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Cape

Travis CI build status Gemnasium build status Code Climate report RubyGems release

If

Then

Features

See what’s changed lately by reading the project history.

Installation — get your Cape on

Install the RubyGem.

$ gem install cape

Or you may want to make Cape a dependency of your project by using Bundler.

# Gemfile

source 'http://rubygems.org'

gem 'cape', '~> 1'

Compatibility

Cape runs on the following Ruby versions:

Cape integrates with the following RubyGems:

A Rake task that lacks a description can be mirrored or enumerated only if Rake v0.9.3 or newer is installed. Older versions of Rake did not support enumerating such tasks. You may want to make Rake v0.9.3 a dependency of your project.

# Gemfile

source 'http://rubygems.org'

gem 'rake', '>= 0.9.3'

Examples

Assume the following Rake tasks are defined.

desc 'Rakes the leaves'
task :leaves do
  $stdout.puts "Raking the leaves"
end

desc 'Rakes and bags the leaves'
task :bag_leaves, [:paper_or_plastic] => :leaves do |task, arguments|
  $stdout.puts "Putting the leaves in a #{arguments[:paper_or_plastic]} bag"
end

Rake lists these tasks in the expected fashion.

$ rake --tasks
rake bag_leaves[paper_or_plastic]  # Rakes and bags the leaves
rake leaves                        # Rakes the leaves

$ rake --describe bag_leaves
rake bag_leaves[paper_or_plastic]
    Rakes and bags the leaves

Simply mirror all Rake tasks as Capistrano recipes

Add the following to your Capistrano recipes. Note that Cape statements must be contained in a Cape block.

# config/deploy.rb

require 'cape'

Cape do
  # Create Capistrano recipes for all Rake tasks.
  mirror_rake_tasks
end

Now all your Rake tasks appear alongside your Capistrano recipes.

$ cap --tasks
cap deploy               # Deploys your project.
...
[other built-in Capistrano recipes]
...
cap bag_leaves           # Rakes and bags the leaves.
cap leaves               # Rakes the leaves.
Some tasks were not listed, either because they have no description,
or because they are only used internally by other tasks. To see all
tasks, type `cap -vT'.

Extended help may be available for these tasks.
Type `cap -e taskname' to view it.

Let’s use Capistrano to view the unabbreviated description of a Rake task recipe, including instructions for how to pass arguments to it. Note that Rake task parameters are automatically converted to environment variables.

$ cap --explain bag_leaves
------------------------------------------------------------
cap bag_leaves
------------------------------------------------------------
Bags the leaves.

Set environment variable PAPER_OR_PLASTIC if you want to pass a Rake task argument.

Here’s how to invoke a task/recipe with arguments. On the local computer, via Rake:

$ rake bag_leaves[plastic]
(in /current/working/directory)
Raking the leaves
Putting the leaves in a plastic bag

On remote computers, via Capistrano:

$ cap bag_leaves PAPER_OR_PLASTIC=plastic
  * executing `bag_leaves'
  * executing "cd /path/to/currently/deployed/version/of/your/app && /usr/bin/env `/usr/bin/env bundle check >/dev/null 2>&1; case $? in 0|1 ) echo bundle exec ;; esac` rake bag_leaves[plastic]"
    servers: ["your.server.name"]
    [your.server.name] executing command
 ** [out :: your.server.name] (in /path/to/currently/deployed/version/of/your/app)
 ** [out :: your.server.name] Raking the leaves
 ** [out :: your.server.name] Putting the leaves in a plastic bag
    command finished in 1000ms

Mirror some Rake tasks, but not others

Cape lets you filter the Rake tasks to be mirrored. Note that Cape statements must be contained in a Cape block.

# config/deploy.rb

require 'cape'

Cape do
  # Create Capistrano recipes for the Rake task 'foo' and/or for the tasks in
  # the 'foo' namespace.
  mirror_rake_tasks :foo
end

Mirror Rake tasks that require renaming, Capistrano recipe options, path switching, and/or environment variables

Cape lets you customize mirrored Rake tasks to suit your needs. Note that Cape statements must be contained in a Cape block, and references to Capistrano variables such as rails_env and release_path must be contained in an inner block, lambda, or other callable object.

# config/deploy.rb

require 'cape'

Cape do
  # Display defined Rails routes on application server remote machines only.
  mirror_rake_tasks :routes do |recipes|
    recipes.options[:roles] = :app
  end

  # Execute database migration on application server remote machines only,
  # and set the 'RAILS_ENV' environment variable to the value of the
  # Capistrano variable 'rails_env'.
  mirror_rake_tasks 'db:migrate' do |recipes|
    recipes.options[:roles] = :app
    recipes.env['RAILS_ENV'] = lambda { rails_env }
  end

  # Support a Rake task that must be run on application server remote
  # machines only, and in the remote directory 'release_path' instead of the
  # default, 'current_path'.
  before 'deploy:symlink', :spec
  mirror_rake_tasks :spec do |recipes|
    recipes.cd { release_path }
    recipes.options[:roles] = :app
  end

  # Avoid collisions with the existing Ruby method #test, run tests on
  # application server remote machines only, and set the 'RAILS_ENV'
  # environment variable to the value of the Capistrano variable
  # 'rails_env'.
  mirror_rake_tasks :test do |recipes|
    recipes.rename do |rake_task_name|
      "#{rake_task_name}_task"
    end
    recipes.options[:roles] = :app
    recipes.env['RAILS_ENV'] = lambda { rails_env }
  end
end

The above is equivalent to the following manually-defined Capistrano recipes.

# config/deploy.rb

# These translations to Capistrano are just for illustration.

RAKE = '/usr/bin/env '                                +
       '`'                                            +
        '/usr/bin/env bundle check >/dev/null 2>&1; ' +
        'case $? in '                                 +
           # Exit code 0: bundle is defined and installed
           # Exit code 1: bundle is defined but not installed
          '0|1 ) '                                    +
            'echo bundle exec '                       +
            ';; '                                     +
        'esac'                                        +
       '` '                                           +
       'rake'

task :routes, :roles => :app do
  run "cd #{current_path} && #{RAKE} routes"
end

namespace :db do
  task :migrate, :roles => :app do
    run "cd #{current_path} && #{RAKE} db:migrate RAILS_ENV=#{rails_env}"
  end
end

before 'deploy:symlink', :spec
task :spec, :roles => :app do
  run "cd #{release_path} && #{RAKE} routes"
end

task :test_task, :roles => :app do
  run "cd #{current_path} && #{RAKE} test RAILS_ENV=#{rails_env}"
end

Mirror Rake tasks into a Capistrano namespace

Cape plays friendly with the Capistrano DSL for organizing Rake tasks in Capistrano namespaces. Note that Cape statements must be contained in a Cape block.

# config/deploy.rb

require 'cape'

namespace :rake_tasks do
  # Use an argument with the Cape block, if you want to or need to.
  Cape do |cape|
    cape.mirror_rake_tasks
  end
end

Iterate over available Rake tasks

Cape lets you enumerate Rake tasks, optionally filtering them by task name or namespace. Note that Cape statements must be contained in a Cape block.

# config/deploy.rb

require 'cape'

Cape do
  # Enumerate all Rake tasks.
  each_rake_task do |t|
    # Do something interesting with this hash:
    # * t[:name] -- the full name of the task
    # * t[:parameters] -- the names of task arguments
    # * t[:description] -- documentation on the task, including parameters
  end

  # Enumerate the Rake task 'foo' and/or the tasks in the 'foo' namespace.
  each_rake_task 'foo' do |t|
    # ...
  end
end

Configure Rake execution

Cape lets you specify how Rake should be run on the local computer and on remote computers. But the default behavior is most likely just right for your needs:

Note that Cape statements must be contained in a Cape block.

# config/deploy.rb

require 'cape'

# Configure Cape never to run Rake via Bundler, neither locally nor remotely.
Cape.local_rake_executable  = '/usr/bin/env rake'
Cape.remote_rake_executable = '/usr/bin/env rake'

Cape do
  # Create Capistrano recipes for all Rake tasks.
  mirror_rake_tasks
end

Contributing

Report defects and feature requests on GitHub Issues.

Your patches are welcome, and you will receive attribution here for good stuff.

License

Released under the MIT License.