Please ask questions on Stack Overflow using the "friendly-id" tag. Prior to asking, search and see if your question has already been answered.
Please only post issues in Github issues for actual bugs.
I am asking people to do this because the same questions keep getting asked over and over and over again in the issues.
For the most complete, user-friendly documentation, see the FriendlyId Guide.
FriendlyId is the "Swiss Army bulldozer" of slugging and permalink plugins for Active Record. It lets you create pretty URLs and work with human-friendly strings as if they were numeric ids.
With FriendlyId, it's easy to make your application use URLs like:
FriendlyId offers many advanced features, including: slug history and versioning, i18n, scoped slugs, reserved words, and custom slug generators.
What Changed in Version 5.1
5.1 is a bugfix release, but bumps the minor version because some applications may be dependent on the previously buggy behavior. The changes include:
- Blank strings can no longer be used as slugs.
- When the first slug candidate is rejected because it is reserved, additional candidates will now be considered before marking the record as invalid.
:findersmodule is now compatible with Rails 4.2.
What Changed in Version 5.0
As of version 5.0, FriendlyId uses semantic versioning. Therefore, as you might infer from the version number, 5.0 introduces changes incompatible with 4.0.
The most important changes are:
Finders are no longer overridden by default. If you want to do friendly finds, you must do
Model.find. You can however restore FriendlyId 4-style finders by using the
friendly_id :foo, use: :slugged # you must do MyClass.friendly.find('bar') # or... friendly_id :foo, use: [:slugged, :finders] # you can now do MyClass.find('bar')
A new "candidates" functionality which makes it easy to set up a list of alternate slugs that can be used to uniquely distinguish records, rather than appending a sequence. For example:
class Restaurant < ActiveRecord::Base extend friendly_id :slug_candidates, use: :slugged # Try building a slug based on the following fields in # increasing order of specificity. def slug_candidates [ :name, [:name, :city], [:name, :street, :city], [:name, :street_number, :street, :city] ] end end
Now that candidates have been added, FriendlyId no longer uses a numeric sequence to differentiate conflicting slug, but rather a UUID (e.g. something like
2bc08962-b3dd-4f29-b2e6-244710c86106). This makes the codebase simpler and more reliable when running concurrently, at the expense of uglier ids being generated when there are conflicts.
The default sequence separator has been changed from two dashes to one dash.
Slugs are no longer regenerated when a record is saved. If you want to regenerate a slug, you must explicitly set the slug column to nil:
restaurant.friendly_id # joes-diner restaurant.name = "The Plaza Diner" restaurant.save! restaurant.friendly_id # joes-diner restaurant.slug = nil restaurant.save! restaurant.friendly_id # the-plaza-diner
You can restore some of the old behavior by overriding the
friendly_idRails generator now generates an initializer showing you how to do some common global configuration.
The Globalize plugin has moved to a separate gem (currently in alpha).
:reservedmodule no longer includes any default reserved words. Previously it blocked "edit" and "new" everywhere. The default word list has been moved to
config/initializers/friendly_id.rband now includes many more words.
:scopedaddons can now be used together.
Since it now requires Rails 4, FriendlyId also now requires Ruby 1.9.3 or higher.
Upgrading from FriendlyId 4.0
rails generate friendly_id --skip-migration and edit the initializer
config/initializers/friendly_id.rb. This file contains notes
describing how to restore (or not) some of the defaults from FriendlyId 4.0.
If you want to use the
:scoped addons together, you must add a
:scope column to your friendly_id_slugs table and replace the unique index on
:sluggable_type with a unique index on those two columns, plus
A migration like this should be sufficient:
add_column :friendly_id_slugs, :scope, :string remove_index :friendly_id_slugs, [:slug, :sluggable_type] add_index :friendly_id_slugs, [:slug, :sluggable_type] add_index :friendly_id_slugs, [:slug, :sluggable_type, :scope], unique: true
The most current docs from the master branch can always be found here.
Docs for older versions are also available:
The best place to start is with the Guide, which compiles the top-level RDocs into one outlined document.
For a getting started video, you may want to watch GoRails #9
You might also want to watch Ryan Bates's Railscast on FriendlyId, which is now somewhat outdated but still relevant.
rails new my_app cd my_app
# Gemfile gem 'friendly_id', '~> 5.1.0' # Note: You MUST use 5.0.0 or greater for Rails 4.0+
rails generate friendly_id
Temp solution for Rails 5.1+ : Before running the migration, go into the generated migration file and specify the Rails version:
class CreateFriendlyIdSlugs < ActiveRecord::Migration[5.1]
rails generate scaffold user name:string slug:string:uniq rake db:migrate
# edit app/models/user.rb class User < ApplicationRecord extend friendly_id :name, use: :slugged end
User.create! name: "Joe Schmoe"
Change User.find to User.friendly.find in your controller
```shell rails server GET http://localhost:3000/users/joe-schmoe
# If you're adding FriendlyId to an existing app and need # to generate slugs for existing users, do this from the # console, runner, or add a Rake task: User.find_each(&:save)
The latest benchmarks for FriendlyId are maintained here.
Please report them on the Github issue tracker for this project.
If you have a bug to report, please include the following information:
- Version information for FriendlyId, Rails and Ruby.
- Full stack trace and error message (if you have them).
- Any snippets of relevant model, view or controller code that shows how you are using FriendlyId.
If you are able to, it helps even more if you can fork FriendlyId on Github, and add a test that reproduces the error you are experiencing.
For more info on how to report bugs, please see this article.
Thanks and Credits
FriendlyId was originally created by Norman Clarke and Adrian Mugnolo, with significant help early in its life by Emilio Tagua. It is now maintained by Norman Clarke and Philip Arndt.
We're deeply grateful for the generous contributions over the years from many volunteers.
Copyright (c) 2008-2016 Norman Clarke and contributors, released under the MIT license.
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.