Class: IniFile

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
Enumerable
Defined in:
lib/inifile.rb

Overview

This class represents the INI file and can be used to parse, modify, and write INI files.

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: Error, Parser

Constant Summary

VERSION =
'3.0.0'

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(opts = {}) ⇒ IniFile

Public: Create a new INI file from the given set of options. If :content is provided then it will be used to populate the INI file. If a :filename is provided then the contents of the file will be parsed and stored in the INI file. If neither the :content or :filename is provided then an empty INI file is created.

opts - The Hash of options (default: {})

:content   - The String/Hash containing the INI contents
:comment   - String containing the comment character(s)
:parameter - String used to separate parameter and value
:encoding  - Encoding String for reading / writing
:default   - The String name of the default global section
:filename  - The filename as a String

Examples

IniFile.new
#=> an empty IniFile instance

IniFile.new( :content => "[global]\nfoo=bar" )
#=> an IniFile instance

IniFile.new( :filename => 'file.ini', :encoding => 'UTF-8' )
#=> an IniFile instance

IniFile.new( :content => "[global]\nfoo=bar", :comment => '#' )
#=> an IniFile instance


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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 68

def initialize( opts = {} )
  @comment  = opts.fetch(:comment, ';#')
  @param    = opts.fetch(:parameter, '=')
  @encoding = opts.fetch(:encoding, nil)
  @default  = opts.fetch(:default, 'global')
  @filename = opts.fetch(:filename, nil)
  content   = opts.fetch(:content, nil)

  @ini = Hash.new {|h,k| h[k] = Hash.new}

  if    content.is_a?(Hash) then merge!(content)
  elsif content             then parse(content)
  elsif @filename           then read
  end
end

Instance Attribute Details

#encodingObject

Get and set the encoding



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 38

def encoding
  @encoding
end

#filenameObject

Get and set the filename



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 35

def filename
  @filename
end

Class Method Details

.load(filename, opts = {}) ⇒ Object

Public: Open an INI file and load the contents.

filename - The name of the file as a String opts - The Hash of options (default: {})

:comment   - String containing the comment character(s)
:parameter - String used to separate parameter and value
:encoding  - Encoding String for reading / writing
:default   - The String name of the default global section

Examples

IniFile.load('file.ini')
#=> IniFile instance

IniFile.load('does/not/exist.ini')
#=> nil

Returns an IniFile instance or nil if the file could not be opened.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 29

def self.load( filename, opts = {} )
  return unless File.file? filename
  new(opts.merge(:filename => filename))
end

Instance Method Details

#[](section) ⇒ Object

Public: Get the section Hash by name. If the section does not exist, then it will be created.

section - The section name as a String.

Examples

inifile['global']
#=> global section Hash

Returns the Hash of parameter/value pairs for this section.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 265

def []( section )
  return nil if section.nil?
  @ini[section.to_s]
end

#[]=(section, value) ⇒ Object

Public: Set the section to a hash of parameter/value pairs.

section - The section name as a String. value - The Hash of parameter/value pairs.

Examples

inifile['tenderloin'] = { 'gritty' => 'yes' }
#=> { 'gritty' => 'yes' }

Returns the value Hash.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 281

def []=( section, value )
  @ini[section.to_s] = value
end

#cloneObject

Public: Produces a duplicate of this IniFile. The duplicate is independent of the original – i.e. the duplicate can be modified without changing the original. The tainted state and the frozen state of the original is copied to the duplicate.

Returns a new IniFile.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 356

def clone
  other = dup
  other.freeze if self.frozen?
  other
end

#delete_section(section) ⇒ Object

Public: Remove a section identified by name from the IniFile.

section - The section name as a String.

Returns the deleted section Hash.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 250

def delete_section( section )
  @ini.delete section.to_s
end

#dupObject

Public: Produces a duplicate of this IniFile. The duplicate is independent of the original – i.e. the duplicate can be modified without changing the original. The tainted state of the original is copied to the duplicate.

Returns a new IniFile.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 342

def dup
  other = super
  other.instance_variable_set(:@ini, Hash.new {|h,k| h[k] = Hash.new})
  @ini.each_pair {|s,h| other[s].merge! h}
  other.taint if self.tainted?
  other
end

#eachObject

Public: Yield each INI file section, parameter, and value in turn to the given block.

block - The block that will be iterated by the each method. The block will

be passed the current section and the parameter/value pair.

Examples

inifile.each do |section, parameter, value|
  puts "#{parameter} = #{value} [in section - #{section}]"
end

Returns this IniFile.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 217

def each
  return unless block_given?
  @ini.each do |section,hash|
    hash.each do |param,val|
      yield section, param, val
    end
  end
  self
end

#each_sectionObject

Public: Yield each section in turn to the given block.

block - The block that will be iterated by the each method. The block will

be passed the current section as a Hash.

Examples

inifile.each_section do |section|
  puts section.inspect
end

Returns this IniFile.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 239

def each_section
  return unless block_given?
  @ini.each_key {|section| yield section}
  self
end

#eql?(other) ⇒ Boolean Also known as: ==

Public: Compare this IniFile to some other IniFile. For two INI files to be equivalent, they must have the same sections with the same parameter / value pairs in each section.

other - The other IniFile.

Returns true if the INI files are equivalent and false if they differ.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 369

def eql?( other )
  return true if equal? other
  return false unless other.instance_of? self.class
  @ini == other.instance_variable_get(:@ini)
end

#escape_value(value) ⇒ Object

Escape special characters.

value - The String value to escape.

Returns the escaped value.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 381

def escape_value( value )
  value = value.to_s.dup
  value.gsub!(%r/\\([0nrt])/, '\\\\\1')
  value.gsub!(%r/\n/, '\n')
  value.gsub!(%r/\r/, '\r')
  value.gsub!(%r/\t/, '\t')
  value.gsub!(%r/\0/, '\0')
  value
end

#freezeObject

Public: Freeze the state of this IniFile object. Any attempts to change the object will raise an error.

Returns this IniFile.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 319

def freeze
  super
  @ini.each_value {|h| h.freeze}
  @ini.freeze
  self
end

#has_section?(section) ⇒ Boolean

Public: Check to see if the IniFile contains the section.

section - The section name as a String.

Returns true if the section exists in the IniFile.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 306

def has_section?( section )
  @ini.has_key? section.to_s
end

#match(regex) ⇒ Object

Public: Create a Hash containing only those INI file sections whose names match the given regular expression.

regex - The Regexp used to match section names.

Examples

inifile.match(/^tree_/)
#=> Hash of matching sections

Return a Hash containing only those sections that match the given regular expression.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 297

def match( regex )
  @ini.dup.delete_if { |section, _| section !~ regex }
end

#merge(other) ⇒ Object

Public: Creates a copy of this inifile with the entries from the other_inifile merged into the copy.

other - The other IniFile.

Returns a new IniFile.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 155

def merge( other )
  self.dup.merge!(other)
end

#merge!(other) ⇒ Object

Public: Merges other_inifile into this inifile, overwriting existing entries. Useful for having a system inifile with user overridable settings elsewhere.

other - The other IniFile.

Returns this IniFile.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 166

def merge!( other )
  return self if other.nil?

  my_keys = @ini.keys
  other_keys = case other
    when IniFile
      other.instance_variable_get(:@ini).keys
    when Hash
      other.keys
    else
      raise Error, "cannot merge contents from '#{other.class.name}'"
    end

  (my_keys & other_keys).each do |key|
    case other[key]
    when Hash
      @ini[key].merge!(other[key])
    when nil
      nil
    else
      raise Error, "cannot merge section #{key.inspect} - unsupported type: #{other[key].class.name}"
    end
  end

  (other_keys - my_keys).each do |key|
    @ini[key] = case other[key]
      when Hash
        other[key].dup
      when nil
        {}
      else
        raise Error, "cannot merge section #{key.inspect} - unsupported type: #{other[key].class.name}"
      end
  end

  self
end

#parse(content) ⇒ Object

Parse the given content and store the information in this IniFile instance. All data will be cleared out and replaced with the information read from the content.

content - A String or a file descriptor (must respond to `each_line`)

Returns this IniFile.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 398

def parse( content )
  parser = Parser.new(@ini, @param, @comment, @default)
  parser.parse(content)
  self
end

#read(opts = {}) ⇒ Object Also known as: restore

Public: Read the contents of the INI file from the file system and replace and set the state of this IniFile instance. If left unspecified the currently configured filename and encoding will be used when reading from the file system. Otherwise the filename and encoding can be specified in the options hash.

opts - The default options Hash

:filename - The filename as a String
:encoding - The encoding as a String

Returns this IniFile instance if the read was successful; nil is returned if the file could not be read.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 122

def read( opts = {} )
  filename = opts.fetch(:filename, @filename)
  encoding = opts.fetch(:encoding, @encoding)
  return unless File.file? filename

  mode = encoding ? "r:#{encoding}" : "r"
  File.open(filename, mode) { |fd| parse fd }
  self
end

#sectionsObject

Returns an Array of section names contained in this IniFile.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 311

def sections
  @ini.keys
end

#taintObject

Public: Mark this IniFile as tainted – this will traverse each section marking each as tainted.

Returns this IniFile.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 330

def taint
  super
  @ini.each_value {|h| h.taint}
  @ini.taint
  self
end

#to_hObject

Returns this IniFile converted to a Hash.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 145

def to_h
  @ini.dup
end

#to_sObject

Returns this IniFile converted to a String.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 134

def to_s
  s = []
  @ini.each do |section,hash|
    s << "[#{section}]"
    hash.each {|param,val| s << "#{param} #{@param} #{escape_value val}"}
    s << ""
  end
  s.join("\n")
end

#write(opts = {}) ⇒ Object Also known as: save

Public: Write the contents of this IniFile to the file system. If left unspecified, the currently configured filename and encoding will be used. Otherwise the filename and encoding can be specified in the options hash.

opts - The default options Hash

:filename - The filename as a String
:encoding - The encoding as a String

Returns this IniFile instance.



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# File 'lib/inifile.rb', line 93

def write( opts = {} )
  filename = opts.fetch(:filename, @filename)
  encoding = opts.fetch(:encoding, @encoding)
  mode = encoding ? "w:#{encoding}" : "w"

  File.open(filename, mode) do |f|
    @ini.each do |section,hash|
      f.puts "[#{section}]"
      hash.each {|param,val| f.puts "#{param} #{@param} #{escape_value val}"}
      f.puts
    end
  end

  self
end