Sidekiq Scheduler

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sidekiq-scheduler is an extension to Sidekiq that pushes jobs in a scheduled way, mimicking cron utility.

Installation

gem install sidekiq-scheduler

Usage

Hello World

# hello-scheduler.rb

require 'sidekiq-scheduler'

class HelloWorld
  include Sidekiq::Worker

  def perform
    puts 'Hello world'
  end
end
# config/sidekiq.yml

:schedule:
  hello_world:
    every: 1m   # Runs once per minute
    class: HelloWorld

Run sidekiq:

sidekiq -r ./hello-scheduler.rb

You'll see the following output:

2016-12-10T11:53:08.561Z 6452 TID-ovouhwvm4 INFO: Loading Schedule
2016-12-10T11:53:08.561Z 6452 TID-ovouhwvm4 INFO: Scheduling HelloWorld {"cron"=>"0 * * * * *", "class"=>"HelloWorld"}
2016-12-10T11:53:08.562Z 6452 TID-ovouhwvm4 INFO: Schedules Loaded

2016-12-10T11:54:00.212Z 6452 TID-ovoulivew HelloWorld JID-b35f36a562733fcc5e58444d INFO: start
Hello world
2016-12-10T11:54:00.213Z 6452 TID-ovoulivew HelloWorld JID-b35f36a562733fcc5e58444d INFO: done: 0.001 sec

2016-12-10T11:55:00.287Z 6452 TID-ovoulist0 HelloWorld JID-b7e2b244c258f3cd153c2494 INFO: start
Hello world
2016-12-10T11:55:00.287Z 6452 TID-ovoulist0 HelloWorld JID-b7e2b244c258f3cd153c2494 INFO: done: 0.001 sec

Configuration options

Configuration options are placed inside sidekiq.yml config file.

Available options are:

:dynamic: <if true the schedule can be modified in runtime [false by default]>
:enabled: <enables scheduler if true [true by default]>
:scheduler:
  :listened_queues_only: <push jobs whose queue is being listened by sidekiq [false by default]>

Schedule configuration

The schedule is configured through the :schedule config entry in the sidekiq config file:

:schedule:
  CancelAbandonedOrders:
    every: 5m             # runs every 5 minutes, job's class: CancelAbandonedOrders

  queue_documents_for_indexing:
    every: 1h    # runs every 1 hour

    # By default the job name will be taken as worker class name.
    # If you want to have a different job name and class name, provide the 'class' option
    class: QueueDocuments

    queue: slow
    args: ['*.pdf']
    description: "This job queues pdf content for indexing in solr"

    # Enable the `metadata` argument which will pass a Hash containing the schedule metadata
    # as the last argument of the `perform` method. `false` by default.
    include_metadata: true

    # Enable / disable a job. All jobs are enabled by default.
    enabled: true

Schedule metadata

You can configure Sidekiq-scheduler to pass an argument with metadata about the scheduling process to the worker's perform method.

In the configuration file add the following on each worker class entry:


  SampleWorker:
    include_metadata: true

On your perform method, expect an additional argument:

  def perform(args, ..., metadata)
    # Do something with the metadata
  end

The metadata hash contains the following keys:

  metadata.keys =>
    [
      :scheduled_at # The epoch when the job was scheduled to run
    ]

Schedule types

Supported types are cron, every, interval, at, in.

Cron, every, and interval types push jobs into sidekiq in a recurrent manner.

cron follows the same pattern as cron utility, with seconds resolution.

:schedule:
  HelloWorld:
    cron: '0 * * * * *' # Runs when second = 0

every triggers following a given frequency:

    every: '45m'    # Runs every 45 minutes

interval is similar to every, the difference between them is that interval type schedules the next execution after the interval has elapsed counting from its last job enqueue.

At, and in types push jobs only once. at schedules in a point in time:

    at: '3001/01/01'

You can specify any string that DateTime.parse and Chronic understand. To enable Chronic strings, you must add it as a dependency.

in triggers after a time duration has elapsed:

    in: 1h # pushes a sidekiq job in 1 hour, after start-up

You can provide options to every or cron via an Array:

    every: ['30s', first_in: '120s']

See https://github.com/jmettraux/rufus-scheduler for more information.

Load the schedule from a different file

You can place the schedule configuration in a separate file from config/sidekiq.yml

# sidekiq_scheduler.yml

clear_leaderboards_contributors:
  cron: '0 30 6 * * 1'
  class: ClearLeaderboards
  queue: low
  args: contributors
  description: 'This job resets the weekly leaderboard for contributions'

Please notice that the schedule root key is not present in the separate file.

To load the schedule:

require 'sidekiq'
require 'sidekiq/scheduler'

Sidekiq.configure_server do |config|
  config.on(:startup) do
    Sidekiq.schedule = YAML.load_file(File.expand_path('../../sidekiq_scheduler.yml', __FILE__))
    Sidekiq::Scheduler.reload_schedule!
  end
end

The above code can be placed in an initializer (in config/initializers) that runs every time the app starts up.

Dynamic schedule

The schedule can be modified after startup. To add / update a schedule, you have to:

Sidekiq.set_schedule('heartbeat', { 'every' => ['1m'], 'class' => 'HeartbeatWorker' })

If the schedule did not exist it will be created, if it existed it will be updated.

When :dynamic flag is set to true, schedule changes are loaded every 5 seconds.

# config/sidekiq.yml
:dynamic: true

If :dynamic flag is set to false, you'll have to reload the schedule manually in sidekiq side:

Sidekiq::Scheduler.reload_schedule!

Invoke Sidekiq.get_schedule to obtain the current schedule:

Sidekiq.get_schedule
#  => { 'every' => '1m', 'class' => 'HardWorker' }

Time zones

Note that if you use the cron syntax, this will be interpreted as in the server time zone rather than the config.time_zone specified in Rails.

You can explicitly specify the time zone that rufus-scheduler will use:

    cron: '0 30 6 * * 1 Europe/Stockholm'

Also note that config.time_zone in Rails allows for a shorthand (e.g. "Stockholm") that rufus-scheduler does not accept. If you write code to set the scheduler time zone from the config.time_zone value, make sure it's the right format, e.g. with:

ActiveSupport::TimeZone.find_tzinfo(Rails.configuration.time_zone).name

Sidekiq Web Integration

sidekiq-scheduler provides an extension to the Sidekiq web interface that adds a Recurring Jobs page.

# config.ru

require 'sidekiq/web'
require 'sidekiq-scheduler'
require 'sidekiq-scheduler/web'

app = Rack::Builder.new {
  run Sidekiq::Web
}.to_app

Rack::Handler::WEBrick.run app

The Spring preloader and Testing your initializer via Rails console

If you're pulling in your schedule from a YML file via an initializer as shown, be aware that the Spring application preloader included with Rails will interefere with testing via the Rails console.

Spring will not reload initializers unless the initializer is changed. Therefore, if you're making a change to your YML schedule file and reloading Rails console to see the change, Spring will make it seem like your modified schedule is not being reloaded.

To see your updated schedule, be sure to reload Spring by stopping it prior to booting the Rails console.

Run spring stop to stop Spring.

For more information, see this issue and Spring's README.

Manage tasks from Unicorn/Rails server

If you want start sidekiq-scheduler only from Unicorn/Rails, but not from sidekiq you can have something like this in an initializer:

# config/initializers/sidekiq_scheduler.rb
require 'sidekiq/scheduler'

puts "Sidekiq.server? is #{Sidekiq.server?.inspect}"
puts "defined?(Rails::Server) is #{defined?(Rails::Server).inspect}"
puts "defined?(Unicorn) is #{defined?(Unicorn).inspect}"

if Rails.env == 'production' && (defined?(Rails::Server) || defined?(Unicorn))
  Sidekiq.configure_server do |config|

    config.on(:startup) do
      Sidekiq.schedule = YAML.load_file(File.expand_path('../../scheduler.yml', __FILE__))
      Sidekiq::Scheduler.reload_schedule!
    end
  end
else
  Sidekiq::Scheduler.enabled = false
  puts "Sidekiq::Scheduler.enabled is #{Sidekiq::Scheduler.enabled.inspect}"
end

License

MIT License

Copyright

Copyright 2013 - 2017 Moove-IT. Copyright 2012 Morton Jonuschat. Some parts copyright 2010 Ben VandenBos.