Class: Sequel::Postgres::Database

Inherits:
Database show all
Includes:
DatabaseMethods
Defined in:
lib/sequel/adapters/postgres.rb

Overview

Database class for PostgreSQL databases used with Sequel and the pg, postgres, or postgres-pr driver.

Constant Summary

INFINITE_TIMESTAMP_STRINGS =
['infinity'.freeze, '-infinity'.freeze].freeze
INFINITE_DATETIME_VALUES =
([PLUS_INFINITY, MINUS_INFINITY] + INFINITE_TIMESTAMP_STRINGS).freeze
DatasetClass =
self

Constants included from DatabaseMethods

Sequel::Postgres::DatabaseMethods::FOREIGN_KEY_LIST_ON_DELETE_MAP, Sequel::Postgres::DatabaseMethods::ON_COMMIT, Sequel::Postgres::DatabaseMethods::POSTGRES_DEFAULT_RE, Sequel::Postgres::DatabaseMethods::PREPARED_ARG_PLACEHOLDER, Sequel::Postgres::DatabaseMethods::RE_CURRVAL_ERROR, Sequel::Postgres::DatabaseMethods::SELECT_CUSTOM_SEQUENCE_SQL, Sequel::Postgres::DatabaseMethods::SELECT_PK_SQL, Sequel::Postgres::DatabaseMethods::SELECT_SERIAL_SEQUENCE_SQL, Sequel::Postgres::DatabaseMethods::UNLOGGED

Constants inherited from Database

Database::ADAPTERS, Database::AUTOINCREMENT, Database::COLUMN_DEFINITION_ORDER, Database::COLUMN_SCHEMA_DATETIME_TYPES, Database::COLUMN_SCHEMA_STRING_TYPES, Database::COMBINABLE_ALTER_TABLE_OPS, Database::COMMA_SEPARATOR, Database::CURRENT_TIMESTAMP_RE, Database::DEFAULT_DATABASE_ERROR_REGEXPS, Database::DEFAULT_JOIN_TABLE_COLUMN_OPTIONS, Database::DEFAULT_STRING_COLUMN_SIZE, Database::EXTENSIONS, Database::NOT_NULL, Database::NULL, Database::OPTS, Database::PRIMARY_KEY, Database::SCHEMA_TYPE_CLASSES, Database::SQL_BEGIN, Database::SQL_COMMIT, Database::SQL_RELEASE_SAVEPOINT, Database::SQL_ROLLBACK, Database::SQL_ROLLBACK_TO_SAVEPOINT, Database::SQL_SAVEPOINT, Database::STRING_DEFAULT_RE, Database::TEMPORARY, Database::TRANSACTION_BEGIN, Database::TRANSACTION_COMMIT, Database::TRANSACTION_ISOLATION_LEVELS, Database::TRANSACTION_ROLLBACK, Database::UNDERSCORE, Database::UNIQUE, Database::UNSIGNED

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Attributes included from DatabaseMethods

#conversion_procs

Attributes inherited from Database

#cache_schema, #dataset_class, #default_string_column_size, #identifier_input_method, #identifier_output_method, #log_connection_info, #log_warn_duration, #loggers, #opts, #pool, #prepared_statements, #sql_log_level, #timezone, #transaction_isolation_level

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from DatabaseMethods

#add_named_conversion_proc, #commit_prepared_transaction, #create_function, #create_language, #create_schema, #create_trigger, #database_type, #do, #drop_function, #drop_language, #drop_schema, #drop_trigger, #foreign_key_list, #indexes, #locks, #notify, #primary_key, #primary_key_sequence, #refresh_view, #reset_conversion_procs, #reset_primary_key_sequence, #rollback_prepared_transaction, #serial_primary_key_options, #server_version, #supports_create_table_if_not_exists?, #supports_deferrable_constraints?, #supports_deferrable_foreign_key_constraints?, #supports_drop_table_if_exists?, #supports_partial_indexes?, #supports_prepared_transactions?, #supports_savepoints?, #supports_transaction_isolation_levels?, #supports_transactional_ddl?, #supports_trigger_conditions?, #tables, #type_supported?, #values, #views

Methods included from Database::ResetIdentifierMangling

#extended

Methods inherited from Database

#<<, #[], adapter_class, adapter_scheme, #adapter_scheme, #add_column, #add_index, #add_servers, #after_commit, after_initialize, #after_rollback, #alter_table, #alter_table_generator, #call, #cast_type_literal, connect, #create_join_table, #create_join_table!, #create_join_table?, #create_or_replace_view, #create_table, #create_table!, #create_table?, #create_table_generator, #create_view, #database_type, #dataset, #disconnect, #drop_column, #drop_index, #drop_join_table, #drop_table, #drop_table?, #drop_view, #each_server, #execute_ddl, #execute_dui, #execute_insert, #extend_datasets, extension, #extension, #fetch, #from, #from_application_timestamp, #get, #global_index_namespace?, #in_transaction?, #initialize, #inspect, #literal, #literal_symbol, #literal_symbol_set, load_adapter, #log_connection_yield, #log_exception, #log_info, #log_yield, #logger=, #prepared_statement, #quote_identifier, #quote_identifiers=, #quote_identifiers?, register_extension, #remove_servers, #rename_column, #rename_table, #run, run_after_initialize, #schema, #schema_type_class, #select, #serial_primary_key_options, #servers, #set_column_default, #set_column_type, #set_prepared_statement, #sharded?, #single_threaded?, #supports_create_table_if_not_exists?, #supports_deferrable_constraints?, #supports_deferrable_foreign_key_constraints?, #supports_drop_table_if_exists?, #supports_foreign_key_parsing?, #supports_index_parsing?, #supports_partial_indexes?, #supports_prepared_transactions?, #supports_savepoints?, #supports_savepoints_in_prepared_transactions?, #supports_schema_parsing?, #supports_table_listing?, #supports_transaction_isolation_levels?, #supports_transactional_ddl?, #supports_view_listing?, #supports_views_with_check_option?, #supports_views_with_local_check_option?, #synchronize, #table_exists?, #test_connection, #transaction, #typecast_value, #uri, #url, #valid_connection?

Constructor Details

This class inherits a constructor from Sequel::Database

Instance Attribute Details

#convert_infinite_timestampsObject

Whether infinite timestamps/dates should be converted on retrieval. By default, no conversion is done, so an error is raised if you attempt to retrieve an infinite timestamp/date. You can set this to :nil to convert to nil, :string to leave as a string, or :float to convert to an infinite float.



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# File 'lib/sequel/adapters/postgres.rb', line 206

def convert_infinite_timestamps
  @convert_infinite_timestamps
end

Instance Method Details

#bound_variable_arg(arg, conn) ⇒ Object

Convert given argument so that it can be used directly by pg. Currently, pg doesn't handle fractional seconds in Time/DateTime or blobs with “0”, and it won't ever handle Sequel::SQLTime values correctly. Only public for use by the adapter, shouldn't be used by external code.



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# File 'lib/sequel/adapters/postgres.rb', line 212

def bound_variable_arg(arg, conn)
  case arg
  when Sequel::SQL::Blob
    {:value=>arg, :type=>17, :format=>1}
  when Sequel::SQLTime
    literal(arg)
  when DateTime, Time
    literal(arg)
  else
    arg
  end
end

#connect(server) ⇒ Object

Connects to the database. In addition to the standard database options, using the :encoding or :charset option changes the client encoding for the connection, :connect_timeout is a connection timeout in seconds, :sslmode sets whether postgres's sslmode, and :notice_receiver handles server notices in a proc. :connect_timeout, :driver_options, :sslmode, and :notice_receiver are only supported if the pg driver is used.



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# File 'lib/sequel/adapters/postgres.rb', line 232

def connect(server)
  opts = server_opts(server)
  if SEQUEL_POSTGRES_USES_PG
    connection_params = {
      :host => opts[:host],
      :port => opts[:port] || 5432,
      :dbname => opts[:database],
      :user => opts[:user],
      :password => opts[:password],
      :connect_timeout => opts[:connect_timeout] || 20,
      :sslmode => opts[:sslmode]
    }.delete_if { |key, value| blank_object?(value) }
    connection_params.merge!(opts[:driver_options]) if opts[:driver_options]
    conn = Adapter.connect(connection_params)

    conn.instance_variable_set(:@prepared_statements, {})

    if receiver = opts[:notice_receiver]
      conn.set_notice_receiver(&receiver)
    end
  else
    conn = Adapter.connect(
      (opts[:host] unless blank_object?(opts[:host])),
      opts[:port] || 5432,
      nil, '',
      opts[:database],
      opts[:user],
      opts[:password]
    )
  end

  conn.instance_variable_set(:@db, self)

  if encoding = opts[:encoding] || opts[:charset]
    if conn.respond_to?(:set_client_encoding)
      conn.set_client_encoding(encoding)
    else
      conn.async_exec("set client_encoding to '#{encoding}'")
    end
  end

  connection_configuration_sqls.each{|sql| conn.execute(sql)}
  conn
end

#copy_into(table, opts = OPTS) ⇒ Object

copy_into uses PostgreSQL's COPY FROM STDIN SQL statement to do very fast inserts into a table using input preformatting in either CSV or PostgreSQL text format. This method is only supported if pg 0.14.0+ is the underlying ruby driver. This method should only be called if you want results returned to the client. If you are using COPY FROM with a filename, you should just use run instead of this method.

The following options are respected:

:columns

The columns to insert into, with the same order as the columns in the input data. If this isn't given, uses all columns in the table.

:data

The data to copy to PostgreSQL, which should already be in CSV or PostgreSQL text format. This can be either a string, or any object that responds to each and yields string.

:format

The format to use. text is the default, so this should be :csv or :binary.

:options

An options SQL string to use, which should contain comma separated options.

:server

The server on which to run the query.

If a block is provided and :data option is not, this will yield to the block repeatedly. The block should return a string, or nil to signal that it is finished.



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# File 'lib/sequel/adapters/postgres.rb', line 411

def copy_into(table, opts=OPTS)
  data = opts[:data]
  data = Array(data) if data.is_a?(String)

  if block_given? && data
    raise Error, "Cannot provide both a :data option and a block to copy_into"
  elsif !block_given? && !data
    raise Error, "Must provide either a :data option or a block to copy_into"
  end

  synchronize(opts[:server]) do |conn|
    conn.execute(copy_into_sql(table, opts))
    begin
      if block_given?
        while buf = yield
          conn.put_copy_data(buf)
        end
      else
        data.each{|buff| conn.put_copy_data(buff)}
      end
    rescue Exception => e
      conn.put_copy_end("ruby exception occurred while copying data into PostgreSQL")
    ensure
      conn.put_copy_end unless e
      while res = conn.get_result
        raise e if e
        check_database_errors{res.check}
      end
    end
  end 
end

#copy_table(table, opts = OPTS) ⇒ Object

copy_table uses PostgreSQL's COPY TO STDOUT SQL statement to return formatted results directly to the caller. This method is only supported if pg is the underlying ruby driver. This method should only be called if you want results returned to the client. If you are using +COPY TO+ with a filename, you should just use run instead of this method.

The table argument supports the following types:

String

Uses the first argument directly as literal SQL. If you are using a version of PostgreSQL before 9.0, you will probably want to use a string if you are using any options at all, as the syntax Sequel uses for options is only compatible with PostgreSQL 9.0+.

Dataset

Uses a query instead of a table name when copying.

other

Uses a table name (usually a symbol) when copying.

The following options are respected:

:format

The format to use. text is the default, so this should be :csv or :binary.

:options

An options SQL string to use, which should contain comma separated options.

:server

The server on which to run the query.

If a block is provided, the method continually yields to the block, one yield per row. If a block is not provided, a single string is returned with all of the data.



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# File 'lib/sequel/adapters/postgres.rb', line 371

def copy_table(table, opts=OPTS)
  synchronize(opts[:server]) do |conn|
    conn.execute(copy_table_sql(table, opts))
    begin
      if block_given?
        while buf = conn.get_copy_data
          yield buf
        end
        nil
      else
        b = String.new
        b << buf while buf = conn.get_copy_data
        b
      end
    ensure
      raise DatabaseDisconnectError, "disconnecting as a partial COPY may leave the connection in an unusable state" if buf
    end
  end 
end

#disconnect_connection(conn) ⇒ Object

Disconnect given connection



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# File 'lib/sequel/adapters/postgres.rb', line 310

def disconnect_connection(conn)
  conn.finish
rescue PGError, IOError
  nil
end

#error_info(e) ⇒ Object

Return a hash of information about the related PGError (or Sequel::DatabaseError that wraps a PGError), with the following entries:

:schema

The schema name related to the error

:table

The table name related to the error

:column

the column name related to the error

:constraint

The constraint name related to the error

:type

The datatype name related to the error

This requires a PostgreSQL 9.3+ server and 9.3+ client library, and ruby-pg 0.16.0+ to be supported.



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# File 'lib/sequel/adapters/postgres.rb', line 328

def error_info(e)
  e = e.wrapped_exception if e.is_a?(DatabaseError)
  r = e.result
  h = {}
  h[:schema] = r.error_field(::PG::PG_DIAG_SCHEMA_NAME)
  h[:table] = r.error_field(::PG::PG_DIAG_TABLE_NAME)
  h[:column] = r.error_field(::PG::PG_DIAG_COLUMN_NAME)
  h[:constraint] = r.error_field(::PG::PG_DIAG_CONSTRAINT_NAME)
  h[:type] = r.error_field(::PG::PG_DIAG_DATATYPE_NAME)
  h
end

#execute(sql, opts = OPTS, &block) ⇒ Object

Execute the given SQL with the given args on an available connection.



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# File 'lib/sequel/adapters/postgres.rb', line 342

def execute(sql, opts=OPTS, &block)
  synchronize(opts[:server]){|conn| check_database_errors{_execute(conn, sql, opts, &block)}}
end

#listen(channels, opts = OPTS, &block) ⇒ Object

Listens on the given channel (or multiple channels if channel is an array), waiting for notifications. After a notification is received, or the timeout has passed, stops listening to the channel. Options:

:after_listen

An object that responds to call that is called with the underlying connection after the LISTEN statement is sent, but before the connection starts waiting for notifications.

:loop

Whether to continually wait for notifications, instead of just waiting for a single notification. If this option is given, a block must be provided. If this object responds to call, it is called with the underlying connection after each notification is received (after the block is called). If a :timeout option is used, and a callable object is given, the object will also be called if the timeout expires. If :loop is used and you want to stop listening, you can either break from inside the block given to #listen, or you can throw :stop from inside the :loop object's call method or the block.

:server

The server on which to listen, if the sharding support is being used.

:timeout

How long to wait for a notification, in seconds (can provide a float value for fractional seconds). If this object responds to call, it will be called and should return the number of seconds to wait. If the loop option is also specified, the object will be called on each iteration to obtain a new timeout value. If not given or nil, waits indefinitely.

This method is only supported if pg is used as the underlying ruby driver. It returns the channel the notification was sent to (as a string), unless :loop was used, in which case it returns nil. If a block is given, it is yielded 3 arguments:

  • the channel the notification was sent to (as a string)

  • the backend pid of the notifier (as an integer),

  • and the payload of the notification (as a string or nil).



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# File 'lib/sequel/adapters/postgres.rb', line 466

def listen(channels, opts=OPTS, &block)
  check_database_errors do
    synchronize(opts[:server]) do |conn|
      begin
        channels = Array(channels)
        channels.each do |channel|
          sql = "LISTEN ".dup
          dataset.send(:identifier_append, sql, channel)
          conn.execute(sql)
        end
        opts[:after_listen].call(conn) if opts[:after_listen]
        timeout = opts[:timeout]
        if timeout
          timeout_block = timeout.respond_to?(:call) ? timeout : proc{timeout}
        end

        if l = opts[:loop]
          raise Error, 'calling #listen with :loop requires a block' unless block
          loop_call = l.respond_to?(:call)
          catch(:stop) do
            loop do
              t = timeout_block ? [timeout_block.call] : []
              conn.wait_for_notify(*t, &block)
              l.call(conn) if loop_call
            end
          end
          nil
        else
          t = timeout_block ? [timeout_block.call] : []
          conn.wait_for_notify(*t, &block)
        end
      ensure
        conn.execute("UNLISTEN *")
      end
    end
  end
end

#to_application_timestamp(value) ⇒ Object

If convert_infinite_timestamps is true and the value is infinite, return an appropriate value based on the convert_infinite_timestamps setting.



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# File 'lib/sequel/adapters/postgres.rb', line 507

def to_application_timestamp(value)
  if convert_infinite_timestamps
    case value
    when *INFINITE_TIMESTAMP_STRINGS
      infinite_timestamp_value(value)
    else
      super
    end
  else
    super
  end
end