Better Errors replaces the standard Rails error page with a much better and more useful error page. It is also usable outside of Rails in any Rack app as Rack middleware.
- Full stack trace
- Source code inspection for all stack frames (with highlighting)
- Local and instance variable inspection
- Live REPL on every stack frame
Add this to your Gemfile:
group :development do gem "better_errors" end
If you would like to use Better Errors' advanced features (REPL, local/instance variable inspection, pretty stack frame names), you need to add the
binding_of_caller gem by @banisterfiend to your Gemfile:
This is an optional dependency however, and Better Errors will work without it.
Note: If you discover that Better Errors isn't working - particularly after upgrading from version 0.5.0 or less - be sure to set
config.consider_all_requests_local = true in
NOTE: It is critical you put better_errors in the development section. Do NOT run better_errors in production, or on Internet facing hosts.
You will notice that the only machine that gets the Better Errors page is localhost, which means you get the default error page if you are developing on a remote host (or a virtually remote host, such as a Vagrant box). Obviously, the REPL is not something you want to expose to the public, but there may also be other pieces of sensitive information available in the backtrace.
To poke selective holes in this security mechanism, you can add a line like this to your startup (for example, on Rails it would be
BetterErrors::Middleware.allow_ip! ENV['TRUSTED_IP'] if ENV['TRUSTED_IP']
Then run Rails like this:
TRUSTED_IP=220.127.116.11 rails s
Note that the
allow_ip! is actually backed by a
Set, so you can add more than one IP address or subnet.
Tip: You can find your apparent IP by hitting the old error page's "Show env dump" and looking at "REMOTE_ADDR".
VirtualBox: If you are using VirtualBox and are accessing the guest from your host's browser, you will need to use
allow_ip! to see the error page.
If you're using Rails, there's nothing else you need to do.
If you're not using Rails, you need to insert
BetterErrors::Middleware into your middleware stack, and optionally set
BetterErrors.application_root if you'd like Better Errors to abbreviate filenames within your application.
Here's an example using Sinatra:
require "sinatra" require "better_errors" configure :development do use BetterErrors::Middleware BetterErrors.application_root = __dir__ end get "/" do raise "oops" end
Better Errors will render a plain text error page when the request is an
XMLHttpRequest or when the
Accept header does not include 'html'.
Unicorn, Puma, and other multi-worker servers
Better Errors works by leaving a lot of context in server process memory. If
you're using a web server that runs multiple "workers" it's likely that a second
request (as happens when you click on a stack frame) will hit a different
worker. That worker won't have the necessary context in memory, and you'll see
Session Expired message.
If this is the case for you, consider turning the number of workers to one (1)
development. Another option would be to use Webrick, Mongrel, Thin,
or another single-process server as your
rails server, when you are trying
to troubleshoot an issue in development.
Get in touch!
If you're using better_errors, I'd love to hear from you. Drop me a line and tell me what you think!
- Fork it
- Create your feature branch (
git checkout -b my-new-feature)
- Commit your changes (
git commit -am 'Add some feature')
- Push to the branch (
git push origin my-new-feature)
- Create new Pull Request