rspec-html-matchers

RSpec 3 matchers for testing your html (for RSpec 2 use 0.5.x version).

Gem Version Build Status

Goals

Install

Add to your Gemfile in the :test group:

gem 'rspec-html-matchers'

as this gem requires nokogiri, here instructions for installing it.

Usage

so perharps your code produces following output:

<h1>Simple Form</h1>
<form action="/users" method="post">
<p>
  <input type="email" name="user[email]" />
</p>
<p>
  <input type="submit" id="special_submit" />
</p>
</form>

so you test it with following:

expect(rendered).to have_tag('form', :with => { :action => '/users', :method => 'post' }) do
  with_tag "input", :with => { :name => "user[email]", :type => 'email' }
  with_tag "input#special_submit", :count => 1
  without_tag "h1", :text => 'unneeded tag'
  without_tag "p",  :text => /content/i
end

Example about should be self-descriptive, but if not refer to have_tag documentation

Input could be any html string. Let's take a look at these examples:

  • matching tags by css:
  # simple examples:
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty">Paragraph</p>').to have_tag('p')
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty">Paragraph</p>').to have_tag(:p)
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty">Paragraph</p>').to have_tag('p#qwerty')
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty">Paragraph</p>').to have_tag('p.qwe.rty')
  # more complicated examples:
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty"><strong>Para</strong>graph</p>').to have_tag('p strong')
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty"><strong>Para</strong>graph</p>').to have_tag('p#qwerty strong')
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty"><strong>Para</strong>graph</p>').to have_tag('p.qwe.rty strong')
  # or you can use another syntax for examples above
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty"><strong>Para</strong>graph</p>').to have_tag('p') do
    with_tag('strong')
  end
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty"><strong>Para</strong>graph</p>').to have_tag('p#qwerty') do
    with_tag('strong')
  end
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty"><strong>Para</strong>graph</p>').to have_tag('p.qwe.rty') do
    with_tag('strong')
  end
  • special case for classes matching:
  # all of this are equivalent:
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty">Paragraph</p>').to have_tag('p', :with => { :class => 'qwe rty' })
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty">Paragraph</p>').to have_tag('p', :with => { :class => 'rty qwe' })
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty">Paragraph</p>').to have_tag('p', :with => { :class => ['rty', 'qwe'] })
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty">Paragraph</p>').to have_tag('p', :with => { :class => ['qwe', 'rty'] })

The same works with :without:

  # all of this are equivalent:
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty">Paragraph</p>').to have_tag('p', :without => { :class => 'qwe rty' })
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty">Paragraph</p>').to have_tag('p', :without => { :class => 'rty qwe' })
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty">Paragraph</p>').to have_tag('p', :without => { :class => ['rty', 'qwe'] })
  expect('<p class="qwe rty" id="qwerty">Paragraph</p>').to have_tag('p', :without => { :class => ['qwe', 'rty'] })
  • content matching:
  expect('<p> Some content&nbsphere</p>').to have_tag('p', :text => ' Some content here')
  # or
  expect('<p> Some content&nbsphere</p>').to have_tag('p') do
    with_text ' Some content here'
  end

  expect('<p> Some content&nbsphere</p>').to have_tag('p', :text => /Some content here/)
  # or
  expect('<p> Some content&nbsphere</p>').to have_tag('p') do
    with_text /Some content here/
  end

  # mymock.text == 'Some content here'
  expect('<p> Some content&nbsphere</p>').to have_tag('p', :content => mymock.text)
  # or
  expect('<p> Some content&nbsphere</p>').to have_tag('p') do
    with_content mymock.text
  end
  • usage with capybara and cucumber:
  expect(page).to have_tag( ... )

where page is an instance of Capybara::Session

and of course you can use the without_ matchers (see the documentation).

rspec 1 partial backwards compatibility:

you can match:

expect(response).to have_tag('div', 'expected content')
expect(response).to have_tag('div', /regexp matching expected content/)

RSpec 1 have_tag documentation

More info

You can find more on RubyDoc, take a look at have_tag method.

Also, please read CHANGELOG, it might be helpful.

Contribution

  1. Fork the repository
  2. Add tests for your feature
  3. Write the code
  4. Add documentation for your contribution
  5. Send a pull request

Contributors

MIT Licensed

Copyright (c) 2011-2014 Dmitrij Mjakotnyi

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.