Class: ActiveMerchant::Billing::Gateway

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
CreditCardFormatting, PostsData, RequiresParameters, Utils
Defined in:
lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb

Overview

Description

The Gateway class is the base class for all ActiveMerchant gateway implementations.

The standard list of gateway functions that most concrete gateway subclasses implement is:

  • purchase(money, creditcard, options = {})

  • authorize(money, creditcard, options = {})

  • capture(money, authorization, options = {})

  • void(identification, options = {})

  • credit(money, identification, options = {})

Some gateways include features for recurring billing

  • recurring(money, creditcard, options = {})

Some gateways also support features for storing credit cards:

  • store(creditcard, options = {})

  • unstore(identification, options = {})

Gateway Options

The options hash consists of the following options:

  • :order_id - The order number

  • :ip - The IP address of the customer making the purchase

  • :customer - The name, customer number, or other information that identifies the customer

  • :invoice - The invoice number

  • :merchant - The name or description of the merchant offering the product

  • :description - A description of the transaction

  • :email - The email address of the customer

  • :currency - The currency of the transaction. Only important when you are using a currency that is not the default with a gateway that supports multiple currencies.

  • :billing_address - A hash containing the billing address of the customer.

  • :shipping_address - A hash containing the shipping address of the customer.

The :billing_address, and :shipping_address hashes can have the following keys:

  • :name - The full name of the customer.

  • :company - The company name of the customer.

  • :address1 - The primary street address of the customer.

  • :address2 - Additional line of address information.

  • :city - The city of the customer.

  • :state - The state of the customer. The 2 digit code for US and Canadian addresses. The full name of the state or province for foreign addresses.

  • :country - The [ISO 3166-1-alpha-2 code](www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/iso_3166_code_lists/english_country_names_and_code_elements.htm) for the customer.

  • :zip - The zip or postal code of the customer.

  • :phone - The phone number of the customer.

Implmenting new gateways

See the ActiveMerchant Guide to Contributing

Direct Known Subclasses

App55Gateway, AuthorizeNetCimGateway, AuthorizeNetGateway, BalancedGateway, BanwireGateway, BarclaysEpdqGateway, Be2billGateway, BeanstreamGateway, BeanstreamInteracGateway, BluePayGateway, BogusGateway, BraintreeBlueGateway, BraintreeGateway, CC5Gateway, CardStreamGateway, CertoDirectGateway, ConektaGateway, CyberSourceGateway, DataCashGateway, EfsnetGateway, ElavonGateway, EpayGateway, EvoCaGateway, EwayGateway, EwayManagedGateway, EwayRapidGateway, ExactGateway, FatZebraGateway, FederatedCanadaGateway, FirstPayGateway, FirstdataE4Gateway, GarantiGateway, HdfcGateway, IdealBaseGateway, InspireGateway, InstapayGateway, IridiumGateway, ItransactGateway, JetpayGateway, LinkpointGateway, LitleGateway, MerchantESolutionsGateway, MerchantOneGateway, MerchantWareGateway, MerchantWareVersionFourGateway, MerchantWarriorGateway, MercuryGateway, MetricsGlobalGateway, MigsGateway, ModernPaymentsCimGateway, ModernPaymentsGateway, MonerisGateway, MonerisUsGateway, MoneyMoversGateway, NabTransactGateway, NetRegistryGateway, NetaxeptGateway, NetbillingGateway, NetpayGateway, OgoneGateway, OptimalPaymentGateway, OrbitalGateway, PacNetRavenGateway, PayGateXmlGateway, PayJunctionGateway, PaySecureGateway, PayboxDirectGateway, PayexGateway, PayflowExpressGateway, PayflowGateway, PaymentExpressGateway, PaymillGateway, PaypalExpressGateway, PaypalGateway, PayscoutGateway, PaystationGateway, PaywayGateway, PinGateway, PlugnpayGateway, PsigateGateway, PslCardGateway, QbmsGateway, QuantumGateway, QuickpayGateway, RealexGateway, RedsysGateway, SageBankcardGateway, SageGateway, SagePayGateway, SageVirtualCheckGateway, SallieMaeGateway, SamuraiGateway, SecureNetGateway, SecurePayAuGateway, SecurePayTechGateway, SkipJackGateway, SmartPs, SoEasyPayGateway, SpreedlyCoreGateway, StripeGateway, SwipeCheckoutGateway, TransFirstGateway, TransnationalGateway, TrustCommerceGateway, UsaEpayAdvancedGateway, UsaEpayGateway, UsaEpayTransactionGateway, VerifiGateway, ViaklixGateway, VindiciaGateway, WirecardGateway, WorldpayGateway

Constant Summary

DEBIT_CARDS =
[ :switch, :solo ]
CURRENCIES_WITHOUT_FRACTIONS =
[ 'BIF', 'BYR', 'CLP', 'CVE', 'DJF', 'GNF', 'HUF', 'ISK', 'JPY', 'KMF', 'KRW', 'PYG', 'RWF', 'TWD', 'UGX', 'VND', 'VUV', 'XAF', 'XOF', 'XPF' ]
CREDIT_DEPRECATION_MESSAGE =
"Support for using credit to refund existing transactions is deprecated and will be removed from a future release of ActiveMerchant. Please use the refund method instead."
@@implementations =
[]

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from CreditCardFormatting

#format

Constructor Details

#initialize(options = {}) ⇒ Gateway

Initialize a new gateway.

See the documentation for the gateway you will be using to make sure there are no other required options.



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 127

def initialize(options = {})
  @options = options
end

Instance Attribute Details

#optionsObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute options



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 107

def options
  @options
end

Class Method Details

.card_brand(source) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 114

def self.card_brand(source)
  result = source.respond_to?(:brand) ? source.brand : source.type
  result.to_s.downcase
end

.inherited(subclass) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 71

def self.inherited(subclass)
  super
  @@implementations << subclass
end

.supports?(card_type) ⇒ Boolean

Use this method to check if your gateway of interest supports a credit card of some type



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 110

def self.supports?(card_type)
  supported_cardtypes.include?(card_type.to_sym)
end

Instance Method Details

#card_brand(source) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 119

def card_brand(source)
  self.class.card_brand(source)
end

#test?Boolean

Are we running in test mode?



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 132

def test?
  (@options.has_key?(:test) ? @options[:test] : Base.test?)
end