and place it into app/ or whichever directory you are compiling assets from. You can alternatively require a zepto instance.

The #alert method is provided by opal-jquery. If the message displays, then jquery support should be working.

How does opal-jquery work

opal-jquery provides an Element class, whose instances are toll-free bridged instances of jquery objects. Just like ruby arrays are just javascript arrays, Element instances are just jquery objects. This makes interaction with jquery plugins much easier.

Also, Element will try to bridge with Zepto if it cannot find jQuery loaded, making it ideal for mobile applications as well.

Interacting with the DOM

Finding Elements

opal-jquery provides the Element class, which can be used to find elements in the current document:

Element.find('#header')

Element.find is aliased to Element[]:

Element['.my-class']

These methods acts just like $('selector'), and can use any jQuery compatible selector:

Element.find('#navigation li:last')

The result is just a jQuery instance, which is toll-free bridged to instances of the Element class in ruby:

Element.find('.foo').class
# => Element

Instances of Element also have the #find method available for finding elements within the scope of each DOM node represented by the instance:

el = Element.find('#header')
el.find '.foo'
# => #<Element .... >

Running code on document ready

Just like jQuery, opal-jquery requires the document to be ready to be able to fully interact with the page. Any top level access should use the ready? method:

Document.ready? do
  alert "document is ready to go!"
end

The Kernel#alert method is shown above too.

Event handling

The Element#on method is used to attach event handlers to elements:

Element.find('#header').on :click do
  puts "The header was clicked!"
end

Selectors can also be passed as a second argument to handle events on certain children:

Element.find('#header').on(:click, '.foo') do
  puts "An element with a 'foo' class was clicked"
end

An Event instance is optionally passed to block handlers as well, which is toll-free bridged to jquery events:

Element.find('#my_link').on(:click) do |evt|
  evt.stop_propagation
  puts "stopped the event!"
end

You can access the element which triggered the event by #current_target.

Document.on :click do |evt|
  puts "clicked on: #{evt.current_target}"
end

CSS styles and classnames

The various jQuery methods are available on Element instances:

foo = Element.find('.foo')

foo.add_class 'blue'
foo.remove_class 'foo'
foo.toggle_class 'selected'

There are also added convenience methods for opal-jquery:

foo = Element.find('#header')

foo.class_name
# => 'red lorry'

foo.class_name = 'yellow house'

foo.class_name
# => 'yellow house'

Element#css also exists for getting/setting css styles:

el = Element.find('#container')
el.css 'color', 'blue'
el.css 'color'
# => 'blue'

HTTP/AJAX requests

jQuery's Ajax implementation is also wrapped in the top level HTTP class.

HTTP.get("/users/1.json") do |response|
  puts response.body
  # => "{\"name\": \"Adam Beynon\"}"
end

The block passed to this method is used as the handler when the request succeeds, as well as when it fails. To determine whether the request was successful, use the ok? method:

HTTP.get("/users/2.json") do |response|
  if response.ok?
    alert "successful!"
  else
    alert "request failed :("
  end
end

It is also possible to use a different handler for each case:

request = HTTP.get("/users/3.json")

request.callback {
  puts "Request worked!"
}

request.errback {
  puts "Request didn't work :("
}

The request is actually triggered inside the HTTP.get method, but due to the async nature of the request, the callback and errback handlers can be added anytime before the request returns.

Handling responses

Web apps deal with JSON responses quite frequently, so there is a useful #json helper method to get the JSON content from a request:

HTTP.get("/users.json") do |response|
  puts response.body
  puts response.json
end

# => "[{\"name\": \"Adam\"},{\"name\": \"Ben\"}]"
# => [{"name" => "Adam"}, {"name" => "Ben"}]

The #body method will always return the raw response string.

If an error is encountered, then the #status_code method will hold the specific error code from the underlying request:

request = HTTP.get("/users/3.json")

request.callback { puts "it worked!" }

request.errback { |response|
  puts "failed with status #{response.status_code}"
}

License

(The MIT License)

Copyright (C) 2013 by Adam Beynon

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.