Hanami::Router

Rack compatible, lightweight and fast HTTP Router for Ruby and Hanami.

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Hanami::Router supports Ruby (MRI) 2.2+, JRuby 9k+

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'hanami-router'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install hanami-router

Getting Started

require 'hanami/router'

app = Hanami::Router.new do
  get '/', to: ->(env) { [200, {}, ['Welcome to Hanami::Router!']] }
end

Rack::Server.start app: app, Port: 2300

Usage

Hanami::Router is designed to work as a standalone framework or within a context of a Hanami application.

For the standalone usage, it supports neat features:

A Beautiful DSL:

Hanami::Router.new do
  root                to: ->(env) { [200, {}, ['Hello']] }
  get '/lambda',      to: ->(env) { [200, {}, ['World']] }
  get '/dashboard',   to: Dashboard::Index
  get '/rack-app',    to: RackApp.new
  get '/flowers',     to: 'flowers#index'
  get '/flowers/:id', to: 'flowers#show'

  redirect '/legacy', to: '/'

  mount Api::App, at: '/api'

  namespace 'admin' do
    get '/users', to: Users::Index
  end

  resource 'identity' do
    member do
      get '/avatar'
    end

    collection do
      get '/api_keys'
    end
  end

  resources 'robots' do
    member do
      patch '/activate'
    end

    collection do
      get '/search'
    end
  end
end

Fixed string matching:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.get '/hanami', to: ->(env) { [200, {}, ['Hello from Hanami!']] }

String matching with variables:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.get '/flowers/:id', to: ->(env) { [200, {}, ["Hello from Flower no. #{ env['router.params'][:id] }!"]] }

Variables Constraints:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.get '/flowers/:id', id: /\d+/, to: ->(env) { [200, {}, [":id must be a number!"]] }

String matching with globbing:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.get '/*', to: ->(env) { [200, {}, ["This is catch all: #{ env['router.params'].inspect }!"]] }

String matching with optional tokens:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.get '/hanami(.:format)' to: ->(env) { [200, {}, ["You've requested #{ env['router.params'][:format] }!"]] }

Support for the most common HTTP methods:

router   = Hanami::Router.new
endpoint = ->(env) { [200, {}, ['Hello from Hanami!']] }

router.get    '/hanami', to: endpoint
router.post   '/hanami', to: endpoint
router.put    '/hanami', to: endpoint
router.patch  '/hanami', to: endpoint
router.delete '/hanami', to: endpoint
router.trace  '/hanami', to: endpoint

Root:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.root to: ->(env) { [200, {}, ['Hello from Hanami!']] }

Redirect:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.get '/redirect_destination', to: ->(env) { [200, {}, ['Redirect destination!']] }
router.redirect '/legacy', to: '/redirect_destination'

Named routes:

router = Hanami::Router.new(scheme: 'https', host: 'hanamirb.org')
router.get '/hanami', to: ->(env) { [200, {}, ['Hello from Hanami!']] }, as: :hanami

router.path(:hanami) # => "/hanami"
router.url(:hanami)  # => "https://hanamirb.org/hanami"

Namespaced routes:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.namespace 'animals' do
  namespace 'mammals' do
    get '/cats', to: ->(env) { [200, {}, ['Meow!']] }, as: :cats
  end
end

# and it generates:

router.path(:animals_mammals_cats) # => "/animals/mammals/cats"

Mount Rack applications:

Hanami::Router.new do
  mount RackOne,                             at: '/rack1'
  mount RackTwo,                             at: '/rack2'
  mount RackThree.new,                       at: '/rack3'
  mount ->(env) {[200, {}, ['Rack Four']]},  at: '/rack4'
  mount 'dashboard#index',                   at: '/dashboard'
end
  1. RackOne is used as it is (class), because it respond to .call
  2. RackTwo is initialized, because it respond to #call
  3. RackThree is used as it is (object), because it respond to #call
  4. That Proc is used as it is, because it respond to #call
  5. That string is resolved as Dashboard::Index (Hanami::Controller integration)

Duck typed endpoints:

Everything that responds to #call is invoked as it is:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.get '/hanami',      to: ->(env) { [200, {}, ['Hello from Hanami!']] }
router.get '/middleware', to: Middleware
router.get '/rack-app',   to: RackApp.new
router.get '/method',     to: ActionControllerSubclass.action(:new)

If it's a string, it tries to instantiate a class from it:

class RackApp
  def call(env)
    # ...
  end
end

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.get '/hanami', to: 'rack_app' # it will map to RackApp.new

It also supports Controller + Action syntax:

module Flowers
  class Index
    def call(env)
      # ...
    end
  end
end

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.get '/flowers', to: 'flowers#index' # it will map to Flowers::Index.new

Implicit Not Found (404):

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.call(Rack::MockRequest.env_for('/unknown')).status # => 404

Controllers:

Hanami::Router has a special convention for controllers naming. It allows to declare an action as an endpoint, with a special syntax: <controller>#<action>.

Hanami::Router.new do
  get '/', to: 'welcome#index'
end

In the example above, the router will look for the Welcome::Index action.

Namespaces

In applications where for maintainability or technical reasons, this convention can't work, Hanami::Router can accept a :namespace option, which defines the Ruby namespace where to look for actions.

For instance, given a Hanami full stack application called Bookshelf, the controllers are available under Bookshelf::Controllers.

Hanami::Router.new(namespace: Bookshelf::Controllers) do
  get '/', to: 'welcome#index'
end

In the example above, the router will look for the Bookshelf::Controllers::Welcome::Index action.

RESTful Resource:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.resource 'identity'

It will map:

Verb Path Action Name Named Route
GET /identity Identity::Show :show :identity
GET /identity/new Identity::New :new :new_identity
POST /identity Identity::Create :create :identity
GET /identity/edit Identity::Edit :edit :edit_identity
PATCH /identity Identity::Update :update :identity
DELETE /identity Identity::Destroy :destroy :identity

If you don't need all the default endpoints, just do:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.resource 'identity', only: [:edit, :update]

#### which is equivalent to:

router.resource 'identity', except: [:show, :new, :create, :destroy]

If you need extra endpoints:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.resource 'identity' do
  member do
    get 'avatar'           # maps to Identity::Avatar
  end

  collection do
    get 'authorizations'   # maps to Identity::Authorizations
  end
end

router.path(:avatar_identity)         # => /identity/avatar
router.path(:authorizations_identity) # => /identity/authorizations

Configure controller:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.resource 'profile', controller: 'identity'

router.path(:profile) # => /profile # Will route to Identity::Show

Nested Resources

We can nest resource(s):

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.resource :identity do
  resource  :avatar
  resources :api_keys
end

router.path(:identity_avatar)       # => /identity/avatar
router.path(:new_identity_avatar)   # => /identity/avatar/new
router.path(:edit_identity_avatar)  # => /identity/avatar/new

router.path(:identity_api_keys)     # => /identity/api_keys
router.path(:identity_api_key)      # => /identity/api_keys/:id
router.path(:new_identity_api_key)  # => /identity/api_keys/new
router.path(:edit_identity_api_key) # => /identity/api_keys/:id/edit

RESTful Resources:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.resources 'flowers'

It will map:

Verb Path Action Name Named Route
GET /flowers Flowers::Index :index :flowers
GET /flowers/:id Flowers::Show :show :flower
GET /flowers/new Flowers::New :new :new_flower
POST /flowers Flowers::Create :create :flowers
GET /flowers/:id/edit Flowers::Edit :edit :edit_flower
PATCH /flowers/:id Flowers::Update :update :flower
DELETE /flowers/:id Flowers::Destroy :destroy :flower
router.path(:flowers)             # => /flowers
router.path(:flower, id: 23)      # => /flowers/23
router.path(:edit_flower, id: 23) # => /flowers/23/edit

If you don't need all the default endpoints, just do:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.resources 'flowers', only: [:new, :create, :show]

#### which is equivalent to:

router.resources 'flowers', except: [:index, :edit, :update, :destroy]

If you need extra endpoints:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.resources 'flowers' do
  member do
    get 'toggle' # maps to Flowers::Toggle
  end

  collection do
    get 'search' # maps to Flowers::Search
  end
end

router.path(:toggle_flower, id: 23)  # => /flowers/23/toggle
router.path(:search_flowers)         # => /flowers/search

Configure controller:

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.resources 'blossoms', controller: 'flowers'

router.path(:blossom, id: 23) # => /blossoms/23 # Will route to Flowers::Show

Nested Resources

We can nest resource(s):

router = Hanami::Router.new
router.resources :users do
  resource  :avatar
  resources :favorites
end

router.path(:user_avatar,      user_id: 1)  # => /users/1/avatar
router.path(:new_user_avatar,  user_id: 1)  # => /users/1/avatar/new
router.path(:edit_user_avatar, user_id: 1)  # => /users/1/avatar/edit

router.path(:user_favorites, user_id: 1)             # => /users/1/favorites
router.path(:user_favorite, user_id: 1, id: 2)       # => /users/1/favorites/2
router.path(:new_user_favorites, user_id: 1)         # => /users/1/favorites/new
router.path(:edit_user_favorites, user_id: 1, id: 2) # => /users/1/favorites/2/edit

Body Parsers

Rack ignores request bodies unless they come from a form submission. If we have a JSON endpoint, the payload isn't available in the params hash:

Rack::Request.new(env).params # => {}

This feature enables body parsing for specific MIME Types. It comes with a built-in JSON parser and allows to pass custom parsers.

JSON Parsing

require 'hanami/router'

endpoint = ->(env) { [200, {},[env['router.params'].inspect]] }

router = Hanami::Router.new(parsers: [:json]) do
  patch '/books/:id', to: endpoint
end
curl http://localhost:2300/books/1    \
  -H "Content-Type: application/json" \
  -H "Accept: application/json"       \
  -d '{"published":"true"}'           \
  -X PATCH

# => [200, {}, ["{:published=>\"true\",:id=>\"1\"}"]]

If the json can't be parsed an exception is raised:

Hanami::Routing::Parsing::BodyParsingError
multi_json

If you want to use a different JSON backend, include multi_json in your Gemfile.

Custom Parsers

require 'hanami/router'

# See Hanami::Routing::Parsing::Parser
class XmlParser
  def mime_types
    ['application/xml', 'text/xml']
  end

  # Parse body and return a Hash
  def parse(body)
    # parse xml
  rescue SomeXmlParsingError => e
    raise Hanami::Routing::Parsing::BodyParsingError.new(e)
  end
end

endpoint = ->(env) { [200, {},[env['router.params'].inspect]] }

router = Hanami::Router.new(parsers: [XmlParser.new]) do
  patch '/authors/:id', to: endpoint
end
curl http://localhost:2300/authors/1 \
  -H "Content-Type: application/xml" \
  -H "Accept: application/xml"       \
  -d '<name>LG</name>'               \
  -X PATCH

# => [200, {}, ["{:name=>\"LG\",:id=>\"1\"}"]]

Testing

require 'hanami/router'

router = Hanami::Router.new do
  get '/books/:id', to: 'books#show', as: :book
end

route = router.recognize('/books/23')
route.verb      # "GET"
route.action    # => "books#show"
route.params    # => {:id=>"23"}
route.routable? # => true

route = router.recognize(:book, id: 23)
route.verb      # "GET"
route.action    # => "books#show"
route.params    # => {:id=>"23"}
route.routable? # => true

route = router.recognize('/books/23', method: :post)
route.verb      # "POST"
route.routable? # => false

Versioning

Hanami::Router uses Semantic Versioning 2.0.0

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

Acknowledgements

Thanks to Joshua Hull (@joshbuddy) for his http_router.

Copyright

Copyright © 2014-2016 Luca Guidi – Released under MIT License

This project was formerly known as Lotus (lotus-router).