Opal Rails

Build Status Code Climate Gem Version fun guaranteed web scale

Rails bindings for Opal Ruby engine. (Changelog)

Installation

In your Gemfile

gem 'opal-rails'

or when you build your new Rails app:

rails new <app-name> --javascript=opal

Configuration

Add your configuration in config/initializers/assets.rb with the following contents:

# Compiler options
Rails.application.config.opal.method_missing           = true
Rails.application.config.opal.optimized_operators      = true
Rails.application.config.opal.arity_check              = !Rails.env.production?
Rails.application.config.opal.const_missing            = true
Rails.application.config.opal.dynamic_require_severity = :ignore

For a full list of the available configuration options please refer to: lib/opal/config.rb.

Usage

Rename app/assets/javascripts/application.js to app/assets/javascripts/application.js.rb and replace the Sprockets directives with plain requires as follows:

require 'opal'
require 'opal_ujs'
require 'turbolinks'
require_tree '.' # a Ruby equivalent of the require_tree Sprockets directive is available

# ---- YOUR FANCY RUBY CODE HERE ----
#
# Examples:

# == Print something in the browser's console
puts "Hello world!"
pp hello: :world
require 'console'
$console.log %w[Hello world!]

# == Use Native to wrap native JS objects, $$ is preconfigured to wrap `window`
require 'native'
$$.alert "Hello world!"

# == Do some DOM manipulation with jQuery
require 'opal-jquery'
Document.ready? do
  Element.find('body').html = '<h1>Hello world!</h1>'
end

# == Or access the DOM api directly
$$[:document].addEventListener(:DOMContentLoaded, -> {
  $$[:document].querySelector('body')[:innerHTML] = '<h1>Hello world!</h1>'
})

Using Sprockets directives

If you want to use application.js (instead of application.js.rb) and keep Sprockets directives, you'll need to load the Opal files you require via Sprockets manually, e.g.:

//= require opal
//= require opal_ujs
//= require turbolinks
//= require_tree .
//= require foobar

Opal.load('foobar');

As a template

You can use it for your views too:

# app/controllers/posts_controller.rb

def create
  @post = Post.create!(params[:post])
  render type: :js, locals: {comments_html: render_to_string(@post.comments)}
end

Assigned instance that would normally be available in your views are converted to JSON objects first.

# app/views/posts/create.js.opal

post = Element.find('.post')
post.find('.title').html    = @post[:title]
post.find('.body').html     = @post[:body]
post.find('.comments').html = comments_html

Instance and local variables in templates

By default opal-rails will forward any instance and local variable you'll pass to the template.

This behavior can be disabled by setting Rails.application.config.opal.assigns_in_templates to false in config/initializers/assets.rb:

Rails.application.config.opal.assigns_in_templates = false

As a Haml filter (optional)

Of course you need to require haml-rails separately since its presence is not assumed

-# app/views/posts/show.html.haml

%article.post
  %h1.title= post.title
  .body= post.body

%a#show-comments Display Comments!

.comments(style="display:none;")
  - post.comments.each do |comment|
    .comment= comment.body

:opal
  Document.ready? do
    Element.find('#show-comments').on :click do |click|
      click.prevent_default
      click.current_target.hide
      Element.find('.comments').effect(:fade_in)
    end
  end

RSpec support

Extracted to (unreleased) opal-rspec-rails

Add this line to your Gemfile:

gem 'opal-rspec-rails', github: 'opal/opal-rspec-rails'

Minitest support

Upcoming as opal-minitest-rails

Shared templates

As long as the templates are inside the Sprockets/Opal load path, then you should be able to just require them.

Let's say we have this template app/views/shared/test.haml:

.row
  .col-sm-12
    = @bar

We need to make sure Opal can see and compile that template. So we need to add the path to sprockets:

# config/initializers/opal.rb
Rails.application.config.assets.paths << Rails.root.join('app', 'views', 'shared').to_s

Now, somewhere in application.rb you need to require that template, and you can just run it through Template:

# app/assets/javascripts/application.rb
require 'opal'
require 'opal-haml'
require 'test'

@bar = "hello world"

template = Template['test']
template.render(self)
# =>  '<div class="row"><div class="col-sm-12">hello world</div></div>'

Using Ruby gems from Opal

Just use Opal.use_gem in your asset initializer (config/initializers/assets.rb).

Example:

Opal.use_gem 'cannonbol'

License

© 2012-2016 Elia Schito

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
THE SOFTWARE.