Elasticsearch

This repository contains various Ruby and Rails integrations for Elasticsearch:

  • ActiveModel integration with adapters for ActiveRecord and Mongoid
  • Repository pattern based persistence layer for Ruby objects
  • Active Record pattern based persistence layer for Ruby models
  • Enumerable-based wrapper for search results
  • ActiveRecord::Relation-based wrapper for returning search results as records
  • Convenience model methods such as search, mapping, import, etc
  • Rake tasks for importing the data
  • Support for Kaminari and WillPaginate pagination
  • Integration with Rails' instrumentation framework
  • Templates for generating example Rails application

Elasticsearch client and Ruby API is provided by the elasticsearch-ruby project.

Installation

The libraries are compatible with Ruby 1.9.3 and higher.

Install the elasticsearch-model and/or elasticsearch-rails package from Rubygems:

gem install elasticsearch-model elasticsearch-rails

To use an unreleased version, either add it to your Gemfile for Bundler:

gem 'elasticsearch-model', git: 'git://github.com/elasticsearch/elasticsearch-rails.git'
gem 'elasticsearch-rails', git: 'git://github.com/elasticsearch/elasticsearch-rails.git'

or install it from a source code checkout:

git clone https://github.com/elasticsearch/elasticsearch-rails.git
cd elasticsearch-model
bundle install
rake install
cd elasticsearch-rails
bundle install
rake install

Usage

This project is split into three separate gems:

Example of a basic integration into an ActiveRecord-based model:

require 'elasticsearch/model'

class Article < ActiveRecord::Base
  include Elasticsearch::Model
  include Elasticsearch::Model::Callbacks
end

Article.import

@articles = Article.search('foobar').records

You can generate a simple Ruby on Rails application with a single command (see the other available templates):

rails new searchapp --skip --skip-bundle --template https://raw.github.com/elasticsearch/elasticsearch-rails/master/elasticsearch-rails/lib/rails/templates/01-basic.rb

Example of using Elasticsearch as a repository for a Ruby domain object:

require 'virtus'
class Article
  include Virtus.model
  attribute :title, String
end

require 'elasticsearch/persistence'
repository = Elasticsearch::Persistence::Repository.new

repository.save Article.new(title: 'Test')
# POST http://localhost:9200/repository/article
# => {"_index"=>"repository", "_type"=>"article", "_id"=>"Ak75E0U9Q96T5Y999_39NA", ...}

Example of using Elasticsearch as a persistence layer for a Ruby model:

require 'elasticsearch/persistence/model'
class Article
  include Elasticsearch::Persistence::Model
  attribute :title, String, mapping: { analyzer: 'snowball' }
end

Article.create title: 'Test'
# POST http://localhost:9200/articles/article
# => #<Article {title: "Test", id: "lUOQ9lhHToWa7oYPxwjqPQ", ...}>

Please refer to each library documentation for detailed information and examples.

Model

Persistence

Rails

Running the Test Suite

You can run unit and integration tests for each sub-project by running the respective Rake tasks in their folders.

You can also unit, integration, or both tests in the top level directory for each sub-project:

rake bundle:clean
rake bundle:install
bundle exec rake test:all

The test suite expects an Elasticsearch cluster running on port 9250, and will delete all the data. You can launch an isolated, in-memory Elasticsearch cluster with the following Rake task:

TEST_CLUSTER_COMMAND=/tmp/builds/elasticsearch-2.0.0-SNAPSHOT/bin/elasticsearch TEST_CLUSTER_NODES=1 bundle exec rake test:cluster:start

See more information in the documentation for the elasticsearch-extensions gem.

License

This software is licensed under the Apache 2 license, quoted below.

Copyright (c) 2014 Elasticsearch <http://www.elasticsearch.org>

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.