Class: YARD::Tags::MacroDirective

  • Object
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Defined in:


Defines a block of text to be expanded whenever the macro is called by name in subsequent docstrings. The macro data can be any arbitrary text data, be it regular documentation, meta-data tags or directives.

Defining a Macro

A macro must first be defined in order to be used. Note that a macro is also expanded upon definition if it defined on an object (the docstring of a method, class, module or constant object as opposed to a free standing comment). To define a macro, use the “new” or “attach” identifier in the types specifier list. A macro will also automatically be created if an indented macro data block is given, so the keywords are not strictly needed.

Anonymous Macros

In addition to standard named macros, macros can be defined anonymously if no name is given. In this case, they can not be re-used in future docstrings, but they will expand in the first definition. This is useful when needing to take advantage of the macro expansion variables (described below).

Using a Macro

To re-use a macro in another docstring after it is defined, simply use @!macro the_name with no indented block of macro data. The resulting data will be expanded in place.

Attaching a Macro to a DSL Method

Macros can be defined to auto-expand on DSL-style class method calls. To define a macro to be auto expanded in this way, use the “attach” keyword in the type specifier list (“new” is implied).

Attached macros can also be attached directly on the class method declaration that provides the DSL method to its subclasses. The syntax in either case is the same.

Macro Expansion Variables

In the case of using macros on DSL-style method calls, a number of expansion variables can be used for interpolation inside of the macro data. The variables, similar in syntax to Ruby's global variables, are as follows:

  • $0 - the method name being called

  • $1, $2, $3, … - the Nth argument in the method call

  • $& - the full source line

The following example shows what the expansion variables might hold for a given DSL method call:

property :foo, :a, :b, :c, String
# $0 => "property"
# $1 => "foo"
# $2 => "a"
# $& => "property :foo, :a, :b, :c, String"


Ranges are also acceptable with the syntax ${N-M}. Negative values on either N or M are valid, and refer to indexes from the end of the list. Consider a DSL method that creates a method using the first argument with argument names following, ending with the return type of the method. This could be documented as:

# @!macro dsl_method
#   @!method $1(${2--2})
#   @return [${-1}] the return value of $0
create_method_with_args :foo, :a, :b, :c, String

As described, the method is using the signature foo(a, b, c) and the return type from the last argument, String. When using ranges, tokens are joined with commas. Note that this includes using $0:

$0-1 # => Interpolates to "create_method_with_args, foo"

If you want to separate them with spaces, use $1 $2 $3 $4 .... Note that if the token cannot be expanded, it will return the empty string (not an error), so it would be safe to list $1 $2 ... $10, for example.

Escaping Interpolation

Interpolation can be escaped by prefixing the $ with \, like so:

# @!macro foo
#   I have \$2.00 USD.


Defining a simple macro

# @!macro [new] returnself
#   @return [self] returns itself

Using a simple macro in multiple docstrings

# Documentation for map
# ...
# @macro returnself
def map; end

# Documentation for filter
# ...
# @macro returnself
def filter; end

Attaching a macro to a class method (for DSL usage)

class Resource
  # Defines a new property
  # @param [String] name the property name
  # @param [Class] type the property's type
  # @!macro [attach] property
  #   @return [$2] the $1 property
  def, type) end

class Post < Resource
  property :title, String
  property :view_count, Integer

Attaching a macro directly to a DSL method

class Post < Resource
  # @!macro [attach] property
  #   @return [$2] the $1 property
  property :title, String

  # Macro will expand on this definition too
  property :view_count, Integer


  • 0.7.0

Parser callbacks collapse

Constructor Details

This class inherits a constructor from YARD::Tags::Directive

Instance Method Details




  • 0.7.0

# File 'lib/yard/tags/directives.rb', line 251

def call
  raise TagFormatError if && tag.text.to_s.empty?
  unless macro_data = find_or_create

  self.expanded_text = expand(macro_data)