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Seccomp Tools

Provides powerful tools for seccomp analysis.

This project is targeted to (but not limited to) analyze seccomp sandbox in CTF pwn challenges. Some features might be CTF-specific, but still useful for analysis of seccomp in real-case.

Features

  • Dump - Automatically dump seccomp-bpf from binary.
  • Disasm - Convert bpf to human readable format.
    • Simple decompile.
    • Show syscall names.
  • Asm - Write seccomp rules is so easy!
  • Emu - Emulate seccomp rules.
  • (TODO) Solve constraints for executing syscalls (e.g. execve/open/read/write).
  • Support multi-architectures.

Installation

Available on RubyGems.org!

$ gem install seccomp-tools

Command Line Interface

seccomp-tools

$ seccomp-tools --help
# Usage: seccomp-tools [--version] [--help] <command> [<options>]
#
# List of commands:
#
#   dump    Automatically dump seccomp bpf from execution file.
#   disasm  Disassemble seccomp bpf.
#   asm Seccomp bpf assembler.
#   emu Emulate seccomp rules.
#
# See 'seccomp-tools --help <command>' to read about a specific subcommand.

$ seccomp-tools --help dump
# dump - Automatically dump seccomp bpf from execution file.
#
# Usage: seccomp-tools dump [exec] [options]
#     -c, --sh-exec <command>          Executes the given command (via sh).
#                                      Use this option if want to pass arguments or do pipe things to the execution file.
#     -f, --format FORMAT              Output format. FORMAT can only be one of <disasm|raw|inspect>.
#                                      Default: disasm
#     -l, --limit LIMIT                Limit the number of calling "prctl(PR_SET_SECCOMP)".
#                                      The target process will be killed whenever its calling times reaches LIMIT.
#                                      Default: 1
#     -o, --output FILE                Output result into FILE instead of stdout.
#                                      If multiple seccomp syscalls have been invoked (see --limit),
#                                      results will be written to FILE, FILE_1, FILE_2.. etc.
#                                      For example, "--output out.bpf" and the output files are out.bpf, out_1.bpf, ...

dump

Dump the seccomp bpf from an execution file. This work is done by the ptrace syscall.

NOTICE: beware of the execution file will be executed.

$ file spec/binary/twctf-2016-diary
# spec/binary/twctf-2016-diary: ELF 64-bit LSB executable, x86-64, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, interpreter /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2, for GNU/Linux 2.6.24, BuildID[sha1]=3648e29153ac0259a0b7c3e25537a5334f50107f, not stripped

$ seccomp-tools dump spec/binary/twctf-2016-diary
#  line  CODE  JT   JF      K
# =================================
#  0000: 0x20 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  A = sys_number
#  0001: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x00000002  if (A != open) goto 0003
#  0002: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0003: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x00000101  if (A != openat) goto 0005
#  0004: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0005: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x0000003b  if (A != execve) goto 0007
#  0006: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0007: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x00000038  if (A != clone) goto 0009
#  0008: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0009: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x00000039  if (A != fork) goto 0011
#  0010: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0011: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x0000003a  if (A != vfork) goto 0013
#  0012: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0013: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x00000055  if (A != creat) goto 0015
#  0014: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0015: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x00000142  if (A != execveat) goto 0017
#  0016: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0017: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x7fff0000  return ALLOW

$ seccomp-tools dump spec/binary/twctf-2016-diary -f inspect
# "\x20\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x15\x00\x00\x01\x02\x00\x00\x00\x06\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x15\x00\x00\x01\x01\x01\x00\x00\x06\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x15\x00\x00\x01\x3B\x00\x00\x00\x06\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x15\x00\x00\x01\x38\x00\x00\x00\x06\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x15\x00\x00\x01\x39\x00\x00\x00\x06\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x15\x00\x00\x01\x3A\x00\x00\x00\x06\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x15\x00\x00\x01\x55\x00\x00\x00\x06\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x15\x00\x00\x01\x42\x01\x00\x00\x06\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x06\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\xFF\x7F"

$ seccomp-tools dump spec/binary/twctf-2016-diary -f raw | xxd
# 00000000: 2000 0000 0000 0000 1500 0001 0200 0000   ...............
# 00000010: 0600 0000 0000 0000 1500 0001 0101 0000  ................
# 00000020: 0600 0000 0000 0000 1500 0001 3b00 0000  ............;...
# 00000030: 0600 0000 0000 0000 1500 0001 3800 0000  ............8...
# 00000040: 0600 0000 0000 0000 1500 0001 3900 0000  ............9...
# 00000050: 0600 0000 0000 0000 1500 0001 3a00 0000  ............:...
# 00000060: 0600 0000 0000 0000 1500 0001 5500 0000  ............U...
# 00000070: 0600 0000 0000 0000 1500 0001 4201 0000  ............B...
# 00000080: 0600 0000 0000 0000 0600 0000 0000 ff7f  ................

disasm

Disassemble the seccomp from raw bpf.

$ xxd spec/data/twctf-2016-diary.bpf | head -n 3
# 00000000: 2000 0000 0000 0000 1500 0001 0200 0000   ...............
# 00000010: 0600 0000 0000 0000 1500 0001 0101 0000  ................
# 00000020: 0600 0000 0000 0000 1500 0001 3b00 0000  ............;...

$ seccomp-tools disasm spec/data/twctf-2016-diary.bpf
#  line  CODE  JT   JF      K
# =================================
#  0000: 0x20 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  A = sys_number
#  0001: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x00000002  if (A != open) goto 0003
#  0002: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0003: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x00000101  if (A != openat) goto 0005
#  0004: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0005: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x0000003b  if (A != execve) goto 0007
#  0006: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0007: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x00000038  if (A != clone) goto 0009
#  0008: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0009: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x00000039  if (A != fork) goto 0011
#  0010: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0011: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x0000003a  if (A != vfork) goto 0013
#  0012: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0013: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x00000055  if (A != creat) goto 0015
#  0014: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0015: 0x15 0x00 0x01 0x00000142  if (A != execveat) goto 0017
#  0016: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#  0017: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x7fff0000  return ALLOW

asm

Assemble the seccomp rules into raw bytes. Very useful when want to write custom seccomp rules.

Supports labels for jumping and use syscall names directly. See example below.

$ seccomp-tools asm
# asm - Seccomp bpf assembler.
#
# Usage: seccomp-tools asm IN_FILE [options]
#     -o, --output FILE                Output result into FILE instead of stdout.
#     -f, --format FORMAT              Output format. FORMAT can only be one of <inspect|raw|carray>.
#                                      Default: inspect
#     -a, --arch ARCH                  Specify architecture.
#                                      Supported architectures are <amd64|i386>.

# Input file for asm
$ cat spec/data/libseccomp.asm
# # check if arch is X86_64
# A = arch
# A == 0xc000003e ? next : dead
# A = sys_number
# A >= 0x40000000 ? dead : next
# A == write ? ok : next
# A == close ? ok : next
# A == dup ? ok : next
# A == exit ? ok : next
# return ERRNO(5)
# ok:
# return ALLOW
# dead:
# return KILL

$ seccomp-tools asm spec/data/libseccomp.asm
# " \x00\x00\x00\x04\x00\x00\x00\x15\x00\x00\b>\x00\x00\xC0 \x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x005\x00\x06\x00\x00\x00\x00@\x15\x00\x04\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x15\x00\x03\x00\x03\x00\x00\x00\x15\x00\x02\x00 \x00\x00\x00\x15\x00\x01\x00<\x00\x00\x00\x06\x00\x00\x00\x05\x00\x05\x00\x06\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\xFF\x7F\x06\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00"

$ seccomp-tools asm spec/data/libseccomp.asm -f carray
# unsigned char bpf[] = {32,0,0,0,4,0,0,0,21,0,0,8,62,0,0,192,32,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,53,0,6,0,0,0,0,64,21,0,4,0,1,0,0,0,21,0,3,0,3,0,0,0,21,0,2,0,32,0,0,0,21,0,1,0,60,0,0,0,6,0,0,0,5,0,5,0,6,0,0,0,0,0,255,127,6,0,0,0,0,0,0,0};


# let's asm then disasm!
$ seccomp-tools asm spec/data/libseccomp.asm -f raw | seccomp-tools disasm -
#  line  CODE  JT   JF      K
# =================================
#  0000: 0x20 0x00 0x00 0x00000004  A = arch
#  0001: 0x15 0x00 0x08 0xc000003e  if (A != ARCH_X86_64) goto 0010
#  0002: 0x20 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  A = sys_number
#  0003: 0x35 0x06 0x00 0x40000000  if (A >= 0x40000000) goto 0010
#  0004: 0x15 0x04 0x00 0x00000001  if (A == write) goto 0009
#  0005: 0x15 0x03 0x00 0x00000003  if (A == close) goto 0009
#  0006: 0x15 0x02 0x00 0x00000020  if (A == dup) goto 0009
#  0007: 0x15 0x01 0x00 0x0000003c  if (A == exit) goto 0009
#  0008: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00050005  return ERRNO
#  0009: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x7fff0000  return ALLOW
#  0010: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL

Emu

Emulate seccomp given sys_nr, arg0, arg1, etc.

$ seccomp-tools emu --help
# emu - Emulate seccomp rules.
#
# Usage: seccomp-tools emu [options] BPF_FILE [sys_nr [arg0 [arg1 ... arg5]]]
#     -a, --arch ARCH                  Specify architecture.
#                                      Supported architectures are <amd64|i386>.
#     -q, --[no-]quiet                 Run quietly, only show emulation result.

$ seccomp-tools emu spec/data/libseccomp.bpf 0x3
#  line  CODE  JT   JF      K
# =================================
#  0000: 0x20 0x00 0x00 0x00000004  A = arch
#  0001: 0x15 0x00 0x08 0xc000003e  if (A != ARCH_X86_64) goto 0010
#  0002: 0x20 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  A = sys_number
#  0003: 0x35 0x06 0x00 0x40000000  if (A >= 0x40000000) goto 0010
#  0004: 0x15 0x04 0x00 0x00000001  if (A == write) goto 0009
#  0005: 0x15 0x03 0x00 0x00000003  if (A == close) goto 0009
#  0006: 0x15 0x02 0x00 0x00000020  if (A == dup) goto 0009
#  0007: 0x15 0x01 0x00 0x0000003c  if (A == exit) goto 0009
#  0008: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00050005  return ERRNO
#  0009: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x7fff0000  return ALLOW
#  0010: 0x06 0x00 0x00 0x00000000  return KILL
#
# return ALLOW at line 0009

Screenshots

Dump

dump

Emu

emu

emu

I Need You

Any suggestion or feature request is welcome! Feel free to file an issue or send a pull request. And, if you like this work, I'll be happy to be stared :grimacing: