Yacht is an application configuration gem that lets you define settings for multiple environments in YAML files. It is similar to AppConfig with additional features like:

  • use of ClassyStruct for improved performance over OpenStruct

  • protection of sensitive settings by specifying a whitelist in a YAML file

  • easy override of nested keys (not pretty with YAML references)


  • Rails: Add this to your Gemfile and run the bundle command.

    gem "yacht"
  • Outside of rails, just require the gem as usual:

    require 'rubygems'
    require 'yacht'

Getting Started

Step 1: YAML files

First create two (or more) YAML files in the same directory to define your settings:

# config/yacht/base.yml (required)
    aws_key: foofoo
    twitter_key: barbar
  cdn_host: localhost
    # you can safely overwrite a single value in a nested key
    # YAML references (& and *) don't let you do this
    #   see https://gist.github.com/979804 for an explanation
    aws_key: bazbaz

# config/yacht/whitelist.yml (required)
# any keys specified here can be used as a whitelist filter:
#   YachtLoader.to_hash(:apply_whitelist? => true)
#   (by default the whitelist is ignored)
- super_secret_info

# config/yacht/local.yml (optional)
# any values set in local.yml will override values set in base.yml
# useful for development and testing
  cdn_host: localhost

Step 2: Define a constant

  • Rails:

    # config/initializers/01_yacht.rb
    # Define a constant that will store all settings
    # looks for the following YAML files:
    #   * config/yacht/base.yml
    #   * config/yacht/local.yml
    #   * config/yacht/whitelist.yml
    Yacht = YachtLoader.to_classy_struct
    # now you can access any key set in your YAML files with:
    #   Yacht.my_key
  • Outside of rails, you need to tell YachtLoader where your YAML files are stored, and what environment you want to use.

    YachtLoader.dir          = '/path/to/YAML/dir'
    YachtLoader.environment  = 'my_environment'
    Yacht                    = YachtLoader.to_classy_struct

How it works

Currently, the Yacht gem defines a class called YachtLoader that will read your YAML files and output them as a regular Hash or a ClassyStruct . Then you use YachtLoader#to_classy_struct (or YachtLoader#to_hash) to define a constant. You can name the constant whatever you like, but you should use Yacht. This is because a planned feature is to have Yacht defined when the gem is required and have everything namespaced under a single Yacht class.