Linode Ruby API

NOTICE

Please welcome Marques Johansson and Drew DeVault, both of Linode, as new maintainers of the ruby Linode API library!

INSTALLATION:

The recommended way to use this library is to include linode in your Gemfile and use Bundler.

gem 'linode', '~> 0.9.0'

By default, this will also install the latest version of the linode library's dependencies:

  • httparty

The latest version of these dependencies requires Ruby >= 1.9.3
If for some reason you need to use an older version of Ruby (1.8.7), you can include the following dependencies in your Gemfile.

gem 'json', '~>1.8'
gem 'httparty', '0.11'

Running on versions of Ruby older than 1.9.3 is considered deprecated and support will not actively be maintained for older versions of Ruby. Using this library with EOL versions of Ruby is frowned upon :(

At this point you can use Bundler to install or update your dependencies.

bundle install

CONTRIBUTING

If you would like to submit a bug fix or feature, you can do so with the traditional GitHub workflow.

  • Fork this repo
  • Git clone your repo locally
  • cd into the repo
  • bundle install to get all runtime and development dependencies
  • Make a new branch
  • Submit a PR

Development

Bug fixes and features should include new tests using the RSpec format. Reviewing the current way tests are written is the best way to understand this. All tests live under the spec folder at the root of the repo.

You can run the tests suite by executing:

rake test

Adding new dependencies is highly discouraged!
Maintaining compatibility with Ruby 1.9.3 is currently required.

Testing your changes against Ruby 1.9.3 and ~> 2.3 should be enough to ensure compatibilty between all version inclusively.

RVM can greatly help with testing different versions of Ruby.

RUNNING:

Consult the Linode API guide here: https://www.linode.com/api/
You will need to get an API key (check your account profile).

Here is an annoyingly exhaustive IRB session where I play around with the API:

bundle exec irb

irb> require 'linode'
irb> api_key = 'TOPSECRETAPIKEY'
irb> l = Linode.new(:api_key => api_key)
=> #<Linode:0x100e03c @api_key="TOPSECRETAPIKEY">

irb> result = l.test.echo(:foo => 'bar', :baz => 'xyzzy')
=> #<OpenStruct baz="xyzzy", foo="bar">
irb> result.foo
=> "bar"

irb> result.baz
=> "xyzzy"

irb> result = l.avail.datacenters
=> [#<OpenStruct datacenterid=2, location="Dallas, TX, USA">, #<OpenStruct datacenterid=3, location="Fremont, CA, USA">, #<OpenStruct datacenterid=4, location="Atlanta, GA, USA">, #<OpenStruct datacenterid=6, location="Newark, NJ, USA">]
irb> s = _
=> [#<OpenStruct datacenterid=2, location="Dallas, TX, USA">, #<OpenStruct datacenterid=3, location="Fremont, CA, USA">, #<OpenStruct datacenterid=4, location="Atlanta, GA, USA">, #<OpenStruct datacenterid=6, location="Newark, NJ, USA">]
irb> result.first
=> #<OpenStruct datacenterid=2, location="Dallas, TX, USA">
irb> result.first.location
=> "Dallas, TX, USA"
irb> l.avail.datacenters.collect {|i| i.location }
=> ["Dallas, TX, USA", "Fremont, CA, USA", "Atlanta, GA, USA", "Newark, NJ, USA"]
irb> l.avail.datacenters.collect {|i| i.datacenterid }
=> [2, 3, 4, 6]

irb> l.user.getapikey(:username => 'me', :password => 'SECKRIT')
=> #<OpenStruct api_key="TOPSECRETAPIKEY", username="me">
irb> l.user.getapikey(:username => 'me', :password => 'SECKRIT').api_key
=> "TOPSECRETAPIKEY"
irb> l.user.getapikey(:username => 'me', :password => 'SECKRIT').username
=> "me"

irb> l.avail.kernels
=> [#<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.16.38-x86_64-linode2", kernelid=85>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.18.8-domU-linode7", kernelid=81>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.18.8-linode10", kernelid=89>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.18.8-linode16", kernelid=98>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.18.8-x86_64-linode1", kernelid=86>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.24.4-linode8", kernelid=84>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.25-linode9", kernelid=88>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.25.10-linode12", kernelid=90>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.26-linode13", kernelid=91>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.27.4-linode14", kernelid=93>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.27.4-x86_64-linode3", kernelid=94>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.28-linode15", kernelid=96>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.28-x86_64-linode4", kernelid=97>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.28.3-linode17", kernelid=99>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.28.3-x86_64-linode5", kernelid=100>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.29-linode18", kernelid=101>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.29-x86_64-linode6", kernelid=102>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="Latest 2.6 Series (2.6.18.8-linode16)", kernelid=60>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="pv-grub-x86_32", kernelid=92>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="pv-grub-x86_64", kernelid=95>, #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="Recovery - Finnix (kernel)", kernelid=61>]
irb> l.avail.kernels.size
=> 21
irb> l.avail.kernels.first
=> #<OpenStruct isxen=1, label="2.6.16.38-x86_64-linode2", kernelid=85>
irb> l.avail.kernels.first.label
=> "2.6.16.38-x86_64-linode2"

irb> l.avail.linodeplans
=> [#<OpenStruct ram=360, label="Linode 360", avail={"6"=>26, "2"=>57, "3"=>20, "4"=>39}, price=19.95, planid=1, xfer=200, disk=16>, #<OpenStruct ram=540, label="Linode 540", avail={"6"=>11, "2"=>38, "3"=>14, "4"=>28}, price=29.95, planid=2, xfer=300, disk=24>, #<OpenStruct ram=720, label="Linode 720", avail={"6"=>13, "2"=>27, "3"=>18, "4"=>30}, price=39.95, planid=3, xfer=400, disk=32>, #<OpenStruct ram=1080, label="Linode 1080", avail={"6"=>18, "2"=>7, "3"=>9, "4"=>4}, price=59.95, planid=4, xfer=600, disk=48>, #<OpenStruct ram=1440, label="Linode 1440", avail={"6"=>14, "2"=>5, "3"=>7, "4"=>3}, price=79.95, planid=5, xfer=800, disk=64>, #<OpenStruct ram=2880, label="Linode 2880", avail={"6"=>3, "2"=>3, "3"=>3, "4"=>3}, price=159.95, planid=6, xfer=1600, disk=128>, #<OpenStruct ram=5760, label="Linode 5760", avail={"6"=>5, "2"=>6, "3"=>5, "4"=>5}, price=319.95, planid=7, xfer=2000, disk=256>, #<OpenStruct ram=8640, label="Linode 8640", avail={"6"=>5, "2"=>6, "3"=>5, "4"=>5}, price=479.95, planid=8, xfer=2000, disk=384>, #<OpenStruct ram=11520, label="Linode 11520", avail={"6"=>5, "2"=>6, "3"=>5, "4"=>5}, price=639.95, planid=9, xfer=2000, disk=512>, #<OpenStruct ram=14400, label="Linode 14400", avail={"6"=>5, "2"=>6, "3"=>5, "4"=>5}, price=799.95, planid=10, xfer=2000, disk=640>]
irb> l.avail.linodeplans.size
=> 10
irb> l.avail.linodeplans.first
=> #<OpenStruct ram=360, label="Linode 360", avail={"6"=>26, "2"=>57, "3"=>20, "4"=>39}, price=19.95, planid=1,
xfer=200, disk=16>
irb> l.avail.linodeplans.first.avail
=> {"6"=>26, "2"=>57, "3"=>20, "4"=>39}

irb> l.avail.distributions
=> [#<OpenStruct label="Arch Linux 2007.08", minimagesize=436, create_dt="2007-10-24 00:00:00.0", is64bit=0, distributionid=38>, #<OpenStruct label="Centos 5.0", minimagesize=594, create_dt="2007-04-27 00:00:00.0", is64bit=0, distributionid=32>, #<OpenStruct label="Centos 5.2", minimagesize=950, create_dt="2008-11-30 00:00:00.0", is64bit=0, distributionid=46>, #<OpenStruct label="Centos 5.2 64bit", minimagesize=980, create_dt="2008-11-30 00:00:00.0", is64bit=1, distributionid=47>, #<OpenStruct label="Debian 4.0", minimagesize=200, create_dt="2007-04-18 00:00:00.0", is64bit=0, distributionid=28>, #<OpenStruct label="Debian 4.0 64bit", minimagesize=220, create_dt="2008-12-02 00:00:00.0", is64bit=1, distributionid=48>, #<OpenStruct label="Debian 5.0", minimagesize=200, create_dt="2009-02-19 00:00:00.0", is64bit=0, distributionid=50>, #<OpenStruct label="Debian 5.0 64bit", minimagesize=300, create_dt="2009-02-19 00:00:00.0", is64bit=1, distributionid=51>, #<OpenStruct label="Fedora 8", minimagesize=740, create_dt="2007-11-09 00:00:00.0", is64bit=0, distributionid=40>, #<OpenStruct label="Fedora 9", minimagesize=1175, create_dt="2008-06-09 15:15:21.0", is64bit=0, distributionid=43>, #<OpenStruct label="Gentoo 2007.0", minimagesize=1800, create_dt="2007-08-29 00:00:00.0", is64bit=0, distributionid=35>, #<OpenStruct label="Gentoo 2008.0", minimagesize=1500, create_dt="2009-03-20 00:00:00.0", is64bit=0, distributionid=52>, #<OpenStruct label="Gentoo 2008.0 64bit", minimagesize=2500, create_dt="2009-04-04 00:00:00.0", is64bit=1, distributionid=53>, #<OpenStruct label="OpenSUSE 11.0", minimagesize=850, create_dt="2008-08-21 08:32:16.0", is64bit=0, distributionid=44>, #<OpenStruct label="Slackware 12.0", minimagesize=315, create_dt="2007-07-16 00:00:00.0", is64bit=0, distributionid=34>, #<OpenStruct label="Slackware 12.2", minimagesize=500, create_dt="2009-04-04 00:00:00.0", is64bit=0, distributionid=54>, #<OpenStruct label="Ubuntu 8.04 LTS", minimagesize=400, create_dt="2008-04-23 15:11:29.0", is64bit=0, distributionid=41>, #<OpenStruct label="Ubuntu 8.04 LTS 64bit", minimagesize=350, create_dt="2008-06-03 12:51:11.0", is64bit=1, distributionid=42>, #<OpenStruct label="Ubuntu 8.10", minimagesize=220, create_dt="2008-10-30 23:23:03.0", is64bit=0, distributionid=45>, #<OpenStruct label="Ubuntu 8.10 64bit", minimagesize=230, create_dt="2008-12-02 00:00:00.0", is64bit=1, distributionid=49>, #<OpenStruct label="Ubuntu 9.04", minimagesize=350, create_dt="2009-04-23 00:00:00.0", is64bit=0, distributionid=55>, #<OpenStruct label="Ubuntu 9.04 64bit", minimagesize=350, create_dt="2009-04-23 00:00:00.0", is64bit=1, distributionid=56>]
irb> l.avail.distributions.size
=> 22
irb> l.avail.distributions.first
=> #<OpenStruct label="Arch Linux 2007.08", minimagesize=436, create_dt="2007-10-24 00:00:00.0", is64bit=0,
distributionid=38>
irb> l.avail.distributions.first.label
=> "Arch Linux 2007.08"

irb> l.domain.resource.list
RuntimeError: Errors completing request [domain.resource.list] @ [https://api.linode.com/] with data [{}]:
  - Error #6 - DOMAINID is required but was not passed in.  (Please consult http://www.linode.com/api/dns/domain.resource.list)
irb> l.domain.resource.list(:DomainId => '1')
RuntimeError: Errors completing request [domain.resource.list] @ [https://api.linode.com/] with data [{:DomainId=>"1"}]:
  - Error #5 - Object not found.  (Please consult http://www.linode.com/api/dns/domain.resource.list)
irb> l.domain.resource.list(:DomainId => '1', :ResourceId => '2')
RuntimeError: Errors completing request [domain.resource.list] @ [https://api.linode.com/] with data [{:DomainId=>"1", :ResourceId=>"2"}]:
  - Error #5 - Object not found.  (Please consult http://www.linode.com/api/dns/domain.resource.list)

irb> l.linode
=> #<Linode::Linode:0x10056e4 @api_url="https://api.linode.com/", @api_key="TOPSECRETAPIKEY">
irb> l.linode.list
=> [#<OpenStruct datacenterid=6, lpm_displaygroup="", totalxfer=600, alert_bwquota_enabled=1, alert_diskio_enabled=1, watchdog=1, alert_cpu_threshold=90, alert_bwout_threshold=5, backupsenabled=0, backupweeklyday="", status=1, alert_cpu_enabled=1, label="byggvir", totalram=1080, backupwindow=0, alert_diskio_threshold=300, alert_bwin_threshold=5, alert_bwquota_threshold=80, linodeid=12446, totalhd=49152, alert_bwin_enabled=1, alert_bwout_enabled=1>, #<OpenStruct datacenterid=4, lpm_displaygroup="", totalxfer=200, alert_bwquota_enabled=1, alert_diskio_enabled=1, watchdog=1, alert_cpu_threshold=90, alert_bwout_threshold=5, backupsenabled=0, backupweeklyday="", status=1, alert_cpu_enabled=1, label="bragi", totalram=360, backupwindow=0, alert_diskio_threshold=300, alert_bwin_threshold=5, alert_bwquota_threshold=80, linodeid=15418, totalhd=16384, alert_bwin_enabled=1, alert_bwout_enabled=1>, #<OpenStruct datacenterid=2, lpm_displaygroup="", totalxfer=200, alert_bwquota_enabled=1, alert_diskio_enabled=1, watchdog=1, alert_cpu_threshold=90, alert_bwout_threshold=5, backupsenabled=0, backupweeklyday="", status=1, alert_cpu_enabled=1, label="nerthus", totalram=360, backupwindow=0, alert_diskio_threshold=300, alert_bwin_threshold=5, alert_bwquota_threshold=80, linodeid=15419, totalhd=16384, alert_bwin_enabled=1, alert_bwout_enabled=1>, #<OpenStruct datacenterid=3, lpm_displaygroup="", totalxfer=200, alert_bwquota_enabled=1, alert_diskio_enabled=1, watchdog=1, alert_cpu_threshold=90, alert_bwout_threshold=5, backupsenabled=0, backupweeklyday=0, status=1, alert_cpu_enabled=1, label="hoenir", totalram=360, backupwindow=0, alert_diskio_threshold=500, alert_bwin_threshold=5, alert_bwquota_threshold=80, linodeid=24405, totalhd=16384, alert_bwin_enabled=1, alert_bwout_enabled=1>]
irb> l.linode.list.size
=> 4
irb> l.linode.list.first
=> #<OpenStruct datacenterid=6, lpm_displaygroup="", totalxfer=600, alert_bwquota_enabled=1, alert_diskio_enabled=1, watchdog=1, alert_cpu_threshold=90, alert_bwout_threshold=5, backupsenabled=0, backupweeklyday="", status=1, alert_cpu_enabled=1, label="byggvir", totalram=1080, backupwindow=0, alert_diskio_threshold=300, alert_bwin_threshold=5, alert_bwquota_threshold=80, linodeid=12446, totalhd=49152, alert_bwin_enabled=1, alert_bwout_enabled=1>
irb> l.linode.list.first.datacenterid
=> 6
irb> l.linode.list.first.label
=> "byggvir"

irb> l.linode.config.list
RuntimeError: Errors completing request [linode.config.list] @ [https://api.linode.com/] with data [{}]:
  - Error #6 - LINODEID is required but was not passed in.  (Please consult http://www.linode.com/api/linode/linode.config.list)
irb> l.linode.list
=> [#<OpenStruct datacenterid=6, lpm_displaygroup="", totalxfer=600, alert_bwquota_enabled=1, alert_diskio_enabled=1, watchdog=1, alert_cpu_threshold=90, alert_bwout_threshold=5, backupsenabled=0, backupweeklyday="", status=1, alert_cpu_enabled=1, label="byggvir", totalram=1080, backupwindow=0, alert_diskio_threshold=300, alert_bwin_threshold=5, alert_bwquota_threshold=80, linodeid=12446, totalhd=49152, alert_bwin_enabled=1, alert_bwout_enabled=1>, #<OpenStruct datacenterid=4, lpm_displaygroup="", totalxfer=200, alert_bwquota_enabled=1, alert_diskio_enabled=1, watchdog=1, alert_cpu_threshold=90, alert_bwout_threshold=5, backupsenabled=0, backupweeklyday="", status=1, alert_cpu_enabled=1, label="bragi", totalram=360, backupwindow=0, alert_diskio_threshold=300, alert_bwin_threshold=5, alert_bwquota_threshold=80, linodeid=15418, totalhd=16384, alert_bwin_enabled=1, alert_bwout_enabled=1>, #<OpenStruct datacenterid=2, lpm_displaygroup="", totalxfer=200, alert_bwquota_enabled=1, alert_diskio_enabled=1, watchdog=1, alert_cpu_threshold=90, alert_bwout_threshold=5, backupsenabled=0, backupweeklyday="", status=1, alert_cpu_enabled=1, label="nerthus", totalram=360, backupwindow=0, alert_diskio_threshold=300, alert_bwin_threshold=5, alert_bwquota_threshold=80, linodeid=15419, totalhd=16384, alert_bwin_enabled=1, alert_bwout_enabled=1>, #<OpenStruct datacenterid=3, lpm_displaygroup="", totalxfer=200, alert_bwquota_enabled=1, alert_diskio_enabled=1, watchdog=1, alert_cpu_threshold=90, alert_bwout_threshold=5, backupsenabled=0, backupweeklyday=0, status=1, alert_cpu_enabled=1, label="hoenir", totalram=360, backupwindow=0, alert_diskio_threshold=500, alert_bwin_threshold=5, alert_bwquota_threshold=80, linodeid=24405, totalhd=16384,alert_bwin_enabled=1, alert_bwout_enabled=1>]
irb> l.linode.list.first
=> #<OpenStruct datacenterid=6, lpm_displaygroup="", totalxfer=600, alert_bwquota_enabled=1, alert_diskio_enabled=1, watchdog=1, alert_cpu_threshold=90, alert_bwout_threshold=5, backupsenabled=0, backupweeklyday="", status=1, alert_cpu_enabled=1, label="byggvir", totalram=1080, backupwindow=0, alert_diskio_threshold=300, alert_bwin_threshold=5, alert_bwquota_threshold=80, linodeid=12446, totalhd=49152, alert_bwin_enabled=1, alert_bwout_enabled=1>
irb> l.linode.list.first.linodeid
=> 12446
irb> l.linode.config.list(:LinodeId => 12446)
=> [#<OpenStruct helper_disableupdatedb=1, ramlimit=0, kernelid=60, helper_depmod=1, rootdevicecustom="", disklist="79850,79851,79854,,,,,,", label="byggvir", runlevel="default", rootdevicero=true, configid=43615, rootdevicenum=1, linodeid=12446, helper_libtls=false, helper_xen=1, comments="">]
irb> l.linode.config.list(:LinodeId => 12446).first.disklist
=> "79850,79851,79854,,,,,,"

irb> l.linode.job.list
RuntimeError: Errors completing request [linode.job.list] @ [https://api.linode.com/] with data [{}]:
  - Error #6 - LINODEID is required but was not passed in.  (Please consult http://www.linode.com/api/linode/linode.job.list)

irb> l.linode.job.list(:LinodeId => 12446)
=> [#<OpenStruct action="linode.boot", jobid=1241724, duration=8, host_finish_dt="2009-07-14 17:07:29.0", host_message="", linodeid=12446, host_success=1, host_start_dt="2009-07-14 17:07:21.0", entered_dt="2009-07-14 17:06:25.0", label="System Boot - byggvir">, #<OpenStruct action="linode.shutdown", jobid=1241723, duration=14, host_finish_dt="2009-07-14 17:07:20.0", host_message="", linodeid=12446, host_success=1, host_start_dt="2009-07-14 17:07:06.0", entered_dt="2009-07-14 17:06:25.0", label="System Shutdown">, #<OpenStruct action="linode.boot", jobid=1182441, duration=0, host_finish_dt="2009-06-10 04:27:49.0", host_message="Linode already running", linodeid=12446, host_success=0, host_start_dt="2009-06-10 04:27:49.0", entered_dt="2009-06-10 04:26:05.0", label="Lassie initiated boot">, #<OpenStruct action="linode.boot", jobid=1182436, duration=8, host_finish_dt="2009-06-10 04:27:49.0", host_message="", linodeid=12446, host_success=1, host_start_dt="2009-06-10 04:27:41.0", entered_dt="1974-01-04 00:00:00.0", label="Host initiated restart">, #<OpenStruct action="linode.boot", jobid=1182273, duration=0, host_finish_dt="2009-06-10 03:02:31.0", host_message="Linode already running", linodeid=12446, host_success=0, host_start_dt="2009-06-10 03:02:31.0", entered_dt="2009-06-10 02:59:49.0", label="Lassie initiated boot">, #<OpenStruct action="linode.boot", jobid=1182268, duration=8, host_finish_dt="2009-06-10 03:02:31.0", host_message="", linodeid=12446, host_success=1, host_start_dt="2009-06-10 03:02:23.0", entered_dt="1974-01-04 00:00:00.0", label="Host initiated restart">, #<OpenStruct action="linode.boot", jobid=1182150, duration=1, host_finish_dt="2009-06-10 01:28:40.0", host_message="Linode already running", linodeid=12446, host_success=0, host_start_dt="2009-06-10 01:28:39.0", entered_dt="2009-06-10 01:26:55.0", label="Lassie initiated boot">, #<OpenStruct action="linode.boot", jobid=1182145, duration=8, host_finish_dt="2009-06-10 01:28:39.0", host_message="", linodeid=12446, host_success=1, host_start_dt="2009-06-10 01:28:31.0", entered_dt="1974-01-04 00:00:00.0", label="Host initiated restart">]
irb> l.linode.job.list(:LinodeId => 12446).size
=> 8

irb> l.linode.ip.list
RuntimeError: Errors completing request [linode.ip.list] @ [https://api.linode.com/] with data [{}]:
  - Error #6 - LINODEID is required but was not passed in.  (Please consult http://www.linode.com/api/linode/linode.ip.list)
irb> l.linode.ip.list(:LinodeId => 12446)
=> [#<OpenStruct rdns_name="byggvir.websages.com", ipaddressid=12286, linodeid=12446, ispublic=1, ipaddress="209.123.234.161">, #<OpenStruct rdns_name="li101-51.members.linode.com", ipaddressid=23981, linodeid=12446, ispublic=1, ipaddress="97.107.140.51">]
irb> ^D@ Wed Aug 05 01:50:52 rick@Yer-Moms-Computer

CREDITS:

  • Thanks to Kenn Ejima (kenn) for json library improvements, OStruct cleanups, README improvements, etc.
  • Thanks to Arthur D'Antonio III (arthurD) for a patch to fix string decoding via HTTParty.parsed_response.
  • Thanks to Aditya Sanghi (asanghi) for a patch to properly namespace stackscripts functionality.
  • Thanks to Dan Hodos (danhodos) for diagnosing and fixing an issue with sending GET requests instead of POST request.
  • Thanks to Aaron Hamid for updates for RSpec 2 and work on user.getapikey + username/password initialization.
  • Thanks to Musfuut (musfuut) for diagnosing and recommending a fix for OpenStruct and 'type' data members in Linode returned results.
  • Thanks to mihaibirsan (mihaibirsan) for diagnosing a problem with dependencies on the 'crack' library.
  • Thanks to Adam Durana (durana) for adding support for linode.ip.addprivate.
  • Thanks to Gustavo Beathyate (goddamnhippie) for markdownifying the README.
  • Thanks to Robbert Klarenbeek (rubencaro) for API updates.
  • Thanks to rubencaro for adding logger functionality.
  • Thanks to Marques Johansson displague for API updates