Module: Bio::NucleicAcid::Data

Included in:
Bio::NucleicAcid, Bio::NucleicAcid
Defined in:
lib/bio/data/na.rb

Constant Summary

NAMES =

IUPAC code

{

  'y' => '[tc]',
  'r' => '[ag]',
  'w' => '[at]',
  's' => '[gc]',
  'k' => '[tg]',
  'm' => '[ac]',

  'b' => '[tgc]',
  'd' => '[atg]',
  'h' => '[atc]',
  'v' => '[agc]',

  'n' => '[atgc]',

  'a' => 'a',
  't' => 't',
  'g' => 'g',
  'c' => 'c',
  'u' => 'u',

  'A' => 'Adenine',
  'T' => 'Thymine',
  'G' => 'Guanine',
  'C' => 'Cytosine',
  'U' => 'Uracil',

  'Y' => 'pYrimidine',
  'R' => 'puRine',
  'W' => 'Weak',
  'S' => 'Strong',
  'K' => 'Keto',
  'M' => 'aroMatic',

  'B' => 'not A',
  'D' => 'not C',
  'H' => 'not G',
  'V' => 'not T',
}
WEIGHT =
{

  # Calculated by BioPerl's Bio::Tools::SeqStats.pm :-)

  'a' => 135.15,
  't' => 126.13,
  'g' => 151.15,
  'c' => 111.12,
  'u' => 112.10,

  :adenine  => 135.15,
  :thymine  => 126.13,
  :guanine  => 151.15,
  :cytosine => 111.12,
  :uracil => 112.10,

  :deoxyribose_phosphate  => 196.11,
  :ribose_phosphate   => 212.11,

  :hydrogen => 1.00794,
  :water  => 18.015,

}

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Details

#[](x) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bio/data/na.rb', line 146

def [](x)
  NAMES[x]
end

#name(x) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bio/data/na.rb', line 156

def name(x)
  NAMES[x.to_s.upcase]
end

#namesObject Also known as: na

backward compatibility



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# File 'lib/bio/data/na.rb', line 151

def names
  NAMES
end

#to_re(seq, rna = false) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bio/data/na.rb', line 160

def to_re(seq, rna = false)
  replace = {
    'y' => '[tcy]',
    'r' => '[agr]',
    'w' => '[atw]',
    's' => '[gcs]',
    'k' => '[tgk]',
    'm' => '[acm]',
    'b' => '[tgcyskb]',
    'd' => '[atgrwkd]',
    'h' => '[atcwmyh]',
    'v' => '[agcmrsv]',
    'n' => '[atgcyrwskmbdhvn]'
  }
  replace.default = '.'

  str = seq.to_s.downcase
  str.gsub!(/[^atgcu]/) { |na|
    replace[na]
  }
  if rna
    str.tr!("t", "u")
  end
  Regexp.new(str)
end

#weight(x = nil, rna = nil) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bio/data/na.rb', line 117

def weight(x = nil, rna = nil)
  if x
    if x.length > 1
      if rna
        phosphate = WEIGHT[:ribose_phosphate]
      else
        phosphate = WEIGHT[:deoxyribose_phosphate]
      end
      hydrogen    = WEIGHT[:hydrogen]
      water       = WEIGHT[:water]

      total = 0.0
      x.each_byte do |byte|
        base = byte.chr.downcase
        if WEIGHT[base]
          total += WEIGHT[base] + phosphate - hydrogen * 2
        else
          raise "Error: invalid nucleic acid '#{base}'"
        end
      end
      total -= water * (x.length - 1)
    else
      WEIGHT[x.to_s.downcase]
    end
  else
    WEIGHT
  end
end