yaml_extend

Extends YAML to support file based inheritance, to e.g. to build a configuration hierachy.

It is possible to build inheritance trees like

default.yml   english.yml          default.yml   german.yml         de.yml
         \    /                             \    /                    |
          uk.yml                            de.yml                  at.yml

A file can inherit from as many as you want. Trees can be nested as deep as you want. The child file overwrites same values if given in the parent file.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'yaml_extend'

And then execute:

$ bundle install

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install yaml_extend

Usage

yaml_extend adds the method YAML#ext_load_file to YAML.

This method works like the original YAML#load_file, by extending it with file inheritance.

Examples

# start.yml
extends: 'super.yml'
data:
    name: 'Mr. Superman'
    age: 134    
    favorites:
        - 'Raspberrys'
# super.yml
data:
    name: 'Unknown'
    power: 2000
    favorites:
        - 'Bananas'
        - 'Apples'

Basic Inheritance

YAML.ext_load_file('start.yml')

results in

data:
    name: 'Mr. Superman'
    age: 134
    power: 2000
    favorites:
        - 'Bananas'
        - 'Apples'
        - 'Raspberrys'

Inherit from several files

extends:
    - 'super_file.yml'
    - 'parent_file.yml'
...

Documentation

YAML#ext_load_file(yaml_path, inheritance_key='extends', extend_existing_arrays=true, config = {})

  • yaml_path relative or absolute path to yaml file to inherit from
  • inheritance_key you can overwrite the default key, if you use it already as part of your configuration. The inheritance_key is NOT included in the final merged file. Default: 'extends'
  • extend_existing_arrays Extends existing arrays in yaml structure instead of replacing them. Default: true
  • config only intended to be used by the method itself due recursive algorithm

Contributing

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at https://github.com/entwanderer/yaml_extend. This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the Contributor Covenant code of conduct.