Class: Mysql2::Client

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/mysql2/client.rb,
ext/mysql2/client.c

Direct Known Subclasses

EM::Client

Constant Summary

@@default_query_options =
{
  :as => :hash,                   # the type of object you want each row back as; also supports :array (an array of values)
  :async => false,                # don't wait for a result after sending the query, you'll have to monitor the socket yourself then eventually call Mysql2::Client#async_result
  :cast_booleans => false,        # cast tinyint(1) fields as true/false in ruby
  :symbolize_keys => false,       # return field names as symbols instead of strings
  :database_timezone => :local,   # timezone Mysql2 will assume datetime objects are stored in
  :application_timezone => nil,   # timezone Mysql2 will convert to before handing the object back to the caller
  :cache_rows => true,            # tells Mysql2 to use it's internal row cache for results
  :connect_flags => REMEMBER_OPTIONS | LONG_PASSWORD | LONG_FLAG | TRANSACTIONS | PROTOCOL_41 | SECURE_CONNECTION,
  :cast => true,
  :default_file => nil,
  :default_group => nil
}

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(opts = {}) ⇒ Client



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# File 'lib/mysql2/client.rb', line 18

def initialize(opts = {})
  opts = Mysql2::Util.key_hash_as_symbols( opts )
  @read_timeout = nil
  @query_options = @@default_query_options.dup
  @query_options.merge! opts

  initialize_ext

  # Set default connect_timeout to avoid unlimited retries from signal interruption
  opts[:connect_timeout] = 120 unless opts.key?(:connect_timeout)

  [:reconnect, :connect_timeout, :local_infile, :read_timeout, :write_timeout, :default_file, :default_group, :secure_auth, :init_command].each do |key|
    next unless opts.key?(key)
    case key
    when :reconnect, :local_infile, :secure_auth
      send(:#{key}=", !!opts[key])
    when :connect_timeout, :read_timeout, :write_timeout
      send(:#{key}=", opts[key].to_i)
    else
      send(:#{key}=", opts[key])
    end
  end

  # force the encoding to utf8
  self.charset_name = opts[:encoding] || 'utf8'

  ssl_options = opts.values_at(:sslkey, :sslcert, :sslca, :sslcapath, :sslcipher)
  ssl_set(*ssl_options) if ssl_options.any?

  if [:user,:pass,:hostname,:dbname,:db,:sock].any?{|k| @query_options.has_key?(k) }
    warn "============= WARNING FROM mysql2 ============="
    warn "The options :user, :pass, :hostname, :dbname, :db, and :sock will be deprecated at some point in the future."
    warn "Instead, please use :username, :password, :host, :port, :database, :socket, :flags for the options."
    warn "============= END WARNING FROM mysql2 ========="
  end

  user     = opts[:username] || opts[:user]
  pass     = opts[:password] || opts[:pass]
  host     = opts[:host] || opts[:hostname]
  port     = opts[:port]
  database = opts[:database] || opts[:dbname] || opts[:db]
  socket   = opts[:socket] || opts[:sock]
  flags    = opts[:flags] ? opts[:flags] | @query_options[:connect_flags] : @query_options[:connect_flags]

  # Correct the data types before passing these values down to the C level
  user = user.to_s unless user.nil?
  pass = pass.to_s unless pass.nil?
  host = host.to_s unless host.nil?
  port = port.to_i unless port.nil?
  database = database.to_s unless database.nil?
  socket = socket.to_s unless socket.nil?

  connect user, pass, host, port, database, socket, flags
end

Instance Attribute Details

#query_optionsObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute query_options



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# File 'lib/mysql2/client.rb', line 3

def query_options
  @query_options
end

#read_timeoutObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute read_timeout



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# File 'lib/mysql2/client.rb', line 3

def read_timeout
  @read_timeout
end

Class Method Details

.default_query_optionsObject



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# File 'lib/mysql2/client.rb', line 73

def self.default_query_options
  @@default_query_options
end

.Mysql2::Client.escape(string) ⇒ Object

Escape string so that it may be used in a SQL statement. Note that this escape method is not connection encoding aware. If you need encoding support use Mysql2::Client#escape instead.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 280

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_escape(RB_MYSQL_UNUSED VALUE klass, VALUE str) {
  unsigned char *newStr;
  VALUE rb_str;
  unsigned long newLen, oldLen;

  Check_Type(str, T_STRING);

  oldLen = RSTRING_LEN(str);
  newStr = xmalloc(oldLen*2+1);

  newLen = mysql_escape_string((char *)newStr, StringValuePtr(str), oldLen);
  if (newLen == oldLen) {
    /* no need to return a new ruby string if nothing changed */
    xfree(newStr);
    return str;
  } else {
    rb_str = rb_str_new((const char*)newStr, newLen);
#ifdef HAVE_RUBY_ENCODING_H
    rb_enc_copy(rb_str, str);
#endif
    xfree(newStr);
    return rb_str;
  }
}

Instance Method Details

#abandon_results!Object

When using MULTI_STATEMENTS support, calling this will throw away any unprocessed results as fast as it can in order to put the connection back into a state where queries can be issued again.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 609

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_abandon_results(VALUE self) {
  MYSQL_RES *result;
  int ret;

  GET_CLIENT(self);

  while (mysql_more_results(wrapper->client) == 1) {
    ret = mysql_next_result(wrapper->client);
    if (ret > 0) {
      rb_raise_mysql2_error(wrapper);
    }

    result = (MYSQL_RES *)rb_thread_call_without_gvl(nogvl_store_result, wrapper, RUBY_UBF_IO, 0);

    if (result != NULL) {
      mysql_free_result(result);
    }
  }

  return Qnil;
}

#affected_rowsObject

returns the number of rows changed, deleted, or inserted by the last statement if it was an UPDATE, DELETE, or INSERT.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 941

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_affected_rows(VALUE self) {
  my_ulonglong retVal;
  GET_CLIENT(self);

  REQUIRE_CONNECTED(wrapper);
  retVal = mysql_affected_rows(wrapper->client);
  if (retVal == (my_ulonglong)-1) {
    rb_raise_mysql2_error(wrapper);
  }
  return ULL2NUM(retVal);
}

#async_resultObject

Returns the result for the last async issued query.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 468

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_async_result(VALUE self) {
  MYSQL_RES * result;
  VALUE resultObj;
  VALUE current, is_streaming;
  GET_CLIENT(self);

  /* if we're not waiting on a result, do nothing */
  if (NIL_P(wrapper->active_thread))
    return Qnil;

  REQUIRE_CONNECTED(wrapper);
  if ((VALUE)rb_thread_call_without_gvl(nogvl_read_query_result, wrapper->client, RUBY_UBF_IO, 0) == Qfalse) {
    /* an error occurred, mark this connection inactive */
    MARK_CONN_INACTIVE(self);
    return rb_raise_mysql2_error(wrapper);
  }

  is_streaming = rb_hash_aref(rb_iv_get(self, "@current_query_options"), sym_stream);
  if (is_streaming == Qtrue) {
    result = (MYSQL_RES *)rb_thread_call_without_gvl(nogvl_use_result, wrapper, RUBY_UBF_IO, 0);
  } else {
    result = (MYSQL_RES *)rb_thread_call_without_gvl(nogvl_store_result, wrapper, RUBY_UBF_IO, 0);
  }

  if (result == NULL) {
    if (mysql_errno(wrapper->client) != 0) {
      MARK_CONN_INACTIVE(self);
      rb_raise_mysql2_error(wrapper);
    }
    /* no data and no error, so query was not a SELECT */
    return Qnil;
  }

  current = rb_hash_dup(rb_iv_get(self, "@current_query_options"));
  RB_GC_GUARD(current);
  Check_Type(current, T_HASH);
  resultObj = rb_mysql_result_to_obj(self, wrapper->encoding, current, result);

  return resultObj;
}

#closeObject

Immediately disconnect from the server, normally the garbage collector will disconnect automatically when a connection is no longer needed. Explicitly closing this will free up server resources sooner than waiting for the garbage collector.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 389

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_close(VALUE self) {
  GET_CLIENT(self);

  if (wrapper->connected) {
    rb_thread_call_without_gvl(nogvl_close, wrapper, RUBY_UBF_IO, 0);
  }

  return Qnil;
}

#encodingObject

Returns the encoding set on the client.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 1094

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_encoding(VALUE self) {
  GET_CLIENT(self);
  return wrapper->encoding;
}

#escape(string) ⇒ Object

Escape string so that it may be used in a SQL statement.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 717

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_real_escape(VALUE self, VALUE str) {
  unsigned char *newStr;
  VALUE rb_str;
  unsigned long newLen, oldLen;
#ifdef HAVE_RUBY_ENCODING_H
  rb_encoding *default_internal_enc;
  rb_encoding *conn_enc;
#endif
  GET_CLIENT(self);

  REQUIRE_CONNECTED(wrapper);
  Check_Type(str, T_STRING);
#ifdef HAVE_RUBY_ENCODING_H
  default_internal_enc = rb_default_internal_encoding();
  conn_enc = rb_to_encoding(wrapper->encoding);
  /* ensure the string is in the encoding the connection is expecting */
  str = rb_str_export_to_enc(str, conn_enc);
#endif

  oldLen = RSTRING_LEN(str);
  newStr = xmalloc(oldLen*2+1);

  newLen = mysql_real_escape_string(wrapper->client, (char *)newStr, StringValuePtr(str), oldLen);
  if (newLen == oldLen) {
    /* no need to return a new ruby string if nothing changed */
    xfree(newStr);
    return str;
  } else {
    rb_str = rb_str_new((const char*)newStr, newLen);
#ifdef HAVE_RUBY_ENCODING_H
    rb_enc_associate(rb_str, conn_enc);
    if (default_internal_enc) {
      rb_str = rb_str_export_to_enc(rb_str, default_internal_enc);
    }
#endif
    xfree(newStr);
    return rb_str;
  }
}

#infoObject

Returns a string that represents the client library version.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 846

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_info(VALUE self) {
  VALUE version, client_info;
#ifdef HAVE_RUBY_ENCODING_H
  rb_encoding *default_internal_enc;
  rb_encoding *conn_enc;
  GET_CLIENT(self);
#endif
  version = rb_hash_new();

#ifdef HAVE_RUBY_ENCODING_H
  default_internal_enc = rb_default_internal_encoding();
  conn_enc = rb_to_encoding(wrapper->encoding);
#endif

  rb_hash_aset(version, sym_id, LONG2NUM(mysql_get_client_version()));
  client_info = rb_str_new2(mysql_get_client_info());
#ifdef HAVE_RUBY_ENCODING_H
  rb_enc_associate(client_info, conn_enc);
  if (default_internal_enc) {
    client_info = rb_str_export_to_enc(client_info, default_internal_enc);
  }
#endif
  rb_hash_aset(version, sym_version, client_info);
  return version;
}

#last_idObject

Returns the value generated for an AUTO_INCREMENT column by the previous INSERT or UPDATE statement.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 929

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_last_id(VALUE self) {
  GET_CLIENT(self);
  REQUIRE_CONNECTED(wrapper);
  return ULL2NUM(mysql_insert_id(wrapper->client));
}

#more_results?Boolean

Returns true or false if there are more results to process.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 1027

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_more_results(VALUE self)
{
  GET_CLIENT(self);
    if (mysql_more_results(wrapper->client) == 0)
      return Qfalse;
    else
      return Qtrue;
}

#next_resultObject

Fetch the next result set from the server. Returns nothing.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 1042

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_next_result(VALUE self)
{
    int ret;
    GET_CLIENT(self);
    ret = mysql_next_result(wrapper->client);
    if (ret > 0) {
      rb_raise_mysql2_error(wrapper);
      return Qfalse;
    } else if (ret == 0) {
      return Qtrue;
    } else {
      return Qfalse;
    }
}

#pingObject

Checks whether the connection to the server is working. If the connection has gone down and auto-reconnect is enabled an attempt to reconnect is made. If the connection is down and auto-reconnect is disabled, ping returns an error.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 1012

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_ping(VALUE self) {
  GET_CLIENT(self);

  if (!wrapper->connected) {
    return Qfalse;
  } else {
    return (VALUE)rb_thread_call_without_gvl(nogvl_ping, wrapper->client, RUBY_UBF_IO, 0);
  }
}

#query(sql, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Query the database with sql, with optional options. For the possible options, see @@default_query_options on the Mysql2::Client class.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 637

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_query(int argc, VALUE * argv, VALUE self) {
#ifndef _WIN32
  struct async_query_args async_args;
#endif
  struct nogvl_send_query_args args;
  int async = 0;
  VALUE opts, current;
  VALUE thread_current = rb_thread_current();
#ifdef HAVE_RUBY_ENCODING_H
  rb_encoding *conn_enc;
#endif
  GET_CLIENT(self);

  REQUIRE_CONNECTED(wrapper);
  args.mysql = wrapper->client;

  current = rb_hash_dup(rb_iv_get(self, "@query_options"));
  RB_GC_GUARD(current);
  Check_Type(current, T_HASH);
  rb_iv_set(self, "@current_query_options", current);

  if (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &args.sql, &opts) == 2) {
    rb_funcall(current, intern_merge_bang, 1, opts);

    if (rb_hash_aref(current, sym_async) == Qtrue) {
      async = 1;
    }
  }

  Check_Type(args.sql, T_STRING);
#ifdef HAVE_RUBY_ENCODING_H
  conn_enc = rb_to_encoding(wrapper->encoding);
  /* ensure the string is in the encoding the connection is expecting */
  args.sql = rb_str_export_to_enc(args.sql, conn_enc);
#endif
  args.sql_ptr = StringValuePtr(args.sql);
  args.sql_len = RSTRING_LEN(args.sql);

  /* see if this connection is still waiting on a result from a previous query */
  if (NIL_P(wrapper->active_thread)) {
    /* mark this connection active */
    wrapper->active_thread = thread_current;
  } else if (wrapper->active_thread == thread_current) {
    rb_raise(cMysql2Error, "This connection is still waiting for a result, try again once you have the result");
  } else {
    VALUE inspect = rb_inspect(wrapper->active_thread);
    const char *thr = StringValueCStr(inspect);

    rb_raise(cMysql2Error, "This connection is in use by: %s", thr);
    RB_GC_GUARD(inspect);
  }

  args.wrapper = wrapper;

#ifndef _WIN32
  rb_rescue2(do_send_query, (VALUE)&args, disconnect_and_raise, self, rb_eException, (VALUE)0);

  if (!async) {
    async_args.fd = wrapper->client->net.fd;
    async_args.self = self;

    rb_rescue2(do_query, (VALUE)&async_args, disconnect_and_raise, self, rb_eException, (VALUE)0);

    return rb_mysql_client_async_result(self);
  } else {
    return Qnil;
  }
#else
  do_send_query(&args);

  /* this will just block until the result is ready */
  return rb_ensure(rb_mysql_client_async_result, self, finish_and_mark_inactive, self);
#endif
}

#query_infoObject



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# File 'lib/mysql2/client.rb', line 77

def query_info
  info = query_info_string
  return {} unless info
  info_hash = {}
  info.split.each_slice(2) { |s| info_hash[s[0].downcase.delete(':').to_sym] = s[1].to_i }
  info_hash
end

#query_info_stringObject



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 314

static VALUE rb_mysql_info(VALUE self) {
  const char *info;
  VALUE rb_str;
  GET_CLIENT(self);

  info = mysql_info(wrapper->client);

  if (info == NULL) {
    return Qnil;
  }

  rb_str = rb_str_new2(info);
#ifdef HAVE_RUBY_ENCODING_H
  rb_enc_associate(rb_str, rb_utf8_encoding());
#endif

  return rb_str;
}

#reconnect=(true) ⇒ Object

Enable or disable the automatic reconnect behavior of libmysql. Read dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/auto-reconnect.html for more information.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 1107

static VALUE set_reconnect(VALUE self, VALUE value) {
  return _mysql_client_options(self, MYSQL_OPT_RECONNECT, value);
}

#select_db(name) ⇒ Object

Causes the database specified by name to become the default (current) database on the connection specified by mysql.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 982

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_select_db(VALUE self, VALUE db)
{
  struct nogvl_select_db_args args;

  GET_CLIENT(self);
  REQUIRE_CONNECTED(wrapper);

  args.mysql = wrapper->client;
  args.db = StringValuePtr(db);

  if (rb_thread_call_without_gvl(nogvl_select_db, &args, RUBY_UBF_IO, 0) == Qfalse)
    rb_raise_mysql2_error(wrapper);

  return db;
}

#server_infoObject

Returns a string that represents the server version number



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 877

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_server_info(VALUE self) {
  VALUE version, server_info;
#ifdef HAVE_RUBY_ENCODING_H
  rb_encoding *default_internal_enc;
  rb_encoding *conn_enc;
#endif
  GET_CLIENT(self);

  REQUIRE_CONNECTED(wrapper);
#ifdef HAVE_RUBY_ENCODING_H
  default_internal_enc = rb_default_internal_encoding();
  conn_enc = rb_to_encoding(wrapper->encoding);
#endif

  version = rb_hash_new();
  rb_hash_aset(version, sym_id, LONG2FIX(mysql_get_server_version(wrapper->client)));
  server_info = rb_str_new2(mysql_get_server_info(wrapper->client));
#ifdef HAVE_RUBY_ENCODING_H
  rb_enc_associate(server_info, conn_enc);
  if (default_internal_enc) {
    server_info = rb_str_export_to_enc(server_info, default_internal_enc);
  }
#endif
  rb_hash_aset(version, sym_version, server_info);
  return version;
}

#socketObject

Return the file descriptor number for this client.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 909

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_socket(VALUE self) {
  GET_CLIENT(self);
#ifndef _WIN32
  {
    int fd_set_fd;
    REQUIRE_CONNECTED(wrapper);
    fd_set_fd = wrapper->client->net.fd;
    return INT2NUM(fd_set_fd);
  }
#else
  rb_raise(cMysql2Error, "Raw access to the mysql file descriptor isn't supported on Windows");
#endif
}

#store_resultObject

Return the next result object from a query which yielded multiple result sets.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 1063

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_store_result(VALUE self)
{
  MYSQL_RES * result;
  VALUE resultObj;
  VALUE current;
  GET_CLIENT(self);

  result = (MYSQL_RES *)rb_thread_call_without_gvl(nogvl_store_result, wrapper, RUBY_UBF_IO, 0);

  if (result == NULL) {
    if (mysql_errno(wrapper->client) != 0) {
      rb_raise_mysql2_error(wrapper);
    }
    /* no data and no error, so query was not a SELECT */
    return Qnil;
  }

  current = rb_hash_dup(rb_iv_get(self, "@current_query_options"));
  RB_GC_GUARD(current);
  Check_Type(current, T_HASH);
  resultObj = rb_mysql_result_to_obj(self, wrapper->encoding, current, result);

  return resultObj;
}

#thread_idObject

Returns the thread ID of the current connection.



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 958

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_thread_id(VALUE self) {
  unsigned long retVal;
  GET_CLIENT(self);

  REQUIRE_CONNECTED(wrapper);
  retVal = mysql_thread_id(wrapper->client);
  return ULL2NUM(retVal);
}

#warning_countObject



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# File 'ext/mysql2/client.c', line 305

static VALUE rb_mysql_client_warning_count(VALUE self) {
  unsigned int warning_count;
  GET_CLIENT(self);

  warning_count = mysql_warning_count(wrapper->client);

  return UINT2NUM(warning_count);
}